BASIC NEEDS (70s)

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# BASIC NEEDS (70s) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

BASIC NEEDS (70s). CAPABILITIES (80s). Entitlements. Disposable money income. Social income. Personal characteristics. Capability set. Choices. Choices. BN goods and services. BN goods and services. Metaproduction function. Characteristics of goods. Decent life characteristics.

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BASIC NEEDS (70s)

CAPABILITIES (80s)

Entitlements

Disposable money income

Social income

Personal characteristics

Capability set

Choices

Choices

BN goods and services

BN goods and services

Metaproduction function

Characteristics of goods

Decent life characteristics

Functionings

Life Expectancy Index = (Life Expectancy – 25)/(85 – 25);

Education Index = 2/3 * (Adult Literacy Rate – 0 )/(100 – 0) +

1/3 * (Gross Enrolment Ratio – 0 )/(100 – 0);

GDP (PPP) Index = [Log (GDP) – Log (100)] / [Log (40,000) – Log (100)]

Goalpost are set arbitrarily as follows and kept fixed for comparability purposes

GDI same dimensions as HDI, but calculating EQUALLY DISTRIBUTED EQUIVALENT INDEXES

Each of the 3 indexes is computed separately for female and male, according to the previous method, they are then aggregated to form the 3 Equally Distributed Equivalent Indexes, according to this formula.

ε is the degree of inequality aversion, and gives the size of penalty for gender inequality, if ε = 0 gender inequality is not penalized, while the greater its value the more penalization. In the Human Development Report ε = 2

The 3 Equally Distributed Equivalent Indexes so far calculated are then aggregated into the GDI as an unweighted average (that is in the same procedure as for the HDI).

GEM obtained aggegating the EQUALLY DISTRIBUTED EQUIVALENT PERCENTAGES over 3 dimensions:

• Parliamentary share
• Share of positions as legislator and senior officials, as well as share of professional and technical positions
• Estimated earned income (PPP)

The interpretation and definition of εis similar to the one given for the GDI.

The 3 Equally Distributed Equivalent Percentages calculated under the above methodology are then aggregated into the GEM as an unweighted average (that is in the same procedure as for the HDI).

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS

INCOME

MDG 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

 2 TARGETS  5 INDICATORS

MDG 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

 1 TARGET  3 INDICATORS

MDG 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women  1 TARGET  4 INDICATORS

MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality  1 TARGET  3 INDICATORS

MDG 5: Improve Maternal Health

 1 TARGET  2 INDICATORS

MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases  2 TARGET  7 INDICATORS

MDG 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

 3 TARGETS  8 INDICATORS

MDG 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development  7 TARGET  16 INDICATORS

EDUCATION

HEALTH

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

PARTNERSHIP