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Bureaucracies as Regulators. Bureaucracies as Regulators. Regulation in the Economy and in Everyday Life Regulation: use of governmental authority to control or change some practice in the private sector A Full Day of Regulation

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bureaucracies as regulators1
Bureaucracies as Regulators
  • Regulation in the Economy and in Everyday Life
    • Regulation: use of governmental authority to control or change some practice in the private sector
    • A Full Day of Regulation
      • Federal agencies check, verify, and inspect many of the products and services we take for granted.
      • Federal and state agencies provide many services.
bureaucracies as regulators2
Bureaucracies as Regulators
  • Regulation: How It Grew, How It Works
    • All regulation contains these elements:
      • A grant of power and set of directions from Congress
      • A set of rules and guidelines by the regulatory agency itself
      • Some means of enforcing compliance with congressional goals and agency regulations
bureaucracies as regulators3
Bureaucracies as Regulators
  • Regulation: How It Grew, How It Works
    • Command-and-Control Policy: The government tells business how to reach certain goals, checks the progress, and punishes offenders.
    • Incentive System: market-like strategies used to manage public policy
    • Some agencies are proactive; some are reactive.
bureaucracies as regulators4
Bureaucracies as Regulators
  • Toward Deregulation
    • Deregulation: the lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities
    • Regulatory problems:
      • Raises prices
      • Hurts U.S.’s competitive position abroad
      • Does not always work well
    • But some argue regulation is needed
understanding bureaucracies
Understanding Bureaucracies
  • Bureaucracy and Democracy
    • Presidents Try to Control the Bureaucracy
      • Appoint the right people
      • Issue executive orders
        • Carry force of law and are used to implement policies
      • Alter an agency’s budget
      • Reorganize an agency
        • Creation of Department of Homeland Security
understanding bureaucracies1
Understanding Bureaucracies
  • Bureaucracy and Democracy
    • Congress Tries to Control the Bureaucracy
      • Influence appointment of agency heads
        • Senate confirms presidential nominees
      • Alter an agency’s budget
      • Hold oversight hearings
      • Rewrite legislation or make it more detailed
understanding bureaucracies2
Understanding Bureaucracies
  • Bureaucracy and Democracy
    • Iron Triangles and Issue Networks
      • Iron Triangles: a mutually dependent relationship between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees
      • Exist independently of each other
      • They are tough, but not impossible, to get rid of
      • Some argue they are being replaced by wider issue networks that focus on more than one policy.
understanding bureaucracies4
Understanding Bureaucracies
  • Bureaucracy and the Scope of Government
    • The size of federal bureaucracy is an example of a government out of control.
    • Even though the size of the bureaucracy has shrunk
    • Some agencies don’t have enough resources to do what they are expected to do.
    • Bureaucracy only carries out policies; Congress and the president decide what needs to be done.
summary
Summary
  • Bureaucrats shape policy as administrators, implementers, and regulators.
  • Bureaucracy’s primary responsibility is the implementation of public policy.
  • Federal bureaucracy has not grown but has in fact shrunk of late.
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