Chapter 4 . FEDERALISM. Defining Federalism . What is Federalism? Definition: A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the land and people. Intergovernmental Relations-
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The Constitution outlines the powers and responsibilities of both the federal government and the states. In addition, the Constitution assigns the federal courts an important role in resolving conflicts among the different levels of government.
POWERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT:
The U.S. Federal government holds three types of powers:
1. expressed- the powers that the Constitution expressly grants to the federal government.
2. implied- powers that are suggested by the expressed powers.
3. inherent- powers that naturally belong to any government of a sovereign nation.
Reserved Powers- are not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. However, according to the 10th Amendment- the powers that the Constitution does not give to the federal government nor specifically forbid the to the states “are reserved to the states…or to the people”.
Concurrent Powers- those that the Constitution neither grants exclusively to the federal government nor denies to the states.
**Don’t forget about powers denied to the Federal Government, State Government, and Both! What Amendment’s ?!!
**Don’t forget about the 3 main responsibilities the Federal government has and the responsibilities that state governments have to the Federal governments. Look in your notes!! You just may see this on the test!!!
The framers knew that the system of government they created might lead to conflicts between the federal and state governments. How did the framers solve this problem?
Article III of the Constitution gives the judicial branch the authority to hear cases involving the Constitution, U.S. laws, and disputes among the states. Thus, the judicial branch has the authority to act as referee between the federal and the states.