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Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom www.wenstrom.org. Thursday October 28, 2010 Jonah: Jonah 2:9-Jonah Vows To Fulfill His Promise To Offer A Sacrifice To The Lord With A Song Of Thanksgiving And Affirms That Salvation Belongs To Him Lesson # 33.

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Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom www wenstrom org

Wenstrom Bible MinistriesMarion, IowaPastor-Teacher Bill Wenstromwww.wenstrom.org


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Thursday October 28, 2010Jonah: Jonah 2:9-Jonah Vows To Fulfill His Promise To Offer A Sacrifice To The Lord With A Song Of Thanksgiving And Affirms That Salvation Belongs To HimLesson # 33


Please turn in your bibles to jonah 2 1

Please turn in your Bibles to Jonah 2:1.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

This evening, we will note Jonah 2:9 and in this verse, Jonah vows to fulfill his promise to offer a sacrifice to the Lord and publicly praise him and affirms that salvation belongs to Him.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah 2:1, “Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the stomach of the fish, 2 and he said, ‘I called out of my distress to the Lord, and He answered me. I cried for help from the depth of Sheol; You heard my voice.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

3 ‘For You had cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the current engulfed me. All Your breakers and billows passed over me.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

4 So I said, ‘I have been expelled from Your sight. Nevertheless I will look again toward Your holy temple.’


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

5 Water encompassed me to the point of death. The great deep engulfed me, weeds were wrapped around my head.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

6 I descended to the roots of the mountains. The earth with its bars was around me forever, but You have brought up my life from the pit, O Lord my God.


7 while i was fainting away i remembered the lord and my prayer came to you into your holy temple

7 While I was fainting away, I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came to You, into Your holy temple.


8 those who regard vain idols forsake their faithfulness

8 Those who regard vain idols forsake their faithfulness,


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

9 but I will sacrifice to You with the voice of thanksgiving. That which I have vowed I will pay. Salvation is from the Lord.’” (NASU)


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

“But I will sacrifice to You” is a disjunctive clause that contrasts the idolaters mentioned in verse 8 with Jonah who worships the Lord.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

“But I will sacrifice to You” is composed of the conjunction wa (וָ) (wa), “but” and the first person singular pronomial suffix ǎnî (אֲנִי) (an-ee), “I” and the first person singular qal cohortative active imperfect form of the verb zā∙ḇǎḥ (זָבַח) (zaw-bakh), “sacrifice” and the preposition le (לְ), “to” and the second person masculine singular form of the pronomial suffix ʾǎt∙tā(h) (אַתָּה) (aw-thaw), “You.”


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The first person singular pronomial suffix ǎnî, “I” refers of course to Jonah and is setting Jonah himself in contrast to idolaters by emphasizing that he offers a sacrifice to the Lord with thanksgiving.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The verb zā∙ḇǎḥ means “to offer a sacrifice” by killing an animal as an act of worship and is used with Jonah offering Yahweh a sacrifice by killing an animal as an act of worshipping Him.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

This verb was used in Jonah 1:16 of the crew vowing to Yahweh to offer Him a sacrifice for sparing their lives as a collective act of worship.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

In both instances, both the crew and Jonah offer sacrifices to Yahweh in response to His saving their lives.


It is a response to the mercy and grace that yahweh bestowed upon them for sparing their lives

It is a response to the mercy and grace that Yahweh bestowed upon them for sparing their lives.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

This worship of the Lord by the Phoenician crew and Jonah through offering animal sacrifices was the appropriate response by them to the manifestation of the Lord’s grace and mercy as well as His omnipotence and sovereign rulership over creation.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah’s response to the Lord for delivering him from drowning by designating a great fish to swallow him was to possess an attitude of deep respect and awe for Him.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The prophet’s response to the Lord for delivering him from drowning by designating a great fish to swallow him was to esteem the excellence of the Person of God.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah’s response to the Lord for delivering him from drowning by designating a great fish to swallow him was to possess an overwhelming feeling of reverence, admiration for the Lord.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

His response to the Lord for delivering him from drowning by designating a great fish to swallow him was one of being filled with admiration, amazement and awe.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The prophet’s response to the Lord for delivering him from drowning by designating a great fish to swallow him reached right into his heart and shook him up and enriched his life.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The Lord saving him from drowning by designating a great fish to swallow him overwhelmed him with an emotion that was a mixture of gratitude, adoration, reverence, fear and love for the Lord.


Jonah wasn t looking for explanations since he was lost in the wonder of god

Jonah wasn’t looking for explanations since he was lost in the wonder of God.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Therefore, Jonah offered a sacrifice to the Lord in order to approach Him to worship Him in the sense that he was manifesting an attitude of deep reverence, respect and awe of the Lord for saving his life with such a magnificent display of His power and sovereign rulership over creation.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Therefore, when Jonah offered a sacrifice to the Lord, he was worshipping Him and expressing his thanks to Him for saving his life by designating a great fish to swallow him.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah 2:9, “But I will sacrifice to You with the voice of thanksgiving. That which I have vowed I will pay. Salvation is from the Lord.’” (NASU)


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

With the voice of thanksgiving” is composed of the preposition be (בְּ) (beth), “with” and the masculine singular construct form of the noun qôl (קֹול) (kole), “the voice of” and the feminine singular form of the noun tô∙ḏā(h) (תֹּודָה) (to-daw), “thanksgiving.”


