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City, date Title to be decided on Jürgen Resch Executive Director of Deutsche Umwelthilfe (NGO) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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City, date Title to be decided on Jürgen Resch Executive Director of Deutsche Umwelthilfe (NGO). Overview. Who is Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) and what does it do?

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City date title to be decided on j rgen resch executive director of deutsche umwelthilfe ngo

City, date

Title to be decided on

Jürgen ReschExecutive Director of Deutsche Umwelthilfe (NGO)


Overview

Overview

  • Who is Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) and what does it do?

  • Main findings of the study „Reuse and Recycling Systems for Selected Beverage Packaging from a Sustainability Perspective” carried out by PwC

  • Fairytales and real facts about deposit systems


Who is deutsche umwelthilfe duh and what does it do

Who is Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) and what does it do?


Deutsche umwelthilfe duh

Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH)

  • Independent non-governmental organization

  • Nature and consumer protection

  • Founded in 1975

  • 85 employees

  • Classical nature protection projects and policy campaigns

    • Deposit systems for beverage packaging

    • High standards for recycling (WEEE, packaging etc.)

    • Low sulfur fuels

    • Renewable energy


City date title to be decided on j rgen resch executive director of deutsche umwelthilfe ngo

Main findings of the study „Reuse and Recycling Systems for Selected Beverage Packaging from a Sustainability Perspective” carried out by PwC


Why another study about deposit systems

Why another study about deposit systems?

  • A lot of studies regarding deposit systems with false data and unrealistic assumptions – and thus wrong conclusions – on the market

  • Certain industrial sectors (e.g. big beverage producers like Coca-Cola, retailers and waste management companies) have commissioned tainted studies arguing against deposit systems

  • Most available studies focus either on environmental or on economic aspects of collection and recycling systems for beverage packaging


Taking stock of the past taking reality into account pwc study on deposit systems

Taking stock of the past, taking reality into account: PwC study on deposit systems

  • Reuse and Recycling Systems for Selected Beverage Packaging from a Sustainability PerspectiveAn analysis of the ecological, economic and social effects of reuse and recycling systems and approaches to solutions for further development

  • Commissioned by the independent NGO Deutsche Umwelthilfe

  • DUH as Carried out by the auditing and consulting organization PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC)

  • For the first time a sustainability check on systems for collection and recycling of beverage containers


A global pwc team effort

A global PwC team effort

PwC Germany

Dieter W. Horst

Miriam Scherf

Jens Brodersen

PwCPoland

Agnieszka Rum

PwC UK

Henry le Fleming

PwC Japan

Akira Hayakawa

PwC USA

Alexandre Rossin

PwC Spain

MariluzCastilla

PwC Austria

Philipp Gaggl

PwCAustralia

Kerryn Schrank


Scope of the pwc study

Scope of the PwC study

  • Three different systems for collection and recycling

    • Refillable bottles (with deposit)

    • One-way (single use) beverage containers with deposit

    • One-way beverage containers in curbside collection systems (no deposit)

  • Different kind of beverage packaging

    • Glas bottles (refillable and one-way)

    • PET bottles (refillable and one-way)

    • Beverage cans

    • Beverage cartons


Evaluation model in the pwc study

Evaluation model in the PwC study

  • 10 ecological impact categories with 16 indicators; e.g.

    • Resource and material use

    • Collection and recycling rates

  • 8 economic impact categories with 19 indicators; e.g.

    • System costs and revenues

    • Impacts on businesses and competition

  • 6 social impact categories with 9 indicators; e.g.

