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The “Powerhouse” of the cell
What is a mitochondrion?
What are mitochondria?
Stores information (DNA) that
controls the making of proteins
and all other cell activities
What is the nucleus?
The first make proteins; the second
Customizes and packages the proteins
What are ribosomes and Golgi bodies?
They are 2 things lacking in animal
cells but present in plant cells
What are chloroplasts and a cell wall?
Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, and
What are forms of passive transport?
Because there is an information crisis,
diffusion is too slow, and there is not
enough surface area to support the huge
volume of reacting material.
Why do cells divide?
What makes cells divide?
Why is there a size limit on cells?
The longest part of the cell cycle
What is interphase?
What are prophase, metaphase,
anaphase and telophase?
What is mitosis?
The initial part of interphase where
the new cells grow and develop
What is gap 1?
Cleavage furrowing and
What is cytokinesis?
The catalyst for photosynthesis
What is chlorophyll?
A combination of adenine, sugar,
and phosphates that store energy
for later use
What is ATP?
Oxygen gas, NADPH, and ATP
What are the products of the
light dependent reactions of
Disc-shaped structures of the grana
that contain chlorophyll for photo-
What are the thylakoids?
A producer organism like a
photosynthetic protist that begins
a food chain
What is an autotroph?
The “rotating” name of the light
What is the Calvin Cycle?
The main product of the
What is the carbohydrate molecule
known as glucose sugar?
The sources of the energy, the
carbon, and the hydrogen for the
What are ATP, CO2, and NADPH?
Anytime, around the clock, because
it doesn’t need sunlight.
When does the Calvin Cycle occur?
The fluid-filled cavity of the
chloroplast where the light
independent reactions occur
What is the stroma?
The anaerobic form of energy release
that occurs in the human body.
What is lactic acid fermentation?
The amount of energy resulting from
respiration of one molecule of
What is 36 ATP?
In the absence of oxygen, it will
What is fermentation?
It is how photosynthesis and
respiration are related
What is opposites
The correct sequence of the major
parts of cell respiration
What is glycolysis, Kreb’s Cycle,
and then electron transport chain?
What is the Cell Theory?