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Inca - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Inca. The Inca controlled an empire in the Andes Mountain region of South America. Government. The Sapa Inca (emperor) had absolute power. The emperor claimed to be the son of the sun . The emperor was also the empire’s religious leader. Modern Cuzco- Ancient capital of Inca.

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The Sapa Inca (emperor) had absolute power.

The emperor claimed to be the son of the sun.

The emperor was also the empire’s religious leader.

modern cuzco ancient capital of inca
Modern Cuzco- Ancient capital of Inca.

The empire was divided into four regions with the capital at Cuzco.

uniting the empire
Uniting the Empire
  • The Inca built a massive road network through mountains and across rivers and gorges.
  • The Inca constructed stone temples without using mortars yet the stones fit together so well that a knife would not fit between the stones.
  • The Inca were polytheistic.
  • The primary god was Inti, the sun god.
elongated skulls
Elongated Skulls


The Inca practiced cranial deformation

Cranial Deformation

medical advances
Medical Advances

Inca priests were also doctors

Brain Surgery- Trepanation

new world food columbian exchange
New World Food(Columbian Exchange)

Corn, Tomatoes, Beans and many other foods are introduced to Europe from Latin America.

what happened to the inca
What happened to the Inca?
  • Civil war in the empire broke out...


  • Smallpox spread, killing much of the Inca…
fall of the inca
Fall of the Inca
  • BUT ultimately, it was Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro that brought about the fall of the Inca Empire and Emperor Atahualpa.
inca video clip
Inca Video Clip