    • Employment

    • Implementation of producer responsibility


Main findings of the pwc study

Main findings of the PwC study

  • Refillable systems are more sustainable than one-way systems

  • Deposit systems are more sustainable than curbside collection of beverage containers

  • Deposit systems for beverage containers enable higher collection rates and better recycling

  • Deposit system for one-way beverage containers is not necessarily more expensive than curbside collection

  • Deposit system for one-way beverage containers is more cost efficient than curbside collection

  • Deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well


Pwc deposit achieve much higher collection and recycling rates than curbside collection

PwC: Deposit achieve much higher collection and recycling rates than curbside collection

  • Collection rate for PET one-way bottles with deposit in Germany

100%

Put on the market:100%

Collected (including rests and adhesions):99%

Net collected (without rests and adhesions):99%

Recycling rate (put on the market):99%

Open-Loop- Recycling (put on the market):NaN

50%

Closed-Loop- Recycling:NaN

Source: PwC, 2011


Pwc deposit achieve much higher collection and recycling rates than curbside collection1

PwC: Deposit achieve much higher collection and recycling rates than curbside collection

  • Collection rate for PET one-way bottles in curbside collection system in Germany

Collection rate about half compared to deposit system

100%

Put on the market:100%

Recycling rate less than a third compared to deposit system

Collected (including rests and adhesions:64−80 %

50%

Net collected (without rests and adhesions):43−54 %

Energy recovery (put on market): 18−23 %

Open-Loop-Recycling (put on market):25−31%

Recycling rate (put on market): 25-31 %

Source: PwC, 2011


Pwc deposit systems enables not only more but also better recycling

PwC: Deposit systems enables not only more, but also better recycling

  • In the deposit system all collected materials are recycled (high quality = high value = 100% recycling)

    • “Clear” PET from deposit system: 600-700 AUD / tonne

    • “Colored” PET from deposit system: 370-450 AUD / tonne

  • The materials collected in the curbside collection are only partly recycled. The rest is either incinerated or landfilled.

  • Bottle-to-bottle recycling is only made with PET bottles from the deposit systems

  • The quality of the PET from the curbside collection is not good enough to enable bottle-to-bottle recycling (mixed materials, impurities, adhesions etc.)


Pwc deposit systems are not more expensive than curbside collection

PwC: Deposit systems are not more expensive than curbside collection

  • “In an economic comparison of German return systems for single-use beverage containers – the mandatory deposit system and the [curbside collection] system – it has been determined that it is not possible to make any general statement about which is the more cost-intensive system. While earlier analyses arrived at the finding that the deposit system gives rise to higher costs, current data indicates that, taking costs and revenues into account, developments are tending to favour mandatory deposit systems and that participation in a deposit system can be less costly than participation in a [curbside collection] system.”


Pwc deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well 1 3

PwC: Deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well 1(3)

  • “In Germany, the mandatory deposit system is proving to be a meaningful measure for supporting the political targets (promotion of ecologically beneficial beverage packaging, high return rates, high recycling rates, less littering), and in practice is thus a meaningful supplement to the [curbsidecollection] system for the beverage packaging segment.”


Pwc deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well 2 3

PwC: Deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well 2(3)

  • “In many countries, [curbsidecollection] systems (also for taking back and recovering beverage containers) have already been introduced to varying extents. If the recycling rate and, in particular, the bottle-to-bottle recycling rate is to be increased, it is recommended that a deposit system for beverage containers be additionally introduced.”


Pwc deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well 3 3

PwC: Deposit systems and curbside collection can coexist very well 3(3)

  • “Mandatory deposit systems and [curbside collection] systems for single-use beverage containers are aimed in part at different segments. [Curbside collection] systems are primarily targeted at household use. However, a significant proportion of beverage packaging, in particular, is used outside the home. [Curbside collection] systems usually cover this packaging only to a limited extent, whereas the deposit system also covers consumption outside the home due to the financial incentive provided. Consequently, the two systems supplement one another and can co-exist very well.”


Fairytales and real facts about deposit systems

Fairytales and real facts about deposit systems


Always the same story classic opponents to deposit fight dirty with made up arguments

Always the same story: Classic opponents to deposit fight dirty with made-up arguments

  • Large beverage producers (Coca Cola, Carlsberg & Co.)

