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Thomas Paine: Architect of Cooperative Individualism. A Presentation on the Life and Legacy of the 18 th Century’s Most Remarkable Champion of Liberty. Edward J. Dodson, M.L.A. Director, School of Cooperative Individualism www.cooperativeindividualism.org. Who was Thomas Paine?.

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Thomas paine architect of cooperative individualism

Thomas Paine: Architect of Cooperative Individualism

A Presentation on the Life and Legacy of the 18th Century’s Most Remarkable Champion of Liberty

Edward J. Dodson, M.L.A.

Director, School of Cooperative Individualism

www.cooperativeindividualism.org


Who was thomas paine
Who was Thomas Paine?

  • Born, “Thomas Pain” in Thetford, England, in 1737

  • Father was a member of the Society of Friends and a staymaker by profession

  • Mother was a member of the Church of England


Arrival in north america
Arrival in North America

  • 1774 -- Leaves England, arriving in New York, then to Philadelphia in the fall

  • 1774 – Calls on Richard Bache, Ben Franklin’s son-in-law

  • 1775 – Obtains position as editor of the Pennsylvania Magazine


Paine takes sides
Paine Takes Sides

  • 1775 – In conflict with his publisher, Paine leaves the Pennsylvania Magazine

  • 1775 – He concludes the Colonials must separate from the British empire. In October, at the suggestion of Benjamin Rush, he begins to write a pamphlet in defense of the break with Britain

Benjamin Rush


Common sense
Common Sense

  • Published in 1776

  • 47 page pamphlet that denounced King George II as a royal brute

  • Sold a half-million copies


Common sense1
Common Sense

  • English radicals make sure their countrymen get to read Paine’s courageous pamphlet


Independence declared but not secured
Independence Declared, but Not Secured

  • 1776 – Paine joins General Nathanael Greene as his aide-de-camp. He takes on the role of war correspondent

1776 – December – The first “crisis” paper is written and spread thru the colonies


Diplomacy
Diplomacy

  • 1781 – Paine accompanies John Laurens to France in an effort to secure French naval support and additional financial assistance

John Laurens


The rights of man
The Rights of Man

  • 1791 – Paine’s response to Burke is completed in February and a few hundred copies are printed and sold. British authorities threaten the publisher, and all unsold copies are recalled.


More rights of man
More Rights of Man

  • Paine asks why people form societies, then answers the question himself


And some believe god
… and, some believe, God

  • Paine’s final years are taken over in the defense of his “deist” spiritual beliefs

  • 1804 – Writes an essay critical of missionaries who used the Bible to proselytize among the indigenous peoples of North America

  • 1804 on – Writes many letters and essays published in deist journals


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