Prek teachers and the common core preparing young children for success in kindergarten and beyond
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PreK teachers and the Common Core: Preparing Young Children for Success in Kindergarten and Beyond. Dr. Lisa S. Goldstein Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA [email protected] Common Core State Standards?. Big questions about the CCSS. What are they, actually? Why do we need them?

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PreK teachers and the Common Core: Preparing Young Children for Success in Kindergarten and Beyond

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Prek teachers and the common core preparing young children for success in kindergarten and beyond

PreK teachers and the Common Core:Preparing Young Children for Success in Kindergarten and Beyond

Dr. Lisa S. Goldstein

Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA

[email protected]


Common core state standards

Common Core State Standards?


Big questions about the ccss

Big questions about the CCSS

  • What are they, actually?

  • Why do we need them?

  • How are they different from the HCPSIII?

  • Are they developmentally appropriate for young learners?

  • How can we prepare our kids to be successful in CCSS kindergartens?


Getting to know the ccss

Getting to know the CCSS

  • Common Core State Standards

    • English Language Arts(& Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects)

    • Mathematics

  • Common Core State Standards

    • Adopted by 45.5 states

  • Common Core State Standards

    • Meant to comprise 85% of the curriculum


Ccss adopters

CCSS Adopters

PLUS: District of Columbia, Guam,

Puerto Rico, American Samoa,

Northern Mariana Islands, US Virgin

Islands, Dept of Defense schools


Why did we need the ccss

Why did we need the CCSS?

  • Establish and maintaingreater consistency and continuity across states

  • Clear goal: all students will graduate from HS college and career ready

  • Benchmarked against the curricula of countries that have highest rates of literacy and numeracy

  • Increased rigor


How are the ccss different from the hcpsiii

How are the CCSS different from the HCPSIII?

  • Fewer

  • Higher

  • Clearer


Are the ccss good for young learners

Are the CCSS good for young learners?

  • Yes! And no…

  • It depends on

    • How the CCSS are framed and interpreted in grades K-2

    • How K-2 teachers are required to implement the CCSS


Good for young learners

Good for young learners!

  • Implementation of the CCSS should not create a rush for “academic shovedown”

    • No long lists of content and skills to teach

    • No emphasis on testing testing testing

  • The CCSS are compatible with DAP

    • The implementation of the CCSS in K-12 education might protect DAP in preK classrooms


No way really

No way! Really?

  • Yes, really!

  • The CCSS reflect respect for the developmental realities and needs of young learners


Ccss dap alignment areas

CCSS-DAP Alignment Areas

  • Explicit attention to role of development in learning

  • Holistic perspective

  • Support children’s language development

  • Focus on children’s thinking

  • See children as capable, active learners

  • Teaching as guidance, not telling

  • Instructional decisions belong to teachers- use DAP to enhance learning


1 explicit attention to the role development plays in learning

1. Explicit attention to the role development plays in learning

  • CCSS- Mathematics

  • Young kids need more

    • Repeated exposure to new concepts

    • Focus on the most powerful knowledge


1 explicit attention to the role development plays in learning1

1. Explicit attention to the role development plays in learning

  • CCSS-English Language Arts

  • Certain anchor standards aren’t on the kindergarten list because they’re not age appropriate for kinders


2 holistic integrated perspective

2. Holistic, integrated perspective

  • Integration across academic disciplines is expected

    • CCSS- English Language Arts (and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects)

  • Give children flexibility and choices in showing what they know and can do

  • Similar habits of mind are presented in the CCSS-ELA and the CCSS- Math

    • Leads to more coherent learning experiences


3 emphasis on english language development

3. Emphasis on English language development

  • Support English language development for all children in all content areas

    • Expressing ideas and opinions

    • Presenting evidence to support ideas

    • Communicating clearly

    • Using rich and precise language

    • Developing academic vocabulary

  • Deliberate English language development is not reserved for ELLs


4 focus on student thinking and metacognition

4. Focus on student thinking and metacognition

  • Students are guided toward deep understanding of concepts

    • Not just mastery of procedures or memorization of information

  • Emphasis on critical thinking

  • Explicit efforts to develop students’ awareness of themselves as learners, thinkers, and problem solvers


  • 5 see young children as capable active sense making learners

    5. See young children as capable, active, sense-making learners

    • Student-directed investigations and presentation of findings begin in kindergarten

