Exploration the colonial era
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 34

BEGINNINGS TO 1763 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 229 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

EXPLORATION & THE COLONIAL ERA. BEGINNINGS TO 1763. THE AMERICAS, WEST AFRICA, AND EUROPE – SECTION 1. Aztecs Founded in what is now Mexico City Mayans Developed advanced math, astronomy, and a calendar Incas Developed road system and strong central government. NATIVE AMERICAS IN 1400S.

Download Presentation

BEGINNINGS TO 1763

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Exploration the colonial era

EXPLORATION & THE COLONIAL ERA

BEGINNINGS TO 1763


The americas west africa and europe section 1

THE AMERICAS, WEST AFRICA, AND EUROPE – SECTION 1

  • Aztecs

    • Founded in what is now Mexico City

  • Mayans

    • Developed advanced math, astronomy, and a calendar

  • Incas

    • Developed road system and strong central government


Native americas in 1400s

NATIVE AMERICAS IN 1400S

  • Native American societies in North America were as varied as the geography

  • The Pueblo (SW) and Iroquois (NE) were two famous tribes

  • Most of the tribes in America had common religious views, trade patterns & values


West african societies of the 1400s

WEST AFRICAN SOCIETIES OF THE 1400S

  • Old World- Europe and parts of Asia and Africa

  • New World- North, Central, and South America

  • Beringia Land Bridge- ice age bridge Asia and N. America (12,ooo years ago)

  • First Europeans to discover the Americas- the Vikings in 1000.


European societies of the 1400s

EUROPEAN SOCIETIES OF THE 1400S

  • European villages had a long tradition of social hierarchy – complete with nobles, merchants & peasants

  • Christianityplayed a critical role – religious leaders had power

  • The Reformation in the early 1500s led to a split in the church

Martin Luther


European exploration

EUROPEAN EXPLORATION

  • Spanish were the first to arrive in N. America

    • Spaniards came for “God, Gold, and Glory” (Most importantly gold)

    • They converted the natives to Roman Catholicism and used them as laborers until they were replaced by Africans.

  • France’s King claimed New France (today Canada and parts of the northeast U.S.) based on the travels of Jacques Cartier

    • 1608- first successful French colony in Quebec

    • Depended on the fur trade


Usa test prep

USA Test Prep

  • School Name: Landrum High School

  • Subscription: South Carolina HSAP/ EOCEP

  • Username: landrumsc

  • Student Password: newton62

  • [email protected]


Spanish north america section 2

SPANISH NORTH AMERICA – SECTION 2

  • Columbus crosses the Atlantic in October of 1492 and lands in San Salvador (“Holy Savoir”)‏

  • He spent about 3 months exploring Islands in the Bahamas

  • Europeans used advanced weapons to force locals into labor: Plantation System

  • Disease devastated Native population


Impact of columbus

IMPACT OF COLUMBUS

  • Columbus made FOURvoyages to the New World

  • Columbus gets the help from Spain. Why?

  • This changes the economy and power structure in Europe.


Beginnings to 1763

Old World to New World:

New World to Old World:

Diseases:

Smallpox Measles

PlagueChicken PoxMalariaYellow FeverInfluenzaThe Common Cold

Typhoid

Cholera

Syphilis

The Columbian Biological Exchange


The columbian biological exchange

Old World to New World:

New World to Old World:

Animals:

Horses CattlePigsSheepGoatsChickens

Donkeys and Mules

Black Rats

TurkeysLlamasAlpacasGuinea Pigs

Gray Squirrels

The Columbian Biological Exchange


The columbian biological exchange1

Old World to New World:

New World to Old World:

Plants:

Food Crops:

Rice WheatBarleySoybeansMelonsLettuce and other VegetablesRagweedKentucky Bluegrass

Cash Crops:

Sugarcane

Bananas

Coffee

Citrus and Stone Fruits

Olives

Wine Grapes

Food Crops:

Corn (Maize)Potatoes (White & Sweet Varieties)Beans (Snap, Kidney, & Lima)Manioc (Tapioca)

PeanutsSquashTomatoes

Cash Crops:

Tobacco

CottonPineapplesCacao (Source of Chocolate)Chicle (Source of Chewing Gum)Papayas And GuavasPeppersAvocados

Coca (Cocaine)

The Columbian Biological Exchange


Spain claims a new empire

SPAIN CLAIMS A NEW EMPIRE

  • Spanish explorers (Conquistadors) seized much of the Americas

  • Cortes conquered the Aztecs in Mexico

  • Pizzaro conquered the Incas in Peru

  • Exploitation of local populations was significant – Encomienda System


Spain explores southwest and western america

SPAIN EXPLORES SOUTHWEST AND WESTERN AMERICA

  • Spain led the way until they are defeated in a naval battle in the North Sea and English Channel by the English Navy. 1588/Spanish Armada

