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HUMANE Copenhaguen- 21st April. Accessing Scientific Information in the electronic era: a general overview. Summary Context The role of Consortia: a europan overview Key issues for the dissemination of scientific information Open-access & open access repositories.

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HUMANE Copenhaguen- 21st April

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Humane copenhaguen 21st april

HUMANECopenhaguen- 21st April

Accessing Scientific Information in the electronic era:

a general overview

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Humane copenhaguen 21st april

Summary

  • Context

  • The role of Consortia: a europan overview

  • Key issues for the dissemination of scientific information

  • Open-access & open access repositories

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Humane copenhaguen 21st april

Accessing Scientific Information in the electronic era

1- CONTEXT

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Context a continuous serials price increase

Context : A continuous serials price increase

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


A fast growth of electronic resources

A fast growth of electronic resources

Full Text Sources on line/ed. M. B. GLOSE in Information today

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Context

CONTEXT

  • A marketplace dominated by great international companies

  • Global trends in merging :

  • Elsevier=Academic Press, Lexis-Nexis, Cell Press, Beilstein, Masson…

  • Springer-Kluwer Merger (merged in Springer Science+Business Media)

  • Taylor & Francis= Carfax, Routledge, CRC Press, Swets…

    And this is not a good thing for patrons

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Problems

Problems

  • Documentation costs grow faster than library budgets (Publishers charge extra for online access); Even the wealthiest institution cannot purchase access to all the information that all of its researchers require

  • Site-licenses and consortia deals have helped, but mainly in the richest countries

  • Dissatisfaction with the current scholarly communication model : research funded by public grants given to no cost to publishers

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Humane copenhaguen 21st april

Accessing Scientific Information in the electronic era

2- The role of consortia : a european overview

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


The role of consortia in europe

The role ofConsortia in Europe*

Strengths and weaknesses of consortia

Never forget that consortia exist because publishers need them at the moment

Library cooperation and the creation of consortia are directly influenced by :

The political and administrative system in the individual countries

  • The past cooperation experience between libraries

    * Cf. T. Giordano. Library consortia in Europe. Europ. Univ. Institute. Firenze

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Consortia in europe

Consortia in Europe

  • Nordic countries, GB, Germany, Switzerland… :

    Cooperation practice :++

  • More centralized organizations in nordic countries (Finelib), France (Couperin), Great Britain (JISC)...

  • More regional organisations in Germany, Spain, Italy….

  • Status of consortia :

    Generally, a light status (association, plain agreement between libraries…) : a strength (adaptability) a weakness (light legal basis)

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Consortia in europe1

Consortia in Europe

  • FUNDING :

    Many cases :

  • Central Funding (Finland, Sweden, Great Britain…)

  • Cost sharing between members (Italy,France)

  • Support from national organization for some national projects (France: state subsidies for purchasing groups, Germany: DFG, …)

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


The role of consortia in europe1

The role of Consortia in Europe

  • Consortia deal with :

    1- Purchasing and Licensing electronic documentation (buying club activities : All consortia)

    2- Carrying out broader objectives (some consortia) such as:

    Promoting technological cooperation : information systems, portals, Archiving, Digital repositories, open access initiatives…

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Purchasing licensing activity

PURCHASING & LICENSING ACTIVITY

1- KEY ISSUES FOR THE PURCHASING ACTIVITY

  • GETTING BETTER PRICES :

    - Prices increase are far more higher than inflation rate

  • GETTING BETTER PRICING MODELS :

    - Electronic costs still based on paper suscription turn-over

    - How to get out of « Big deals »? Towards more flexibility

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Licensing activity

LICENSING ACTIVITY

WHAT’S LICENSING?

  • Defining the terms of the agreement :

  • The population who access to the information and the way its accesses to it

  • The use of the information

  • The archival rights and their management

  • ILL rights…

  • Legal terms : the language used for the contract and the place of legal contest

    We still have to make progress in this commercial and legal process

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Purchasing licensing activity1

PURCHASING & LICENSING ACTIVITY

What could we do at the european level?

  • Share more information about licensing negotiations (ICOLC)

  • Settle a single agreement with big publishers for several european countries?

    A dream? Transnational deals exist (GRACO)

  • Introducing new conditions for the negotiation towards cancelling print suscription : alternatives to the Big deal

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Humane copenhaguen 21st april

Accessing Scientific Information in the electronic era

3- Key issues for the dissemination of the scientific information

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues

KEY ISSUES

  • LONG TERM ARCHIVING :

  • From a landlord condition to a tenant one : we own print journals, we get access to e-information

  • How archiving the information bought and managing the access rights of many institutions?

