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Seminar in IPM Theory and Practice (ENY 6934). University of Florida, IFAS. Norm Leppla. Introduction to Integrated Pest Management (IPM). History of IPM What is IPM? IPM practices and applications Pest outbreaks and growers reaction IPM education, training and credentials

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Seminar in ipm theory and practice eny 6934

Seminar in IPM Theory and Practice (ENY 6934)

University of Florida, IFAS

Norm Leppla


Introduction to integrated pest management ipm
Introduction to Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

  • History of IPM

  • What is IPM?

  • IPM practices and applications

  • Pest outbreaks and growers reaction

  • IPM education, training and credentials

  • Access to IPM information

  • Future of IPM in Florida and elsewhere


IPM Partnerships

  • State

  • Regional

  • National


What is IPM?

Integrated Pest Management, or IPM, is a long-standing, science-based decision-making process that identifies and reduces risks from pests and pest management strategies. It coordinates information on pest biology, the environment, and availabletechnology to preventunacceptable levels of pest damage by the most economical means, while posing the least risk to people, property, resources, and the environment. IPM provides an effective strategy for managing pests from developed agricultural, residential, and public areas to wild lands. IPM provides an effective, all encompassing, sustainable approach to protect natural resources, crops, animals and people from pests. IPM recommendations are frequently recognized as Best Management Practices (BMP’s) to manage weeds, disease and insects for production of food and fiber (USDA National Road Map for Integrated Pest Management).


Ipm system objectives
IPM System Objectives

  • Pest outbreaks & disease epidemics

  • Environmental contamination

  • Human health hazards

  • Pest mgmt. costs

  • Reduce

  • risk…

INCREASE…

  • Reliability

  • Sustainability

Chem

Biological Control

Cultural Methods



Generic IPM Program

  • Biological knowledge

  • Monitoring and inspection

  • Act to control pests when necessary

  • Choose least-risk options

  • Long-term, preventative practices

  • Evaluation and records

  • Pesticide management

  • Continual improvement


What causes pest outbreaks

What Causes Pest Outbreaks?

Alien invasive species

Disrupted environments

Pesticide resistance

Local invasions

Perceptions

Others causes?


Disrupted Environments

1896 in Lobby Pool Room~400 people incorporated Miami

Miami-Dade County Population 2-3 million


Pesticide resistance

Pesticide Resistance

The (mistaway) system uses a bio-degradable insecticide derived from the chrysanthemum flower called pyrethrum.





Reaction to a New Pest

Alien Invasive Pest

  • Resistant Crop

  • Competitors

  • Natural enemies

  • Resistant varieties

Vulnerable Crop

  • Pesticide program:

  • Application methods

  • Resistance management

  • New pesticides

  • Integrated pest management program:

  • Cultural practices

  • Scouting, Identification of pests and NE

  • Conservation of natural enemies

  • Augmentation of natural enemies

  • Reduced-risk insecticides

  • Resistance management



Potential threats to ipm systems
Potential Threats to IPM Systems

  • Loss of pesticides

  • Offshore competition

  • Damaging weather

  • Population Growth

  • Environmentalism

  • Government “assistance”


Potential threats to ipm systems1
Potential Threats to IPM Systems

  • Food borne illnesses

  • Land availability and use

  • Labor and immigration

  • Water quality and quantity

  • Higher operating costs (fuel)

  • New plant pests and diseases


http://ipm.ifas.ufl.edu

IPM Floridaprovides statewide, interdisciplinary and inter-unit coordination and assistance for UF/IFAS integrated pest management research Extension and education faculty


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