    • A principally ideological fight

  • Packaging industry (can and PET bottle manufacturers)

    • Also a principally ideological fight, although single companies favor deposits as a way of securing secondary raw materials (e.g. US aluminum industry)

  • Operators of curbside collection systems

    • Financial interest to “keep” materials in the curbside collection

  • Retailers

    • Roused by beverage producers and packaging industry

    • Fear of additional costs and take back obligation in stores


Fairytale deposit schemes reduce sales volumes

Fairytale: “Deposit schemes reduce sales volumes”

  • Beverage producers argue that they will loose markets and sales volumes if a deposit is introduced

  • Beverage producers also use this argument to convince retailers to oppose deposit systems

  • The fairytale is often backed up by misleading sales data from the introduction of the German deposit


Fairytale deposit schemes reduce sales volumes1

Fairytale: “Deposit schemes reduce sales volumes”

  • Beverage producers argue that they will loose markets and sales volumes if a deposit is introduced

  • Beverage producers also use this argument to convince retailers to oppose deposit systems

  • The fairytale is often backed up by misleading sales data from the introduction of the German deposit

Lie detector:

NOT TRUE

Fact:Sales of different beverages vary over time – but not depending on a deposit


Beer sales in germany before and after the introduction of deposit 2003

Beer sales in Germany before and after the introduction of deposit 2003

Sales volume in 1.000 liter

Beer sales were going down before the deposit

Introduction of deposit on beer

Source: GVM/UBA 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011


Water sales in germany before and after the introduction of deposit 2003

Water sales in Germany before and after the introduction of deposit 2003

Single largest increase in sales (+9%) since 1994 in the year of the deposit introduction

Sales volume in 1.000 liter

Water sales were going up before the deposit

Introduction of deposit on water

Source: GVM/UBA 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011


Fairytale there is no guarantee that collection is increased with a deposit

Fairytale: “There is no guarantee that collection is increased with a deposit”

  • Opponents of deposit systems argue – particularly in countries with existing curbside collection – that it is going to be hard or impossible to increase the already achieved collection rates and that a deposit system would be is a wild card without guarantee.


Fairytale there is no guarantee that collection is increased with a deposit1

Fairytale: “There is no guarantee that collection is increased with a deposit”

  • Opponents of deposit systems argue – particularly in countries with existing curbside collection – that it is going to be hard or impossible to increase the already achieved collection rates and that a deposit system would be is a wild card without guarantee.

Lie detector:

NOT TRUE

Fact:Deposit systems always bring high collection rates – the higher the deposit the higher the collection rate. No other system can compete – neither in quantity, nor in quality.


Deposit fees and collection rates

Deposit fees and collection rates


Fairytale deposit systems turns retail stores into waste bins

Fairytale: “Deposit systems turns retail stores into waste bins”

  • Retailers are told and made believe by opponents of deposit systems, that their stores will be flooded with waste because of the deposit, that their stores will look messy and that their customers will go elsewhere.


Fairytale deposit systems turn retail stores into waste bins

Fairytale: “Deposit systems turn retail stores into waste bins”

  • Retailers are told and made believe by opponents of deposit systems, that their stores will be flooded with waste because of the deposit, that their stores will look messy and that their customers will go elsewhere.

Lie detector:

NOT TRUE

Fact:Retailers can use the deposit to attract and bind customers.


Deposit systems offer possibilities to sell more and tie customers closer

Deposit systems offer possibilities to sell more and tie customers closer

  • Retailers often keep return-vending machines in the middle or in the back of the shop in order to lead the customer though the store (getting them to buy something on their way out). This would not be the case if the retailer experiences hygienic or littering problems.

  • 60-80% of the consumers return their bottles and cans where they bought them. This way of binding customers is good for business and another reason why retailers in Germany start to like the deposit system.


Thank you very much for your attention resch@duh de

Thank you very much for your [email protected]


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