California Missions


Early british colonies section 3

EARLY BRITISH COLONIES – SECTION 3

  • Beginning in the early 1600s, the English established colonies along the eastern coast of North America

  • Imperialism- acquiring territories outside established borders (one country ruling another)

  • Reasons for Colonization:

    • 1. British needed a base to fight against the Spanish ships and cities (military advantage)

    • 2. English merchants wanted new markets (more money)

    • 3. Place for those without homes or jobs (more space)


Early british colonies section 31

EARLY BRITISH COLONIES – SECTION 3


Early british colonies section 32

EARLY BRITISH COLONIES – SECTION 3


Early british colonies section 33

EARLY BRITISH COLONIES – SECTION 3

  • Lost Colony of Roanoke Island- settled by Walter Raleigh

    • Vanished in three years (no idea how)

    • Virginia Dare- first English child born in America

  • 1607: Jamestown was first to be settled

  • John Smith led this group of settlers

  • Colony struggled at first, then was saved by Tobacco crop (“Virginia Gold”)

    • Required large amounts of labor

      • First were indentured servants- poor people in debt


Puritans create a new england

PURITANS CREATE A “NEW ENGLAND”

  • Pilgrims come to Plymouth in 1620

    • Mayflower Compact (self-government)

    • Separatists from the English Church

  • Puritans had no religious tolerance (purify Catholicism)

    • Mass. Bay Co.

    • Salem Witch Trials- accused many of being witches (20 executed)

PURITAN, OR “PILGRIM”


Colonists meet resistance

COLONISTS MEET RESISTANCE

  • New England Colonists (Puritans) soon conflicted with the Native Americans over land & religion

  • King Philip’s War was fought in 1675 between the Natives and Puritans ending a year later with many dead and the Natives retreating


Settling the middle colonies

SETTLING THE MIDDLE COLONIES

  • New England-Above New York

  • Middle Colonies- NY to Delaware

  • Southern Colonies- Maryland to Georgia


England s colonies prosper

ENGLAND’S COLONIES PROSPER

  • Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, more British Colonies were established

  • By 1752, the English Crown had assumed more & more responsibility for the 13 colonies

  • Mercantilism & Navigation Acts were two such ways that the English government controlled the colonies

King George III


Beginnings to 1763

MERCANTILISM: AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM IN WHICH NATIONS SEEK TO INCREASE THEIR WEALTH BY OBTAINING GOLD & SILVER AND WITH A FAVORABLE BALANCE OF TRADE

MERCANTILISM


Navigation acts

NAVIGATION ACTS

  • Series of laws that kept colonies from competing with England.

  • Colonies exist to serve as source of raw materials and markets for good made in England


The colonies come of age section 4

THE COLONIES COME OF AGE – SECTION 4

  • New England, Middle Colonies, and the South – all developed distinct economies and societies

  • In the South, rural Plantationswith a single cash crop were common

  • Small Southern farmers (Germans, Scots, Irish) and African slaves made up the majority of people

Southern Plantation


The middle passage

THE MIDDLE PASSAGE

  • Slaves carried from Africa’s West Coast to New World


Africans maintain parts of their culture

AFRICANS MAINTAIN PARTS OF THEIR CULTURE

  • Despite enslavement, Africans coped with the horrors of slavery via music, dance, and storytelling

  • Slaves also resisted their position of subservience by faking illness, breaking tools, or work slowdowns

  • Others were more radical and tried escape & revolt


The enlightenment and the great awakening

THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE GREAT AWAKENING

  • 1700s: An intellectual movement known as the Enlightenmentbegan in Europe and a religious movement known as the Great Awakening started in the Colonies

  • The Enlightenment emphasized reason, science, and observation and led to the discovery of natural laws

  • Copernicus, Galileo, Franklin and Newton were key figures


Religious revival the great awakening

RELIGIOUS REVIVAL: THE GREAT AWAKENING

  • Stirred the Colonies to question authority.

  • Impact on the Revolution-sparked Democratic Ideas that made Americans question England’s unfair treatment.


French and indian war aka the seven years war

FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR/Aka the Seven Years War

  • Competition in North America led to a war (1754-1763) between old rivals France and England

  • The French in North America were tradesmen (furs) not long-term inhabitants

  • Ohio River valley was the site of the conflict

  • The Colonists supported the British while the Natives supported the French

FRENCH INDIAN WAR BY NAT YOUNGBLOOD


Britain defeats an old enemy

BRITAIN DEFEATS AN OLD ENEMY

  • The Treaty of Paris (1763) gave the British Control of Canada and the Ohio Valley.

  • The French were gone from N. America and England with a huge war debt

WILLIAM PITT ON A COIN


Proclamation line of 1763

PROCLAMATION LINE OF 1763

  • To avoid further costly conflicts with Native Americans, the British government prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains

  • The Proclamation established a line along the Appalachian that colonists could not cross (They did anyway)‏

  • Next- More taxes and Revolution


  • Login