Culture
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Culture PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 109 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Culture. The totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior, including Ideas Values Customs Artifacts. “Culture is the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people’s way of life.”. Norms. Symbols. Language. Elements of Culture.

Download Presentation

Culture

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Culture

Culture

The totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior, including

Ideas

Values

Customs

Artifacts

“Culture is the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people’s way of life.”


Culture

Norms

Symbols

Language

Elements of Culture

Material Culture and Technology

Values and Beliefs


Symbols

Symbols

Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.


Language

A system of symbols and word meanings recognized by people who share a culture

Linguistic Relativity

(Sapir-Worf) hypothesis –

Language actually shapes the reality of our culture. If we do not have a word for something it likely has no meaning for us.

Language

朋友ndugu

φίλος друг

amieamica

vriendfriend


Norms established standards of behavior maintained by society

Formal norms – generally written down and involve strict rules for violations

Normsestablished standards of behavior maintained by society

Informal norms – generally understood, but not precisely recorded

Laws– codified formal norms


Norms established standards of behavior maintained by society1

Normsestablished standards of behavior maintained by society

  • Mores – norms deemed highly necessary for the welfare of society; embody the most cherished principles of a people

  • Folkways – norms governing everyday behavior; violation brings little concern


Norms established standards of behavior maintained by society2

Normsestablished standards of behavior maintained by society

  • Taboos – norms governing what is absolutely unacceptable in a society; though many are universal, some vary from culture to culture


Values and beliefs

Values and Beliefs

  • Collective conceptions of what is considered good, desirable, and proper in society

  • Sometimes a society’s values & beliefs may contradict each other


Values and beliefs ten key values of u s culture identified by sociologist robin williams

Values and BeliefsTen key values of U.S. cultureidentified by sociologist Robin Williams:

1. Equal opportunity

2. Achievement and success

3. Material comfort

4. Activity and work

5. Practicality and efficiency

6. Progress

7. Science

8. Democracy and free enterprise

9. Freedom

10. Racism and group superiority


Material culture and technology

Material Culture and Technology

Artifacts – the tangible items within a culture

Clothing

Tools

Furnishings

Technology – knowledge and understanding people use to make a way of life

Stick

Windmill

Computer


Cultural diversity

Cultural Diversity

High culture – patterns that identify or are associated with the social elite

Popular culture – patterns that are widespread among a culture


Cultural diversity1

Cultural Diversity

Subculture – cultural patterns that set some groups apart from the rest of society, while they still maintain a general acceptance of the dominant culture

Counter culture – cultural patterns that widely oppose those accepted within society


Cultural diversity2

Cultural Diversity

Ethnocentrism – viewing one’s own culture as the ideal and judging others based on it

Xenocentrism – view another culture as more ideal than one’s own


Cultural diversity3

Cultural Diversity

Multiculturalism – recognizing cultural diversity and promoting equality for all cultural traditions

Cultural relativism – judging a culture according to its own standards


  • Login