Download

Strategic Starting Points of the Sustainable Development: Between Global Harmony and Local Technologies






Advertisement
/ 13 []
Download Presentation
Comments
yanka
From:
|  
(649) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 78 | Added: 04-08-2012
Rate Presentation: 0 0
Description:
Izabela Kopaniszyn Jagiellonian University Krakow Collegium Medicum Medical Faculty Department of Sociology of Medicine Michał Siciński AGH University of Technology and Science Krakow Faculty of Applied Social Sciences Department of Philosophy.
Strategic Starting Points of the Sustainable Development: Between Global Harmony and Local Technologies

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




Slide 1

Izabela Kopaniszyn Jagiellonian University KrakowCollegium MedicumMedical FacultyDepartment of Sociology of MedicineMichał Siciński AGH University of Technology and ScienceKrakow Faculty of Applied Social SciencesDepartment of Philosophy

Slide 2

Strategic Starting Points of the Sustainable Development: Between Global Harmony and Local Technologies

Slide 3

1. Concepts of the Universal Harmony

East

Tao – the Taoism (China)

Brahman – the Hinduism (India)

West

Arche – the Ionic School

Melody of numbers and figures – the Pythagoreans school

Logos (the Word)–Heraclite, Preface of the John’s Evangelium

2. Concepts of the Human Activeness

West

Fill the Earth and subdue it

– the Old Testament (Gen. 1: 28)

The human - a Crown of the Creation

  • East

  • Act on the way that you have posessed the Tao

  • the Confucian Dialoques

  • The Human – an Element of the Universum

Slide 4

3. Understanding the Laws of Naturestatical harmonies: geometry – the Pythagoreans, Euclidmechanical statics – Archimedesastronomy – Ptolemeo, Copernicusdynamical processes:mechanics – Newtonelectrodynamics – Maxwellchemistry, cosmology, biology, etc.

Dynamical processes and equilibriums replace statical harmonies

Slide 5

4. Understanding the Laws of SocietyThe Ideal State of Society:

Natural:

the Lost Paradisethe Golden Agethe Savages’ Happiness

Deliberated:

the Plato’s State

The More’s Utopia

The Utopian Socialism

The synthetical aproaches:

Statical – Confucius

Dynamical – Hegel, Marx

So far the nature and the ecology are absent in social thinking

Slide 6

5. Understanding of the Universum:Nature + Society + Human Individuals

In the point 2. a very simple scheme was suggested:

mutual dependency (East)

NatureIndividuals

harmony

domination (West)

NatureIndividuals

exploitation

Slide 7

5.1. In the point 4. a slightly more complex scheme was suggested:

acceptance

harmony

Society Individuals

contestation

static/dynamic passive/active

repression/contestation

Society Individuals

destructure/ new construction

Slide 8

5.2. And below, we suggest a still more complex scheme:

Society

Socio-economical structures

Nature Technology Individuals

Social consciousness (culture)

Each line indicates relationships between particular spheres regarded as friendly or hostile, dominating or subornatory, static or dynamic, passive or active.

The particular approaches to the environmental and techno-economical problems deal only with some of them, as for example the schemes 5. and 5.1. which are special cases of 5.2. To apply a more general approach, one must consider more of relationships as pointed out above.

Slide 9

The way of understanding what does it mean (friendly/hostile, dominating/ subordinatory etc.) in particular cases, depends on approaches which vary between: the Eastern and Western religious, ethical and philosophical traditions, the different types of society (open/closed, traditional/liberal, authoritarian/democratic) as well as the different scientific paradigmes and methodologies, and especially the different technological cultures.

Slide 10

Manifestations of the Universumstatical dynamicalevolutionary revolutionary

Each kind of the manifestation depends on the optimal level of the balance between particular elements, which can be described by a certain function, continous or discontinous one.

A significant discontinuity can cause a revolutionary change such as: technological revolutions, socio-political revolutions, ecological disasters, etc.

A system characterised by the continous funcions is evolutionary, and below a certain level of their variableness it can be qualified as static.

Slide 11

Examples:- the authoritarian macrosocial structures are considered as individual-friendly in the Confucian Asian tradition but as individual-hostile one in the liberal European tradition- the lifestyle of an Indian ascete is considered as extremely passive in the European indvidual-expansive tradition but as highly active one in the Asian contemplative tradition - the reductionist mechanistical approach was considered as dynamical one in biology of a half of XX’th Century but as static one in biology of the verge of XXI’st Century- the nuclear energetic technologies were considered as not nature-hostile in 1950ties but as nature-hostile by the collective consciousness after 1986

Slide 12

Many faults, theoretical and practical, within ecological researches and environmental movements, origin from a lack of understanding of their own background: historical, ethnical, philosophical etc.Limitations of neglecting of this fact are well known and recently disputed in the sphere of international policies, e.g. the war in Iraq. This is not so obvious, however, in the more general discourse which includes relationships between nature, society and individuals as it was pointed out at the scheme 5.2.That is why wilder approaches of the integral ecology, although they apperar, are not commonly considered.Integral ecology is a contemporary field of ecology that emphasizes the existence of multiple valid perspectives, including both scientific and philosophical perspectives. The most prominent figure in the area is philosopher Michael Zimmerman.

Slide 13

Four Strategic Starting Points of the Sustainable Development:1. A sythesis of different approaches (applied in practical legislations and programs).2. Models including both: nature + society (in different combinations).3. A clear hierarchy of values (e.g.based on quality or quantity features) .4. A clear definition (and understanding) of themeaning of „social development”.


Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro