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The American Revolution Unit # 6 Part #2. American Soldiers. English Soldiers. The Causes of the American revolution 1763 - 1774. British Government Versus British Colonists. Viewing Guide – The American Revolution: From Colonies to Constitution

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Presentation Transcript

The

American

Revolution

Unit # 6

Part #2

American Soldiers

English

Soldiers


The Causes

of the

American revolution

1763 - 1774

British Government

Versus

British Colonists


  • Viewing Guide – The American Revolution: From Colonies to Constitution

  • Who won the French and Indian War?

  • What did the French lose?

  • To prevent another war, what did King George III do?

  • What was the law called?

  • What was the colonist reaction to the Proclamation?

  • Why did the colonist believe they were independent?

  • Why did the British need so much money?

  • What was the Sugar Act?

Britain

Hand over all American territory

Forbid settlers to go over into western frontier

Proclamation of 1763

Colonist became angry

British had not tried to control colonies

Debt of French and Indian Wars

Colonist paid a tariff (tax) on coffee, molasses, sugar, & wine


  • Why did the tariff upset the colonist? Constitution

  • Who was the most out spoken critique of the Act?

  • How did the British respond to the protest against the Sugar Act?

  • What new tax was placed on the colonist?

  • What products needed a stamp?

  • Who called for representatives to meet from each colony to decide how to handle the Stamp Act?

  • How many colonial representatives meet?

  • What was this meeting called?

Colonists had no representatives in Parliament

Samuel Adams

Reduced tax by 2/3

“The Stamp Act”

Paper, Almanac, official documents

John Adams

9

Stamp Act Congress


  • What was the purpose of the Declaratory Act? Constitution

  • What was the purpose of the Quartering Act?

  • What term means “to refuse to buy certain goods for political reasons”?

  • What was the purpose of the Townshend Act?

  • What did the British do to enforce the acts of Parliament?

  • What was a “Writ of Assistance”?

  • What happened at the Boston Massacre?

  • What was the job of “The Committee of Correspondence”?

To show that Parliament had the right to pass any law

To provide British soldiers with housing and food

Boycott

Collect indirect taxes

Sent a fleet of ships & troops to occupy Boston

Allow soldiers to search without a warrant

5 American colonist killed during a tax protest

Write letters to keep all the colonists aware of problems


Dump a ship load of tea into Boston Harbor

Punish Boston for the Tea Party

Decide how to deal with “The Intolerable Act”

F

T

T

T

F


  • What was the message carried by Paul Revere to the minutemen state?

  • Why did the British march toward Concord?

  • Who were the minutemen?

  • How many minutemen went to fight at the Lexington?

  • How many colonists died at Lexington?

  • How many minutemen (militia) will eventually come to fight the British on their trip back to Boston?

  • How many musket shots would actually hit something?

British are coming

Get weapons and ammunition

Militia – citizen soldiers

77

8

Over 4,000

1 out 300


  • How many British soldiers were killed on the way to Concord and back to Boston?

  • How many people lived in the colonies at the beginning of French & Indian War?

  • How could colonists become wealthy?

  • What percent were English or of English descent?

  • Where was most slavery concentrated?

  • What crop did the colonists need slaves for?

73

2 ½ million

Hard work – staying with it

70%

South

tobacco


  • What products did New England export? and back to Boston?

  • What were beans and dry fish sold for?

  • What river valley came into conflict between the English, French, and Native Americans?

  • Who were the English colonists afraid of?

  • Who led the soldiers that started the French and Indian War?

  • What was the name of the Native American leader with Washington?

Rum

Slaves in West Indies

Ohio

French and Natives

George Washington

Half King


5 and back to Boston?

  • How long did the war last in America? In Europe?

  • The defeat of what city, ended the French and Indian War?

  • After the French and Indian War, how much tax per year did a colonist pay to England?

  • What was the largest city in the colonies? Second largest?

  • Who was the most important man for his ideas in the colonies?

  • What act affected all the colonists?

7

Quebec

$1. 20 a year

Philadelphia

Boston

James Otis

Stamp Act


Tories

Tar and Feathers

King George III

Sent troops


Crispus Attucks

23,000 lbs

No Taxation Without Representation

Split them up


Bunker Hill

One Big Battle


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