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Foundations of American Constitutional Government. Unit 1. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by

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Foundations of american constitutional government
Foundationsof American Constitutional Government

Unit 1


Relevant standards of learning
Relevant Standards of Learning

CE.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by

a) explaining the fundamental principles of consent of the governed, limited government, rule of law, democracy, and representative government

CE.6 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the national level by

a) describing the structure and powers of the national government

CE.7 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the state level by

a) describing the structure and powers of the state government

CE.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the local level by

a) describing the structure and powers of the local government;

b) explaining the relationship of local government to the state government


Student objectives
Student objectives

  • List and describe five fundamental principles of American constitutional governments. (CE.2a)

  • Explain the principle of separation of powers and the operation of checks and balances. (CE.6b)

  • Explain the structure and powers of local Virginia governments(CE.8a)

  • Explain the relationship of the various levels of government in a federal system. (CE.7b, CE.8b)



Limited government
Limited government States government.

Government is NOT all powerful and may only do those things people have given it the power to do.


What are some examples of limited government
What are some examples of “limited government”? States government.

  • Due process protections

  • Separation of powers

  • Checks and balances

  • Bill of Rights


Representative government
Representative government States government.

People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf.


What are some examples of representative government
What are some examples of “representative government”? States government.

  • President

  • Congress

  • Governor

  • Virginia General Assembly

  • School Boards


Consent of the governed
Consent of the governed States government.

People are the source of any and all government power. They give their permission to be governed.


What are some examples of consent of the governed
What are some examples of “consent of the governed”? States government.

  • Petitioning

  • Holding elective office

  • Obeying laws


Rule of law
Rule of law States government.

The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as are the people.


What are some examples of rule of law
What are some examples of States government.“rule of law”?

  • Impeachment

  • Arrest of a public official

  • Special investigators


Democracy
Democracy States government.

In a democratic form of government, the people rule.


What are some examples of democracy
What are some examples of States government.“democracy”?

  • Elections

  • Petitioning

  • Holding elective office

  • Campaigning

  • Expressing opinions



Separation of powers
Separation of Powers checks and balances?

The various functions of government (to make laws, to enforce laws, and to interpret laws) are conducted by three separate but co-equal branches


Checks and balances
Checks and Balances checks and balances?

Each of the three branches of government has powers over the other two branches so that no one branch can be too powerful



Local legislative
Local Legislative levels.

Board of Supervisors

Town or City Council

Makes laws for the locality


State legislative
State Legislative levels.

Virginia General Assembly

Makes laws for the commonwealth of Virginia


National legislative
National Legislative levels.

U. S. Congress

Makes laws for the United States


Local executive
Local Executive levels.

Mayor

Enforces local laws


State executive
State Executive levels.

Governor

Enforces laws of Virginia

Prepares state budget


National executive
National Executive levels.

President

Enforces U. S. laws

Prepares U. S. budget


Local judicial
Local Judicial levels.

State Courts

Hear cases involving local issues


State judicial
State Judicial levels.

State Courts

Hear cases involving state matters

Interpret the Virginia Constitution


National judicial
National Judicial levels.

Federal Courts

Hear cases involving U. S. laws

Interprets the U. S. Constitution



Legislative branch s power over
Legislative branch’s power over: two

Executive

Override veto, impeachment

Judicial

approve judicial appointments, impeachment


Executive branch s power over
Executive branch’s power over: two

Legislative

veto, special session

Judicial

appoints judges


Judicial branch s power over
Judicial branch’s power over: two

Legislative

judicial review – declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

Executive

judicial review – declare executive actions to be unconstitutional


What is federalism
What is “federalism”? two

A system of government in which power is shared between the local, state, and national levels of government


Powers of national government
Powers of national government two

Expressed

Implied

Description: Powers directly granted by the Constitution, or needed to carry out expressed powers


List some examples of expressed and implied powers
List some examples of expressed and implied powers. two

  • Maintain an army/navy (exp)

  • Declare war (exp)

  • Form a national bank (imp)

  • Federal Aviation Administration (imp)


Powers of state and national
Powers of state and national two

Concurrent

Description: Powers that are held by both national and state governments at the same time


List some examples of concurrent powers
List some examples of concurrent powers two

  • Establish courts

  • Collect taxes

  • Establish courts


Powers of state government
Powers of state government two

Reserved

Description – The 10th Amendment grants rights not given or implied by the Constitution to the states


List some examples of reserved powers
List some examples of reserved powers two

  • Establish schools

  • Conduct elections

  • Regulate marriages


What are the primary responsibilities of government at the state and national levels
What are the primary responsibilities of government at the state and national levels?

National – conduct foreign policy, regulate commerce, and provide common defense

State – promote public health, safety, and welfare


Where does local government authority and powers come from
Where does local government authority and powers come from? state and national levels?

The Virginia constitution and acts of the General Assembly


What are the three types of local government in virginia
What are the three types of local government in Virginia? state and national levels?

  • County

  • Town

  • City


List four government official that the Virginia constitution requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.

  • Sheriff

  • Clerk of the court

  • Commissioner of revenue

  • Treasurer


What is a charter
What is a “charter”? requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.

A charter defines the powers that a city has as granted by the General Assembly.


What are the powers of local virginia governments
What are the powers of local Virginia governments? requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.

  • Enforce state and local laws

  • Public health and safety]

  • Levy and collect taxes

  • Protect the environment

  • Regulate land use

  • Public education


Raise your hand to answer the following questions
Raise your hand to answer the following questions! requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.


Complete the following statement
Complete the following statement requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.

“…governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the __________.”


Governed requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.


Once a year, Marion Middle School holds an election for student coucil. This is an example of what principle of government?

Representative government


A local police chief is arrested for embezzling money from the police department. This is an example of which principle of government?

Rule of law


What name is given to the following level and branch of government
What name is given to the following level and branch of government?

  • National Legislative

    Congress

  • State Executive

    Governor

  • Local Executive

    Mayor

  • State Judicial

    Virginia courts


In virginia who regulates land use protects the environment and provides public education
In Virginia, who regulates land use, protects the environment, and provides public education?

Local government


What is the best way to make a good grade
What is the best way to make a good grade? environment, and provides public education?


What is the best way to make a good grade1
What is the best way to make a good grade? environment, and provides public education?

Study!


Complete an a to z about unit 1 content review sheet right now
Complete an A to Z About environment, and provides public education?Unit 1 Content review sheetRIGHT NOW!


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