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Inca. The Inca controlled an empire in the Andes Mountain region of South America. Government. The Sapa Inca (emperor) had absolute power. The emperor claimed to be the son of the sun . The emperor was also the empire’s religious leader. Modern Cuzco- Ancient capital of Inca.

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Inca

Inca


Inca

The Inca controlled an empire in the Andes Mountain region of South America.


Government

Government

The Sapa Inca (emperor) had absolute power.

The emperor claimed to be the son of the sun.

The emperor was also the empire’s religious leader.


Modern cuzco ancient capital of inca

Modern Cuzco- Ancient capital of Inca.

The empire was divided into four regions with the capital at Cuzco.


Uniting the empire

Uniting the Empire

  • The Inca built a massive road network through mountains and across rivers and gorges.


Stonework

Stonework

  • The Inca constructed stone temples without using mortars yet the stones fit together so well that a knife would not fit between the stones.


Religion

Religion

  • The Inca were polytheistic.

  • The primary god was Inti, the sun god.


Elongated skulls

Elongated Skulls

.

The Inca practiced cranial deformation

Cranial Deformation


Medical advances

Medical Advances

Inca priests were also doctors

Brain Surgery- Trepanation


New world food columbian exchange

New World Food(Columbian Exchange)

Corn, Tomatoes, Beans and many other foods are introduced to Europe from Latin America.


What happened to the inca

What happened to the Inca?

  • Civil war in the empire broke out...

    AND

  • Smallpox spread, killing much of the Inca…


Fall of the inca

Fall of the Inca

  • BUT ultimately, it was Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro that brought about the fall of the Inca Empire and Emperor Atahualpa.


Inca video clip

Inca Video Clip

http://www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID=2301


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