Foundations of american constitutional government
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 54

Foundations of American Constitutional Government PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 158 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Foundations of American Constitutional Government. Unit 1. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.2The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by

Download Presentation

Foundations of American Constitutional Government

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Foundations of american constitutional government

Foundationsof American Constitutional Government

Unit 1


Relevant standards of learning

Relevant Standards of Learning

CE.2The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by

a)explaining the fundamental principles of consent of the governed, limited government, rule of law, democracy, and representative government

CE.6The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the national level by

a)describing the structure and powers of the national government

CE.7The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the state level by

a)describing the structure and powers of the state government

CE.8The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the local level by

a)describing the structure and powers of the local government;

b)explaining the relationship of local government to the state government


Student objectives

Student objectives

  • List and describe five fundamental principles of American constitutional governments. (CE.2a)

  • Explain the principle of separation of powers and the operation of checks and balances. (CE.6b)

  • Explain the structure and powers of local Virginia governments(CE.8a)

  • Explain the relationship of the various levels of government in a federal system. (CE.7b, CE.8b)


List and describe five political principles of the united states government

List and describe five political principles of the United States government.


Limited government

Limited government

Government is NOT all powerful and may only do those things people have given it the power to do.


What are some examples of limited government

What are some examples of “limited government”?

  • Due process protections

  • Separation of powers

  • Checks and balances

  • Bill of Rights


Representative government

Representative government

People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf.


What are some examples of representative government

What are some examples of “representative government”?

  • President

  • Congress

  • Governor

  • Virginia General Assembly

  • School Boards


Consent of the governed

Consent of the governed

People are the source of any and all government power. They give their permission to be governed.


What are some examples of consent of the governed

What are some examples of “consent of the governed”?

  • Petitioning

  • Holding elective office

  • Obeying laws


Rule of law

Rule of law

The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as are the people.


What are some examples of rule of law

What are some examples of“rule of law”?

  • Impeachment

  • Arrest of a public official

  • Special investigators


Democracy

Democracy

In a democratic form of government, the people rule.


What are some examples of democracy

What are some examples of“democracy”?

  • Elections

  • Petitioning

  • Holding elective office

  • Campaigning

  • Expressing opinions


What is the difference between separation of powers and checks and balances

What is the difference between separation of powers and checks and balances?


Separation of powers

Separation of Powers

The various functions of government (to make laws, to enforce laws, and to interpret laws) are conducted by three separate but co-equal branches


Checks and balances

Checks and Balances

Each of the three branches of government has powers over the other two branches so that no one branch can be too powerful


Label the columns and rows of the table for branches and levels

Label the columns and rows of the table for branches and levels.


Local legislative

Local Legislative

Board of Supervisors

Town or City Council

Makes laws for the locality


State legislative

State Legislative

Virginia General Assembly

Makes laws for the commonwealth of Virginia


National legislative

National Legislative

U. S. Congress

Makes laws for the United States


Local executive

Local Executive

Mayor

Enforces local laws


State executive

State Executive

Governor

Enforces laws of Virginia

Prepares state budget


National executive

National Executive

President

Enforces U. S. laws

Prepares U. S. budget


Local judicial

Local Judicial

State Courts

Hear cases involving local issues


State judicial

State Judicial

State Courts

Hear cases involving state matters

Interpret the Virginia Constitution


National judicial

National Judicial

Federal Courts

Hear cases involving U. S. laws

Interprets the U. S. Constitution


List the powers of each branch of government over the other two

List the powers of each branch of government over the other two


Legislative branch s power over

Legislative branch’s power over:

Executive

Override veto, impeachment

Judicial

approve judicial appointments, impeachment


Executive branch s power over

Executive branch’s power over:

Legislative

veto, special session

Judicial

appoints judges


Judicial branch s power over

Judicial branch’s power over:

Legislative

judicial review – declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

Executive

judicial review – declare executive actions to be unconstitutional


What is federalism

What is “federalism”?

A system of government in which power is shared between the local, state, and national levels of government


Powers of national government

Powers of national government

Expressed

Implied

Description: Powers directly granted by the Constitution, or needed to carry out expressed powers


List some examples of expressed and implied powers

List some examples of expressed and implied powers.

  • Maintain an army/navy (exp)

  • Declare war (exp)

  • Form a national bank (imp)

  • Federal Aviation Administration (imp)


Powers of state and national

Powers of state and national

Concurrent

Description: Powers that are held by both national and state governments at the same time


List some examples of concurrent powers

List some examples of concurrent powers

  • Establish courts

  • Collect taxes

  • Establish courts


Powers of state government

Powers of state government

Reserved

Description – The 10th Amendment grants rights not given or implied by the Constitution to the states


List some examples of reserved powers

List some examples of reserved powers

  • Establish schools

  • Conduct elections

  • Regulate marriages


What are the primary responsibilities of government at the state and national levels

What are the primary responsibilities of government at the state and national levels?

National – conduct foreign policy, regulate commerce, and provide common defense

State – promote public health, safety, and welfare


Where does local government authority and powers come from

Where does local government authority and powers come from?

The Virginia constitution and acts of the General Assembly


What are the three types of local government in virginia

What are the three types of local government in Virginia?

  • County

  • Town

  • City


Foundations of american constitutional government

List four government official that the Virginia constitution requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.

  • Sheriff

  • Clerk of the court

  • Commissioner of revenue

  • Treasurer


What is a charter

What is a “charter”?

A charter defines the powers that a city has as granted by the General Assembly.


What are the powers of local virginia governments

What are the powers of local Virginia governments?

  • Enforce state and local laws

  • Public health and safety]

  • Levy and collect taxes

  • Protect the environment

  • Regulate land use

  • Public education


Raise your hand to answer the following questions

Raise your hand to answer the following questions!


Complete the following statement

Complete the following statement

“…governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the __________.”


Foundations of american constitutional government

Governed


Foundations of american constitutional government

Once a year, Marion Middle School holds an election for student coucil. This is an example of what principle of government?

Representative government


Foundations of american constitutional government

A local police chief is arrested for embezzling money from the police department. This is an example of which principle of government?

Rule of law


What name is given to the following level and branch of government

What name is given to the following level and branch of government?

  • National Legislative

    Congress

  • State Executive

    Governor

  • Local Executive

    Mayor

  • State Judicial

    Virginia courts


In virginia who regulates land use protects the environment and provides public education

In Virginia, who regulates land use, protects the environment, and provides public education?

Local government


What is the best way to make a good grade

What is the best way to make a good grade?


What is the best way to make a good grade1

What is the best way to make a good grade?

Study!


Complete an a to z about unit 1 content review sheet right now

Complete an A to Z AboutUnit 1 Content review sheetRIGHT NOW!


  • Login