  • KLB manage the archives of ScienceDirect, ABES&CINES in France too

    We must include in our contracts additional clauses for long term archiving

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues1

KEY ISSUES

REAPPROPIATING SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION BY RESEARCHERS

DEVELOPPING OPEN-ACCESS SOLUTIONS

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues2

KEY ISSUES

Steps of the open-access movement :

  • 1990 : First free scientific electronic journals

  • 1991 : ArXiv launched by Paul Ginsparg in Los Alamos (2001: Cornell university)

  • 1993 : CERN launched its preprint server

  • 1998 : SPARC launched by ARL

  • 1999 : Open Archive Initiative (Santa Fe meeting)

  • 2000 : Biomed central : 1st free on-line article

  • 2002 : Public Library of Science (PLOS) : 2 OA Jrnls

  • 2003 : DOAJ (2199 on-line free available jrnals in06)

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues3

KEY ISSUES

Steps of the open-access movement (2) :

Declarations :

  • 2002 : Budapest open Access Initiative (BOAI) by the Open society institute

  • 2003 : Bethesda statement on OA publishing

  • 2003 : Berlin declaration on OA access to knowledge

  • 2005 : EBLIDA statement endorsed OA

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues4

KEY ISSUES

2 ways for delivering OA research articles :

  • open access repositories

  • open access journals

    1- OA Archives or repositories :

    Contents : pre- or postprints, theses… Belong to an institution (university, research institutions or disciplines : ArXiv in Physics…)

    OAI-MH made them interoperable (metadata harvesting)

    Low costs : server space+human resource

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Sherpa romeo

Sherpa-Romeo

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues5

KEY ISSUES

OAISTER

OAIster is a project of the University of Michigan Digital Library Production Service. A collection of freely available academically-oriented digital resources.

  • When you search in OAIster, you're searching a wide variety of collections from a wide variety of institutions. These institutions have made the records of their digital resources available to us, and we have gathered and aggregated them into the OAIster service.

  • 7,145,022 records from 620 institutions (updated 19 April 2006)

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues6

KEY ISSUES

ROAR : REGISTRY of OPEN ACCESS REPOSITORIES

  • ArchivesIn

    United States184 Sweden 25

    United Kingdom69 Italy23

    Germany62 France31

    Netherlands19 Spain13

    Belgium9 Denmark8

    Portugal5 Switzerland5

    Finland4 Austria3

    Greece3 Norway3

    Ireland2 Slovenia1

    http://archives.eprints.org/

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues7

KEY ISSUES

  • OA Repositories :A national initiative in France :

    May 2006 : Agreement between Research institutions (CNRS, Inserm…) and Universities (CPU : University Presidents Conference) with the support of the Education Ministry to manage together HAL application (On-line Hyperarticle) of the CCSD (Direct Communication Center of CNRS).

    All french researchers will be invited to archive their publications in HAL. Libraries will take part in the administration process

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Humane copenhaguen 21st april

CCSD

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues for consortia

KEY ISSUES FOR CONSORTIA

2- Open-access journals:

Peer-reviewed information; journal process

Costs : peer-review, manuscript preparation, server space

Economic model : author pays model (actually, most of the time, institutions pay).

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues for consortia1

KEY ISSUES FOR CONSORTIA

2- Examples :

  • CogPrints (S. Harnad, )

  • BIOMED Central

  • Springer Open choice

  • CENS (France)...

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues for consortia2

KEY ISSUES FOR CONSORTIA

Questions :

Open access : a panacea?

  • Undoubtedly, OA repositories : a good way to make information freely available,

  • to get long term archives which will prevent us from purchasing them from publishers.

    But, not an alternative to journal holdings even if the avaibility of journals via OA archives is taken in account for cancellations

    The threat of journal cancellations : more on peripheral journals than on core ones. More on aggregators than on publishers.

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Key issues for consortia3

KEY ISSUES FOR CONSORTIA

Questions :

OA journals : the next step for publishing system beyond toll access?

Quite a difficult point :

  • Not sure that OA journals will be less expensive (Cf. Cornell study)

  • Publishers under pressure to make OA concessions seeking to redefine it by introducing self-archiving embargoes.

  • We don’t have a clear definition of what OA is and what it entails

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


Humane copenhague

HUMANE- Copenhague

Scientific publication is in a hybrid phase combining OA and toll-access

[email protected]

François CAVALIER- Université Claude Bernard Lyon1- Couperin


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