      • Provide evidence to support statements

      • Discuss rationale and reasoning

    • Standards requirehigher order thinking

      • Students pose questions, solve problems


    6 understanding of teaching

    6. Understanding of teaching

    • Teaching should involve

      • More asking, listening, observing, reflecting

        • Less telling and talking

      • Giving students opportunities to develop confidence in their own capabilities

      • Fostering independence, perseverance

      • Guiding students as needed

    • Use lots of engaging, age-appropriate strategies to build students’ connections with the content


    7 acknowledge teachers specialized expertise

    7. Acknowledge teachers’ specialized expertise

    • Teachers are the only professionals who have the knowledge and skills to make principled, informed, intentional instructional decisions

      • CCSS specify what students should learn, but not how it should be taught

      • CCSS was designed to be 85% of the curriculum in a given grade- room for additions and customization

      • Teacher discretion is expected


    An example from the ccss ela

    An example from the CCSS-ELA

    • “The use of play with young children is not specified by the standards, but it is welcome as a valuable activity it its own right and as a way to help students meet the expectations in this document.” (p.9)


    Questions

    Questions?


    Elbow partner discussion

    “Elbow partner” discussion

    • How much did you know about the CCSS before today?

    • What did you think about the CCSS before today?

    • How have your knowledge and/or your feelings changed?


    Small group discussion debrief

    Small group discussion debrief

    • Thoughts? Comments? Questions?


    How to teach the ccss content to young learners

    How to teach the CCSS content to young learners?

    • Youdon’t need to teach the CCSS

      • You need to build a foundation that will prepare young kids for success in kindergarten and beyond

      • A strong foundation will make it easier for students to be highly successful in grades K-12

    • But you do need to know what will be expected of kids who enter kindergarten


    Best preparation for kindergarten

    Best preparation for kindergarten?

    • Spending every day in a

      • stable,

      • developmentally appropriate,

      • play-based,

      • language-rich,

      • interesting,

      • nurturing learning environment

    • Resist pressure to turn preK into K


    Prek and the whole child

    PreK and the whole child

    • Strong social-emotional skills and productive approaches to learning are more important than academic skills for success in kindergarten

    • This has become even more true as kindergarten has become more academic and structured


    Protect the prek learning space

    Protect the PreK learning space

    • Academic activities become top priority as early as kindergarten

    • PreK is truly the last child-centered learning environment in the U.S.

    • Getting ready for K-12 academic success is critically important


    Preparing kids for kindergarten

    Preparing kids for kindergarten

    • Kindergarten CCSS-Math standards

    • What do five-year-olds need to know and be able to do before they can learn this academic content?

    • What kinds of educational activities can you do with your kids next week that will prepare them to learn this mathematics successfully when they start kindergarten?


    Activity 1 ccss math

    Activity #1: CCSS-Math

    • Develop answers to the two questions on the previous slide

      • What do kids need to know and be able to do BEFORE they can learn kindergarten math content?

      • What NEW experiences can you provide next week that will help prepare your kids for successful math learning in kindergarten?

    • Work in small groups of your choice

    • We will reconvene and debrief at____.


    Activity 1 debrief

    Activity #1 Debrief

    • What do kids need to know and be able to do BEFORE they can learn kindergarten math content?

    • What NEW experiences can you provide next week that will help prepare your kids for successful math learning in kindergarten?


    Activity 2 ccss ela

    Activity #2: CCSS-ELA

    • What do kids need to know and be able to do BEFORE they can learn kinder speaking, listening, & language skills?

    • What NEW experiences can you provide next week that will help prepare your kids for successful English Language Arts learning in kindergarten?

    • Work in small groups of your choice

    • We will reconvene and debrief at____.


    Activity 2 debrief

    Activity #2 Debrief

    • What do kids need to know and be able to do BEFORE they can learn kindergarten listening, speaking, and language skills?

    • What NEW experiences can you provide next week that will help prepare your kids for successful LA learning in kindergarten?


    Concluding q a

    Concluding Q&A

    Q: Are the Common Core State Standards great? Are they “meh?” Are they awful?

    A: It doesn’t matter. The CCSS are already here (in 45.5 states).


    Our most pressing task

    Our most pressing task?

    • Preparing PreK students for success in CCSS kindergartens by helping them develop strong social-emotional skills and productive approaches to learning in a developmentally appropriate classroom environment.


    Mahalo

    Mahalo!

    • Contact me at

      • [email protected]


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