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Eyewear Frame Selection. Unit 2: Color Analysis. Color Analysis. Three Keys:. Essential Elements:. All people are either warm or cool Everyone looks best in their own color base Eyewear color should complement personal coloring. Identify and enhance your patient’s coloring

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Eyewear Frame Selection

Unit 2: Color Analysis


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Color Analysis

Three Keys:

Essential Elements:

  • All people are either warm or cool

  • Everyone looks best in their own color base

  • Eyewear color should complement personal coloring

  • Identify and enhance your patient’s coloring

  • All colors are warm or cool, depending on the shade

  • Color draping identifies warm or cool complexions


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Why Care About Color

Color Magic

  • The right coloring creates a subtle magic by brightening the eyes and flattering the face

  • The ability to analyze a patient’s coloring and make informed recommendations requires objective color knowledge

  • Knowledge of color and how it can enhance and complement a patient’s appearance is an essential dispensing skill


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Why Care About Color

Why Warm And Cool?

  • Artists have long understood the division of human complexions into two categories:

    • Cool (blue-based)

    • Warm (yellow-based)

  • These two divisions apply to all ethnic or racial groups and vary from person to person


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Why Care About Color

Why Warm And Cool?

  • Most people know what colors to avoid – the colors that “wipe them out” or “turn them green”

  • The majority of patients “know without knowing why” which colors suit them best

  • The color-informed optician can help guide the selection of eyewear colors and tints that enhance their patient’s looks


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Why Care About Color

How To Discuss Color With Your Patients

  • Ask if the patient has ever had a professional color analysis

  • Discuss the analysis and determine the patient’s own color preferences

  • Be careful to avoid any implication that the patient favors unflattering or “wrong” colors


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Why Care About Color

How To Discuss Color With Your Patients

  • Don’t insist on being right-some patients can be touchy about their tastes in color

  • Don’t win the argument and lose the patient

  • Move the patient into the best colors within their choice, if the patient has been misinformed or mistaken, let it be


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Color Factors: Eyes, Skin, Hair

Eyes

  • Eye color is either warm or cool

  • However, eye color is not a primary factor for determining a patient’s color group because the variety of shades varies so extensively

  • Example: Blue eyes can be cool (violet) or warm (pale blue-gray) depending on the undertones.


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Color Factors: Eyes, Skin, Hair

Skin

  • Skin tone is the primary element in determining a patient’s color group

  • All complexions fall into one of two color bases: blue (cool) or yellow (warm)

  • A cool complexion has blue or pink undertones

  • A warm complexion has a “peaches and cream” or yellow cast.


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Color Factors: Eyes, Skin, Hair

Skin

  • In the U.S., cool, blue-based complexions comprise approximately 60% of the population

  • Warm, yellow-based complexions comprise approximately 40% of the population


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Color Factors: Eyes, Skin, Hair

Hair

  • Hair colors are also classified as either warm or cool

  • Strawberry blonde, platinum, blue-black, white, salt-and-pepper, and “dishwater” brown belong to the cool color group

  • Golden blond, flat black, brown-gold, “carrot” and “dirty” gray belong to the warm color group


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Color Factors: Eyes, Skin, Hair

Intensity

  • Patient’s are not only classified as warm or cool, but may also be classified as high-or low-intensity coloring.

  • Patients with high-intensity coloring have a facial vividness and are able to wear strong, primary colors

  • Patients with low-intensity coloring are more muted and do better with softer colors.


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Color Factors: Eyes, Skin, Hair

Intensity

  • Intensity is an important factor to consider when recommending eyewear colors and frame shapes

  • High intensity people can look striking and original in unusual or dramatic eyewear

  • Low-intensity people require softer colors and frames that do not overpower their faces


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Color Swatches and Draping

Color Swatches and Color Draping

  • Color swatches are pieces of fabric in specific warm and cool key colors

  • Each swatch is designed to drape loosely around the patient’s neck and shoulders

  • The color “floods” the face, and either enhances the complexion or looks unmistakably wrong


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Color Swatches and Draping

The Key Colors:

