Years of Crisis, 1918-23. HI136, History of Germany Lecture 6. Did 1918 mark a break from the 19 th century? How revolutionary were the events of 1918? What compromises led to birth of the parliamentary republic?
HI136, History of Germany
Philipp Scheidemann (marked by the cross) proclaims the formation of the German Republic from the window of the Reichstag, 9 November 1918
Street fighting in Berlin, January 1919
Bavarian Revolution …Revolution in Bavaria
… And his assassin, the 22 year old Anton Graf
von Arco auf Valley (1897-1945)
Above:The war. Revolutionary leaders Ernst Toller and Eugene Levine.
Below: Freikorpsentering Munich, May 1919Revolution in Bavaria
Source: John Traynor, Europe 1890-1990 (1993)
Left: Freikorps distribute leaflets in Berlin, March 1920
Right: Wolfgang Kapp, figurehead of the Kapp Putsch
Left: Left-wing unsurgents during the Ruhr Uprising, March 1920
Right: Soldiers killed in action during the uprising.
Defendants at the treason trial following the
Munich Beer Hall Pustsch. Ludendorff is in
The centre. Hitler is on his left.