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The noun tô∙ḏā(h) means “thanksgiving” or “gratitude” specifying the type of public declaration that will accompany Jonah’s sacrifice.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The noun qôl means “song” since the word functions as a metonymy of cause for effect meaning that the content of what the voice produces, i.e. hymns of praise or declarative praise testifying to God’s deliverance.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The preposition be is a marker of accompaniment indicating that Jonah’s sacrifice of an animal would be accompanied by a song of thanksgiving to the Lord for sparing his life.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

In Old Testament Israel, formal expressions of thanks which Jonah speaks about were made at the Temple and prior to this structure, the Tabernacle.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

As a thank offering, tô∙ḏā(h) was one of the fellowship offerings mentioned in Leviticus 7:12-15 and 22:29.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Along with the words of the thank offering, the worshiper was to bring food in the form of cakes of both leavened and unleavened bread, unleavened wafers, cakes of fine flour and meat.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

These would be eaten with the priest in the presence of the Lord and all of the meat was to be eaten on the day it was offered (see 2 Chronicles 29:31; 33:16; Psalm 50:14, 23; 107:22; 116:17).


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The tô∙ḏā(h) was more than an offering in that it was also a song of praise (2 Chronicles 29:31; Nehemiah 12:27; Psalm 42:4; 69:30; 95:2; 100:4; 147:7; Isaiah 51:3; Jeremiah 30:19).


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah 2:9, “But I will sacrifice to You with the voice of thanksgiving. That which I have vowed I will pay. Salvation is from the Lord.’” (NASU)


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

“That which I have vowed I will pay” is composed of the relative particle ʾǎšěr (אֲשֶׁר) (ash-er), “that which” and the first person singular qal active perfect form of the verb nā∙ḏǎr (נָדַר) (naw-dar), “I have vowed” and the first person singular piel active cohortative form of the verb šā∙lēm (שָׁלֵם) (shaw-lam), “I will pay.”


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The verb nā∙ḏǎr means “to make a vow” referring to making a binding promise to the Lord and refers to the act of voluntarily and verbally dedicating and devoting oneself to the service of the Lord.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

It appeared in Jonah 1:16 for the crew earnestly vowing to offer a sacrifice to the Lord and here in Jonah 2:9, it is used of course of Jonah making a vow.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The context indicates that it would be offering a sacrifice in the Temple accompanied by a song of thanksgiving for his deliverance.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

This relative clause is actually epexegetical indicating the sacrifices to be offered are the ones Jonah vowed in the first clause that appears in Jonah 2:9, “But in direct contrast, I myself will offer a sacrifice with a song of thanksgiving.”


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

In Jonah 2:9, the verb šā∙lēm means “I will fulfill” and refers to performing that which Jonah promised to do, which was to offer a sacrifice in the Temple accompanied by a public declaration in the form of a song of thanksgiving to Yahweh for delivering him from drowning.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

“Salvation is from the Lord” is composed of the feminine singular form of the noun yešû∙ʿā(h) (יְשׁוּעָה) (yesh-oo-aw), “salvation” and the preposition le (לְ), “from” and the masculine singular form of the proper noun Yahweh (יהוה) (yeh-ho-vaw), “Lord.”


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The noun yešû∙ʿā(h) means “deliverance” from physical death and speaks of Jonah’s deliverance from drowning when the Lord sent a great fish to swallow him.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The proper noun Yahweh, “Lord” is the covenant-keeping personal name of God used in connection with man’s salvation and is emphasizing that Jonah possessed a covenant relationship with God.


It expresses jonah s conviction and experience that god is his deliverer from death

It expresses Jonah’s conviction and experience that God is His deliverer from death.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The word is the object of the preposition le which denotes possession indicating that deliverance from physical death “belongs to” the Lord.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah’s declaration that “salvation belongs to the Lord” ends this psalm of thanksgiving and summarizes the song’s theme and echoes Jonah chapter one since both chapters end with vows of sacrifice.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

At the end of chapter one, we have the Gentile crew vowing to offer a sacrifice to the Lord for delivering them from death and here we have Jonah doing the same.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

The fact that the Lord delivered these pagan idolaters from death and not just Jonah was to teach Israel who read this book that God is the God of the Gentiles and not just Israel as Paul taught in Romans 3:29.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Jonah was being taught along with Israel that God will save whomever He chooses to whether Jew or Gentile as Paul also taught in Romans 9:14.


The lord is rebuking jonah and israel s racial bigotry towards the gentiles

The Lord is rebuking Jonah and Israel’s racial bigotry towards the Gentiles.


Wenstrom bible ministries marion iowa pastor teacher bill wenstrom wenstrom

Salvation whether spiritual or physical is not exclusive to Israel but is available to the Gentile as well as long as they turn to the Lord in faith.


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