Foundations of American Constitutional Government. Unit 1. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by
CE.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by
a) explaining the fundamental principles of consent of the governed, limited government, rule of law, democracy, and representative government
CE.6 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the national level by
a) describing the structure and powers of the national government
CE.7 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the state level by
a) describing the structure and powers of the state government
CE.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the local level by
a) describing the structure and powers of the local government;
b) explaining the relationship of local government to the state government
Government is NOT all powerful and may only do those things people have given it the power to do.
People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf.
People are the source of any and all government power. They give their permission to be governed.
The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as are the people.
In a democratic form of government, the people rule.
The various functions of government (to make laws, to enforce laws, and to interpret laws) are conducted by three separate but co-equal branches
Each of the three branches of government has powers over the other two branches so that no one branch can be too powerful
Board of Supervisors
Town or City Council
Makes laws for the locality
Virginia General Assembly
Makes laws for the commonwealth of Virginia
U. S. Congress
Makes laws for the United States
Enforces local laws
Enforces laws of Virginia
Prepares state budget
Enforces U. S. laws
Prepares U. S. budget
Hear cases involving local issues
Hear cases involving state matters
Interpret the Virginia Constitution
Hear cases involving U. S. laws
Interprets the U. S. Constitution
Override veto, impeachment
approve judicial appointments, impeachment
veto, special session
judicial review – declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
judicial review – declare executive actions to be unconstitutional
A system of government in which power is shared between the local, state, and national levels of government
Description: Powers directly granted by the Constitution, or needed to carry out expressed powers
Description: Powers that are held by both national and state governments at the same time
Description – The 10th Amendment grants rights not given or implied by the Constitution to the states
National – conduct foreign policy, regulate commerce, and provide common defense
State – promote public health, safety, and welfare
The Virginia constitution and acts of the General Assembly
A charter defines the powers that a city has as granted by the General Assembly.
“…governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the __________.”
Governed requires to be elected in each local jurisdiction.
Rule of law