Foundations of american constitutional government
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 54

Foundations of American Constitutional Government PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Foundations of American Constitutional Government. Unit 1. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.2The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by

Download Presentation

Foundations of American Constitutional Government

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Foundationsof American Constitutional Government

Unit 1

Relevant Standards of Learning

CE.2The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by

a)explaining the fundamental principles of consent of the governed, limited government, rule of law, democracy, and representative government

CE.6The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the national level by

a)describing the structure and powers of the national government

CE.7The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the state level by

a)describing the structure and powers of the state government

CE.8The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the local level by

a)describing the structure and powers of the local government;

b)explaining the relationship of local government to the state government

Student objectives

  • List and describe five fundamental principles of American constitutional governments. (CE.2a)

  • Explain the principle of separation of powers and the operation of checks and balances. (CE.6b)

  • Explain the structure and powers of local Virginia governments(CE.8a)

  • Explain the relationship of the various levels of government in a federal system. (CE.7b, CE.8b)

List and describe five political principles of the United States government.

Limited government

Government is NOT all powerful and may only do those things people have given it the power to do.

What are some examples of “limited government”?

  • Due process protections

  • Separation of powers

  • Checks and balances

  • Bill of Rights

Representative government

People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf.

What are some examples of “representative government”?

  • President

  • Congress

  • Governor

  • Virginia General Assembly

  • School Boards

Consent of the governed

People are the source of any and all government power. They give their permission to be governed.

What are some examples of “consent of the governed”?

  • Petitioning

  • Holding elective office

  • Obeying laws

Rule of law

The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as are the people.

What are some examples of“rule of law”?

  • Impeachment

  • Arrest of a public official

  • Special investigators


In a democratic form of government, the people rule.

What are some examples of“democracy”?

  • Elections

  • Petitioning

  • Holding elective office

  • Campaigning

  • Expressing opinions

What is the difference between separation of powers and checks and balances?

Separation of Powers

The various functions of government (to make laws, to enforce laws, and to interpret laws) are conducted by three separate but co-equal branches

Checks and Balances

Each of the three branches of government has powers over the other two branches so that no one branch can be too powerful

Label the columns and rows of the table for branches and levels.

Local Legislative

Board of Supervisors

Town or City Council

Makes laws for the locality

State Legislative

Virginia General Assembly

Makes laws for the commonwealth of Virginia

National Legislative

U. S. Congress

Makes laws for the United States

Local Executive


Enforces local laws

State Executive


Enforces laws of Virginia

Prepares state budget

National Executive


Enforces U. S. laws

Prepares U. S. budget

Local Judicial

State Courts

Hear cases involving local issues

State Judicial

State Courts

Hear cases involving state matters

Interpret the Virginia Constitution

National Judicial

Federal Courts

Hear cases involving U. S. laws

Interprets the U. S. Constitution

List the powers of each branch of government over the other two

Legislative branch’s power over:


Override veto, impeachment


approve judicial appointments, impeachment

Executive branch’s power over:


veto, special session


appoints judges

Judicial branch’s power over:


judicial review – declare acts of Congress unconstitutional


judicial review – declare executive actions to be unconstitutional

What is “federalism”?

A system of government in which power is shared between the local, state, and national levels of government

Powers of national government



Description: Powers directly granted by the Constitution, or needed to carry out expressed powers

List some examples of expressed and implied powers.

  • Maintain an army/navy (exp)

  • Declare war (exp)

  • Form a national bank (imp)

  • Federal Aviation Administration (imp)

Powers of state and national


Description: Powers that are held by both national and state governments at the same time

List some examples of concurrent powers

  • Establish courts

  • Collect taxes

  • Establish courts

Powers of state government


Description – The 10th Amendment grants rights not given or implied by the Constitution to the states

List some examples of reserved powers

  • Establish schools

  • Conduct elections

  • Regulate marriages

What are the primary responsibilities of government at the state and national levels?

National – conduct foreign policy, regulate commerce, and provide common defense

State – promote public health, safety, and welfare

Where does local government authority and powers come from?

The Virginia constitution and acts of the General Assembly

What are the three types of local government in Virginia?

  • County

  • Town

  • City

List four government official that the Virginia constitution requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.

  • Sheriff

  • Clerk of the court

  • Commissioner of revenue

  • Treasurer

What is a “charter”?

A charter defines the powers that a city has as granted by the General Assembly.

What are the powers of local Virginia governments?

  • Enforce state and local laws

  • Public health and safety]

  • Levy and collect taxes

  • Protect the environment

  • Regulate land use

  • Public education

Raise your hand to answer the following questions!

Complete the following statement

“…governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the __________.”


Once a year, Marion Middle School holds an election for student coucil. This is an example of what principle of government?

Representative government

A local police chief is arrested for embezzling money from the police department. This is an example of which principle of government?

Rule of law

What name is given to the following level and branch of government?

  • National Legislative


  • State Executive


  • Local Executive


  • State Judicial

    Virginia courts

In Virginia, who regulates land use, protects the environment, and provides public education?

Local government

What is the best way to make a good grade?

What is the best way to make a good grade?


Complete an A to Z AboutUnit 1 Content review sheetRIGHT NOW!

  • Login