  • Ivory White

  • Dark Navy Blue

  • Peach

  • Matte (Flat) Black

  • Orange Red

Warm:

Cool:

  • Bright White

  • Royal Blue

  • Pink

  • Shiny Black

  • Blue-Red


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Color Swatches and Draping

Things to Look for When Color Draping

The Wrong Color Base:

  • Makes the skin look pale, sallow, muddy, gray, or washed out

  • Lines, wrinkles, circles, blemishes, and five o’clock shadow will stand out

  • Ages the face, making it look pasty or pale

  • Hair and eyes appear pale and dull


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Color Swatches and Draping

Things to Look for When Color Draping

The Right Color Base:

  • Makes the skin look clear, bright, smooth, and healthy

  • Lines, wrinkles, circles, blemishes, and five o’clock shadow will be minimized or disappear

  • Brings a healthy, youthful glow to the face

  • Eyes will sparkle and hair will shine




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Color Swatches and Draping

Tinted Lenses

  • Tinted lens samples in peach (warm) and pink (cool) can also be used to indicate a person’s color base

  • Patient’s can be shown the different effects of the two shades by holding them in front of their eyes

  • A quick demonstration of the power of color


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Color Swatches and Draping

Color Draping Secrets

  • Full-spectrum, shadow-free lighting is recommended for a professional office

  • A pure colorless light is needed to “see” coloring accurately

  • Use tact when a patient is wearing the “wrong” colors

  • Do not assume male patients will be embarrassed by color draping


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Color Swatches and Draping

General Color Tips

  • If necessary, limit the color swatches to two shades that are sure-fire indicators of warm or cool: orange-red (warm) and blue-red (cool)

  • Be sure to consider a patient’s intensity, high or low, when making color recommendations

  • Be sure to provide top-quality lighting in the dispensing office


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Color Swatches and Draping

General Color Tips

  • For skeptical patients, demonstrate color draping on yourself or one of your staff

  • Use both “right” and “wrong” color swatches for a convincing demonstration

  • Point out how the wrong color group shadows the eyes and dulls the skin

  • Seeing is believing


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Color Swatches and Draping

General Color Tips

  • Brown eyes and darker hair can wear a wide range of intense colors

  • Blue eyes and lighter hair take lighter, more delicate colors

  • Gray or white hair also looks better with delicate colors


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Color Swatches and Draping

General Color Tips

  • Use diplomacy when discussing complexion. Say “golden,” not “yellow,” when discussing a warm complexion

  • Accept the fact that some pateints will ignore your informed recommendations and insist on their own – possibly wrong – color choices


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Color Swatches and Draping

Practice, Practice, Practice

  • Even without knowledge of color theory, most people will have an instinctive feel for the colors that suit them best

  • Color “draping” is an effective method for identifying warm or cool complexions and the colors that flatter them

  • Practice color draping with friends and staff to gain proficiency


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Color Analysis

Three Keys:

Essential Elements:

  • All people are either warm or cool

  • Everyone looks best in their own color base

  • Eyewear color should complement personal coloring

  • Identify and enhance your patient’s coloring

  • All colors are warm or cool, depending on the shade

  • Color draping identifies warm or cool complexions


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Eyewear Frame Selection

Review

Unit 2: Color Analysis


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Review

Warm skin tones have a _____ undertone.

Yellow or Golden


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Review

Cool skin tones have a _____ undertone.

Blue


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Review

What is the main tool for identifying cool or warm base skin tones?

Color Keys or Drapes


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Review

How do you identify high or low intensity coloring?

High-intensity coloring is vivid, with or without makeup.


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Review

What particular advantage do high intensity individuals have?

High intensity individuals can carry off color “mistakes” because their own vividness overrides everything else. Low-intensity individuals are more muted, but are often able to wear unusual low-intensity shades that complement their skin tones.


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Review

All colors come in warm and cool bases (True/False)

True


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Review

Which of the following is not a factor in determining color base:

a. intensity

b. lighting

c. lifestyle

c. lifestyle


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Review

_____ lighting is very important in diagnosing color bases.

Natural


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Eyewear Frame Selection

End

Unit 2: Color Analysis


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