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Status of Man. 1. Insan ka Mansb -e- Khilafat By Muhammad Ali Khan. Out line. Concept of Khalaifa and Naib Silent Features Rationales of Khalafat. Concept. 3. Five Dimensions of Status Human - Insan Fit of The Fittest-Ashraf-ul-Makhloqat Vicegerent -(Socio-Religious)

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Insan ka Mansb -e- Khilafat By Muhammad Ali Khan

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Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

Status of Man

1

Insan ka Mansb-e-Khilafat

By

Muhammad Ali Khan


Out line

Out line

  • Concept of Khalaifa and Naib

  • Silent Features

  • Rationales of Khalafat


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

Concept

3

  • Five Dimensions of Status

    • Human - Insan

    • Fit of The Fittest-Ashraf-ul-Makhloqat

    • Vicegerent -(Socio-Religious)

    • Khalifa (Political)

      • Only of Adam (Baqra-30)

      • To Messangers /Daud ( Suaad 26)

      • Nation by Nation ( Noor-55)

      • All Human beings (Ibn-Kaser+Moudodi)

    • Aadmi (Biological)


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, they said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not

  • اور (وہ وقت یاد کرنے کے قابل ہے) جب تمہارے پروردگار نے فرشتوں سے فرمایا کہ میں زمین میں (اپنا) نائب بنانے والا ہوں۔ انہوں نے کہا۔ کیا تُو اس میں ایسے شخص کو نائب بنانا چاہتا ہے جو خرابیاں کرے اور کشت وخون کرتا پھرے اور ہم تیری تعریف کے ساتھ تسبیح وتقدیس کرتے رہتے ہیں۔ (خدا نے) فرمایا میں وہ باتیں جانتا ہوں جو تم نہیں جانتے

viceroy 

viceroy 


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • (And it was said unto him): O David! Lo! We have set thee as a viceroy in the earth; therefor judge aright between mankind, and follow not desire that it beguile thee from the way of Allah. Lo! those who wander from the way of Allah have an awful doom, forasmuch as they forgot the Day of Reckoning.

  • اے داؤد ہم نے تم کو زمین میں بادشاہ بنایا ہے تو لوگوں میں انصاف کے فیصلے کیا کرو اور خواہش کی پیروی نہ کرنا کہ وہ تمہیں خدا کے رستے سے بھٹکا دے گی۔ جو لوگ خدا کے رستے سے بھٹکتے ہیں ان کے لئے سخت عذاب (تیار) ہے کہ انہوں نے حساب کے دن کو بھلا دیا


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • He it is Who hath placed you as viceroys of the earth and hath exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you by (the test of) that which He hath given you. Lo! Thy Lord is swift in prosecution, and Lo! He verily is Forgiving, Merciful. (Al-Inaam 165)

  • اور وہی تو ہے جس نے زمین میں تم کو اپنا نائب بنایا اور ایک کے دوسرے پر درجے بلند کئے تاکہ جو کچھ اس نے تمہیں بخشا ہے اس میں تمہاری آزمائش ہے بےشک تمہارا پروردگار جلد عذاب دینے والا ہے اور بےشک وہ بخشنے والا مہربان بھی ہے


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • Marvel ye that there should come unto you a Reminder from your Lord by means of a man among you, that he may warn you? Remember how He made you viceroys after Noah's folk, and gave you growth of stature. Remember (all) the bounties of your Lord, that haply ye may be successful. (Al-Aaraf-69)

  • کیا تم کو اس بات سے تعجب ہوا ہے کہ تم میں سے ایک شخص کے ہاتھ تمہارے پروردگار کی طرف سے تمہارے پاس نصیحت آئی تاکہ وہ تمہیں ڈرائے اور یاد کرو تو کرو جب اس نے تم کو قوم نوح کے بعد سردار بنایا۔ اور تم کو پھیلاؤ زیادہ دیا۔ پس خدا کی نعمتوں کو یاد کرو۔ تاکہ نجات حاصل کرو


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • They said: We suffered hurt before thou camest unto us, and since thou hast come unto us. He said: It may be that your Lord is going to destroy your adversary and make you viceroys in the earth, that He may see how ye behave.(Aaraf-129)

  • وہ بولے کہ تمہارے آنے سے پہلے بھی ہم کو اذیتیں پہنچتی رہیں اور آنے کے بعد بھی۔ موسیٰ نے کہا کہ قریب ہے کہ تمہارا پروردگار تمہارے دشمن کو ہلاک کردے اور اس کی جگہ تمہیں زمین میں خلیفہ بنائے پھر دیکھے کہ تم کیسے عمل کرتے ہو


The word s viceroy appears 10 time s in 10 verse s in quran in muhammad pickthal s translation

The word(s) "viceroy" appears 10 time(s) in 10 verse(s) in Quran in Muhammad Pickthal’s translation

Khalafat k Taqazay


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

(1) And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, they said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not. (  سورة البقرة  , Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #30)

(2) He it is Who hath placed you as viceroys of the earth and hath exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you by (the test of) that which He hath given you. Lo! Thy Lord is swift in trial, and Lo! He verily is Forgiving, Merciful. (  سورة الأنعامAl-Anaam, Chapter #6, Verse #165)

(3) Marvel ye that there should come unto you a Reminder from your Lord by means of a man among you, that he may warn you? Remember how He made you viceroys after Noah's folk, and gave you growth of stature. Remember (all) the bounties of your Lord, that haply ye may be successful. (  سورة الأعرافAl-Araf, Chapter #7, Verse #69)

(4) And remember how He made you viceroys after A'ad and gave you station in the earth. Ye choose castles in the plains and hew the mountains into dwellings. So remember (all) the bounties of Allah and do not evil, making mischief in the earth.(  سورة الأعرافAl-Araf, Chapter #7, Verse #74)


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

(5) They said: We suffered hurt before thou camest unto us, and since thou hast come unto us. He said: It may be that your Lord is going to destroy your adversary and make you viceroys in the earth, that He may see how ye behave. (  سورة الأعراف  , Al-Araf, Chapter #7, Verse #129)

(6) Then We appointed you viceroys in the earth after them, that We might see how ye behave. (  سورة يونس  , Yunus, Chapter #10, Verse #14)

(7) But they denied him, so We saved him and those with him in the ship, and made them viceroys (in the earth), while We drowned those who denied Our revelations. See then the nature of the consequence for those who had been warned. ( سورة يونسYunus, Chapter #10, Verse #73)


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • (8) Is not He (best) Who answered the wronged one when he cried unto Him and removed the evil, and hath made you viceroys of the earth? Is there any Allah beside Allah? Little do they reflect! (  سورة النمل  , An-Naml, Chapter #27, Verse #62)

  • (9) (And it was said unto him): O David! Lo! We have set thee as a viceroy in the earth; thereforjudge aright between mankind, and follow not desire that it beguile thee from the way of Allah. Lo! those who wander from the way of Allah have an awful doom, forasmuch as they forgot the Day of Reckoning. (  سورة ص  , Sad, Chapter #38, Verse #26)

    (10) And had We willed We could have set among you angels to be viceroys in the earth. (  سورة الزخرف  Az-Zukhruf, Chapter #43, Verse #60)


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

Status of man (Insan ka Maqam)

13

Establishment of status before creation

Intension of Creation by Allah

High Ranke given after Creation

Advocacy of Human by Allah

Distinction in Creation_Created by Hands of Allah (Suaad-75)

Created as Fit of the Fitness/Ahsan-e-Taqweem

Superiority of Knowledge

Prostration of Angels but Iblees


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

Cont….

