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Orientation Location Scale. By: Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools. Objectives. Prior to this activity, the students have demonstrated a knowledge of The definition of latitude and longitude The concept of hemisphere and how the globe is divided into four hemispheres.

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Orientation Location Scale

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Orientation

Location

Scale

By: Eleanor Joyce

City of Salem Schools


Objectives

  • Prior to this activity, the students have demonstrated a knowledge of

  • The definition of latitude and longitude

  • The concept of hemisphere and how the globe is divided into four hemispheres.

  • The Student will draw a compass rose and determine orientation on a map.

  • The student will locate and label latitude and longitude coordinates on a map of the world

  • The student will state the relative location of regions on a map.

  • The student will estimate the distance between two points on a map by using a scale of miles.

  • The student will compare maps to understand how the scale ratio determines the amount of detail on a map.


Orientation

Location or position relative to the points on the compass.

Cardinal Directions– North, South, East, West

Intermediate Directions- Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest


Draw a compass rose and fill in the cardinal and intermediate directions.


Answers

North

Northwest

Northeast

West

East

Southwest

Southeast

South

Never Eat Shredded Wheat


Location

Absolute and Relative


Relative Location

The description of the location of a place in relationship to another place.


Europe

NorthAmerica

Asia

Africa

SouthAmerica

Australia

Antarctica

Europe is located North of Africa

North America is located of South America

Next

North


Europe

NorthAmerica

Asia

Africa

SouthAmerica

Australia

Antarctica

Asia is located of Europe.

Australia is located of Antarctica.

East

Next

Northeast


Absolute Location

The global address of a point on the globe is an absolute location.

The latitude and longitude coordinates define the absolute location of a point on the globe.

The correct order for global addresses are

North and South followed by East and West

60°N, 120°W is a correctly written address.


Absolute location is the point were lines of latitude and longitude intersect on a grid.

Longitude lines or Meridians run north to south but are read east to west.

Latitude lines or Parallel lines run east to west but are measured north to south.


Step 1. Highlight the Equator

Step 2. Highlight the Prime Meridian.

Next


NW

NE

SW

SE

Step 3. Draw and X where the two lines intersect.

Step 4. Label the hemispheres

Next


20°N, 80° W

NW

NE

SW

SE

  • Step 5. Locate 20°N, 80° W

    • Locate the Northwest hemisphere. Why

    • Locate 20° N, draw a line along this line to the Prime Meridian .

    • Locate 80° W, draw a line along this line to the Equator

    • Where the two lines intersect is 20°N, 80° W

Next


Use the same skills to identify the absolute location of the red star.

What is the answer?

Next

40°N, 140°E.


Use the same skills to identify the absolute location of the red star.

What is the answer?

Next

60°S, 60°E.


Use the same skills to identify the absolute location of the red star.

What is the answer?

Next

20°S, 20°W.


Use the same skills to identify the absolute location of the red star.

What is the answer?

Next

20°N, 0°.


Use the same skills to identify the absolute location of the red star.

What is the answer?

0°N, 100°W.


Scale

Ratio between a distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the earth

http://geography.uoregon.edu/buckley/teaching/geog311/lectures/lecture4%20-%20map%20scale/sld003.htm


Representative Fraction

  • a fraction or ratio between units on themap and units on the earth’s surface

  • format

    • 1:1,000,000 OR 1/1,000,000

http://geography.uoregon.edu/buckley/teaching/geog311/lectures/lecture4%20-%20map%20scale/sld003.htm


Graphic or Bar Scale

  • a line subdivided like a ruler to show the lengths of earth distance units on the map.

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

1 inch = 50 miles

http://geography.uoregon.edu/buckley/teaching/geog311/lectures/lecture4%20-%20map%20scale/sld003.htm


The distance from Captain Cook to Hilo would be approximately how many miles?

  • 10 miles

  • 25 miles

  • 50 miles

  • 100 miles


The distance from Captain Cook to Hilo would be approximately how many miles?

  • 10 miles

  • 25 miles

  • 50 miles

  • 100 miles


Map Scale

The smaller the scale of miles, the more detail the map shows.

The larger the scale of miles, the less detail the map shows.


Scale of Miles range is 0-5 miles

How much detail can you see on this map?


Scale of Miles range is 0-1.2 miles

How much detail can you see on this map?


Scale of Miles range is 0-.6 miles

How much detail can you see on this map?


Scale of Miles range is 0-.3 miles

How much detail can you see on this map?


Scale of Miles range is 0-160 yards

How much detail can you see on this map?


Which map shows the most detail?

A

C

D

B


Which map shows the most detail?

A

C

D

B


Which map has the smallest scale of miles?

A

C

D

B


Which map has the smallest scale of miles?

A

C

D

B


Review

Fill in the blanks:

The larger the scale of miles, the _______ detail will be shown on the map.

The smaller the scale of miles, the_______detail will be shown on the

detail.


Review

Fill in the blanks:

The larger the scale of miles, the _______ detail will be shown on the map.

The smaller the scale of miles, the_______detail will be shown on the

detail.

less

more


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