Swedish gains activities status report march 2009
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Swedish GAINS activities – Status report March 2009. John Munthe IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd Stefan Åström Mohammed Belhaj Jenny Arnell Maria Lindblad. IAM activities at IVL. GAINS Sweden Potential control strategies in the transport sector

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Swedish gains activities status report march 2009

Swedish GAINS activities – Status report March 2009

John Munthe

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd

Stefan ÅströmMohammed BelhajJenny ArnellMaria Lindblad


Iam activities at ivl
IAM activities at IVL

  • GAINS Sweden

  • Potential control strategies in the transport sector

  • Energy saving potential in the housing sector

  • Cooperation with Russia, Belarus and Ukraine

  • Nordic Low Emission Scenarios


Gains sweden
GAINS Sweden

  • On-going work to to adapt/modify GAINS to national users and national needs

  • Hardware, software, database access – on-going development in cooperation with IIASA

  • Planned activities:- Translation-comparison of emission inventories and projections with national data- Demand side control strategies in the transport sector- Evaluation of national scenarios for bioenergy- Evaluation of new health and ecosystem impact endpoints

  • NIAM Web site – running but low level maintenance and updating


Demand side control strategies in the transport sector
Demand side control strategies in the transport sector

  • Continued evaluation of effects of:- increased use of biofuels- smaller cars- longer trucks- road taxes, fuel taxes, congestion charges

  • Potential cooperation with Chalmers Univ of Technology using energy system model MARKAL (including transport sector).


Current activities demand side control options the household service sector
Current activities - Demand side control options- the Household & Service sector

  • The household sector is one of the largest energy consumers in Europe and Sweden

  • Currently, the household sector use ~40% of its energy to heat buildings

  • Reduced demand of energy needed for heating & appliances will save energy and reduce emissions of air pollutants as well as greenhouse gases

  • Data collection and evaluation

  • GAINS modelling by IIASA


Example of results energy demand in housing sector in sweden
Example of results – energy demand in housing sector in Sweden

Reduction potential if the current

building refurbishing rate is doubled


Cooperation with russia belarus ukraine
Cooperation with Russia, Belarus, Ukraine Sweden

  • Bilateral cooperation with these countries (and IIASA) to support the implementation of air pollution policies following CLRTAP standards

  • First stage Russia:

    • Economic activity inventory,

    • Emission inventory Leningrad Oblast,

    • Implementation in the online GAINS model,


Scarp the swedish clean air research programme
SCARP – The Swedish Clean Air Research Programme Sweden

  • Research Programme Funded by Swedish Environmental Protection Agency

  • Programme Director: Peringe Grennfelt

  • 4 sub projects:- Particles – Lead partner: Hans Christen Hansson, ITM- Health – Lead Partner: Göran Pershagen, KI- Ecosystems – Lead Partner IVL- Integrated Assessment Modelling – Lead Partner IVL

  • Phase 1 ends in 2009

  • New proposal for Phase 2 2010-2012


Scarp ecosystems
SCARP Ecosystems Sweden

  • Focussed on nitrogen dynamics and impacts

  • Experimental N- additions to forest soils, investigation of impact on ground vegetation species composition, n-accumulation and n-leaching.

  • Model development and application (MAGIC, ForSAFE, Simple Mass Balance Model).

  • Main results from Phase 1:-Experimental data for process understanding and model development-Model applications e.g. ForSAFE Veg applied to species composition in nitrogen fertilised forest soils; new concepts for clriticalloads of N; SMBM for national upscaling of risks for N-leaching


Scarp health impacts
SCARP Health impacts Sweden

  • Main focus to assess health effects related to short- and long term exposure to ambient air pollution relevant for the Nordic countries. Particular emphasis is put on effects associated with exposure to particles from sources such as road traffic, local wood burning and long range transport

  • Main results in Phase 1: Transport emissions impacts on lung function, focussed on children; Road dust and wood smoke particles, short term impacts, mechanisms; Cardio-vascular effects of air pollution; cohorts, panels, individuals.


Scarp particles
SCARP Particles Sweden

  • Main focus is to give significant contributions to the understanding of the behaviour of particles in the atmosphere and the quantification of source-receptor relationships through measurements, data evaluation and modelling.

  • Main results in phase 1:- Improved understanding of mechanisms for secondary PM formation and parameterisation for modelling. Implementation in EMEP and MATCH models on-going.- Emission inventories for particles.


Scarp phase 2 iam plans
SCARP phase 2 – IAM plans Sweden

  • Integrate results from particle, health and ecosystem research – new end-points for health and ecosystem impacts

  • Evaluation of Swedish (and European) scenarios for renewable energy

  • Evaluation of Swedish (and European) scenarios for transport sector including new control strategies, taxes, fees etc.


Contacts IVL IAM team Sweden John Munthe, [email protected] Åström, [email protected] Belhaj, [email protected] Arnell, [email protected] Lindblad, [email protected]


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