15

Creation of Iblees when he disobey to prostrate Adam

Heaven ,first Residence /Dwelling Place

Everything is created for him

Everything created is given in man’s ownership

Created man with Choices (Aaraf 10)

Respect given to man by Allah (Maaida 32),Due respect ought to be paid to humanity

Tauheed, to avoid any negativity

Equality- ????????


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

Features of the status Khalafat/Naib/Vicegerent

16

  • Relationship between Allah and Human

  • To check how human being behave

  • Knowledge was given to assist human being

  •  If they follow the Path of Allah, surrender to His Divine Law, they prepare themselves to be His Servants.

  • Sovereignty lies with Allah and all Powers are trust

  • Quran as Supreme Law

  • Accountable to Allah for the Powers given on Earth

  • No Absolute Rule, Rule given for limited time span


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Tawhid (Oneness of Allah) constitutes the ideological foundation of Islam, the concept of man’s Khilafah (vicegerency/caliphate) provides the operational framework for the Islamic scheme of life

  • The role and status of vicegerency is conferred upon the human being as such, and it is shared by man and woman alike but their roles differ

  • This lays the foundations of their essential equality as human beings, as vicegerents of Allah on the earth, whatever their different roles in society may be


Points to ponder over

Points, to Ponder Over !

  • There is a declaration of the potentialities that man has the power to mischief as the angels perceived

  • The angels cannot be disobedient to Allah, but they question the wisdom of sending Adam to the Earth

  • Man has the ability to destroy and fight

  • The wisdom of creating “a vicegerent on earth” lies in Allah's Knowledge. "I know what ye know not". Therefore, the angels fell down in obeisance:


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

Cont….

  • Both Satan and Adam are given the power to obey or disobey the Divine Law

  • Adam may fall in mistakes out of ignorance or he may forget Satan disobeys God's directions out of arrogance and limited knowledge

  • He does not accept to be mistaken and his role is to prove that he is right

  • He challenges the Power of Truth by illusions


About status of man

About Status of Man

  • What does Caliphate mean? Enumerate its salient features. (2000)

  • How does Islam regard humanity? What is the concept of “Khalafat” in Islam? (2001)

  • Q.No.2. What is Human Dignity? Explain how Islam recognized it and what efforts have been adopted to maintain the superiority of man?2013


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

21


Equality

Equality

  • Satan caused them both Adam and Eve to deflect therefrom”. Both were held responsible for the act, both repented their transgression and both were forgiven

  • They entered the world without any stigma of original sin on their soul. Human nature is pure and good.

  • Man has been created in the best of all forms. [Q 95:4]

  • Man and woman are made from the same substance

  • Every one is born in a state of purity and innocence

  • Success or failure depends entirely on one’s own beliefs and behavior. [Q 95:5-6; 103:2-3]

  • No one is to be responsible for the shortcomings of others. [Q 6:195]


Insan ka mansb e khilafat by muhammad ali khan

  • 1. Vicegerency (Khilafah):

  • The human being, in the Islamic world-view is considered a vicegerent (khalifah). This vicegerency is declared before the creation of the first human being:

  • “Behold, your Lord said to the angels: ‘I will create a vicegerent on earth.’ They said: ‘Will place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? While we do celebrate Your praises and glorify Your holy (name)?’ He said: ‘I know what you know not.’” (Qur’an, 2:30 )

  • In her/his capacity as a vicegerent, the human being is perceived as the trustee of the earth. She/he is not supposed to cause corruption in any form on earth (i.e. the environment). Life on earth entails great responsibilities. It is a test with accountability. It is followed by either reward or punishment. These meanings are mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Vicegerency as a test is found in the following verse:

  • “It is He Who has made you (His) vicegerents, inheritors of the earth: He has raised you in ranks, some above others: that He may try you in the gifts He has given you: for your Lord is quick in punishment: yet He is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an, 6:165)

  • On the other hand, this vicegerency is subjected to observation:

  • “Then We made you heirs in the land after them, to see how you would behave!” (Qur’an, 10:14 )


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