Written by lall 1996 presented by jun yoo duk
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IT Knowledge Creation Opportunities by Joint Collaboration among APT Countries - Focused on Innovative Cluster Policy in Korea. SQ 3.7. Written by Lall(1996) Presented by Jun, Yoo-Duk. Rapporteur: Yooduk Jun([email protected]). Content. Introduction Cluster and Technological Regimes

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Written by lall 1996 presented by jun yoo duk

IT Knowledge Creation Opportunities by Joint Collaboration among APT Countries

- Focused on Innovative Cluster Policy in Korea

SQ 3.7

Written by Lall(1996)

Presented by Jun, Yoo-Duk

Rapporteur: Yooduk Jun([email protected])


Content

Content

  • Introduction

  • Cluster and Technological Regimes

  • Study of Technological Innovation and Clusters in the developing Countries

  • Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

  • Conclusion and Policy Implications


Introduction

Introduction

  • Since 1990s, the cluster-based policies for accelerating regional innovation and spreading developed technology have been experimented as successful strategies for nurturing and developing local industry and technology.

  • Recently, Korean government has implemented various cluster-based policies to activate local economy. However, it seems likely to degrade the efficiency of the national innovation system which was promoted to chase the developed countries due to the problem that the cluster policies have been only focused on creating physical infrastructures such as attracting the associated companies or establishing research institutions or supporting organizations.


Introduction of it cluster policy

Introduction of IT Cluster Policy

Cluster theory

OECD(2001), Porter(1998),

Bok(2003)

  • Cluster Theory

    • to foster the local industry

    • to develop technology

  • Additional factors to affect innovative cluster

    • Innovation pattern of developing countries

    • Sectoral Characteristics

ICT Innovative

Cluster

Latecomer’s innovation

pattern

Kim, L(1997), Song(2004)

Sectoral

Characteristics

Breschi & Malerba(2000),

Malerba, 2002


Cluster and technological regimes

Cluster and Technological Regimes

  • Innovative Cluster concept by OECD

Source : Compiled from Lee (2001)


Cluster and technological regimes1

Cluster and Technological Regimes

Knowledge

spatial

boundaries

T

R

Source

Opportunity

  • Sectoral innovation system & Technological Regimes

Knowledge

Nature

Appropriability

Accessibility

Cumulativeness

Geographical

distribution

of innovators

Learning process

Orga. capacity

Market feedback

Knowledge

base

Agents

Firms

Non-Firms

When the appropriability, opportunity and accumulativeness of technology are high, innovation leaders, especially industrial business groups, get together geographically, while they locate separately from each other when the same features are low, according to him.

Institution

Schumpeter petterns of innovation

Source : Breschi (2000) Malerba (2002)


Study of technological innovation and clusters in the developing countries

Study of Technological Innovation and Clusters in the developing Countries

  • Innovation Pattern of developing countries

Technology transfer

Technology transfer

Innovation ratio

Process innovation

Product innovation

Utterback & Abernathy(1994)

Technology transfer

Creation

Upgrade

Upgrade

Acquisition

assimilation

assimilation

Acquisition

Time(reverse)

Specific Phase

(Retention)

Fluid Phase

(Variation)

Transitional Phase

(Selection)

Kim, L.(1997)


Assumptions

Assumptions

  • The formation and evolution of clusters in Korea are assumed by means of the relationships of technology, the characteristics of technological changes

  • The formation and evolution of clusters in the developing Korea are assumed to be established by means of national innovation system and its inherent technological innovation patterns.


Case analysis of mobile communication clusters in korea

Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

  • R&D cluster for mobile communication

MIC

Institute of Information

Technology Assessment

(IITA)

Policy

Support

Evaluation of

Research Output

Policy Suggestion

Annual Project

Plan

Domestic

joint Development

Manufacturer

System Development &

Commercialization

Support

Mobile Telecomm-

unication Carrier

Technical

Support

Mobile

Telecommunication

Technology

Research Lab.

(ETRI)

  • LGIC

  • Samsung

  • - Hyundai

  • - Maxson

- SKT

- Shinsegi Telecom

(94.7.)

Research

Fund

Research Financial

Support and

Manpower Dispatch

Parts & Technology

Development

Research

Consignment

Core Technology Offer

Cooperation of ETRI Division

Research

Manpower

Cooperation

  • Semiconductor Tech. Group

  • Switching Tech. Group

  • Information Tech. Group

  • Code Technology Department

Cooperation Research

with Qualcomm

(U.S.A.)

Source : J -Y Choung(2002)


Case analysis of mobile communication clusters in korea1

Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

Mobile phone patents

Source : KIPO(1992~2000)


Case analysis of mobile communication clusters in korea2

Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

(Unit: Million won)

  • Regional Mobile industry production

Source : KAIT(2003)


Case analysis of mobile communication clusters in korea3

Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

  • LCD

  • Memory

  • Battery

  • Modem chip

  • Camera Module

Hardware

provider

  • Value Chains of Mobile Communication Clusters

SKT, KTF, LGT

Venture Firms

Developer

Telecommunication

Service

Manufacturer

(Brand)

Customer

IP

Test

Contents

Service

Operator, TTA, Firms

Venture Firms

Software

provider

  • Device controller: Memory, In/out

  • Modem controller

  • Middleware: WAP

  • OS: Brew, WIPI


Case analysis of mobile communication clusters in korea4

Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

Regional distribution of Mobile firms

(Unit: No. of firm)

Source : KOITA(2003)


Case analysis of mobile communication clusters in korea5

Case Analysis of Mobile Communication Clusters in Korea

Mobile Communication Cluster in Kumi Area

ETRI

<International>

Intel

IBM

Venture

firm1

R&D collaboration

V2

V3

Spin-offs

V4

V5

Yeungnam

Univ.

Incubating center

V6

V7

CDMA

Development partnership

Local

Gov.

Joint Development

Embedded Software

R&D Collaboration

Samsung

Electronics

R&D

Collaboration

IT CRC

SME1

Gov.

Kyungbuk

National

Univ.

S2

S3

Kumi R&D

center

R&D collaboration

S4

S5

Components suppliers

Hub Firm

Techno pole

S6

S7

Samsung

Suwon R&D center

Core Components suppliers

(Display, Camera module, battery)

SDI, SEM


Conclusion and policy implications

Conclusion and Policy Implications

  • Conclusions

    • Clusters evolve in compliance with the technology and technological changes

    • The formation and evolution of clusters in the developing Korea are established by means of national innovation system and its inherent technological innovation patterns

  • Policy Implications

    • there comes a necessity to investigate Korean style cluster model in terms of technology and technological changes rather than to follow the successful cases of the past


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