Calvinism arminianism
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Calvinism - Arminianism. Week 4. Background. Taught by: Presbyterian, Lutheran, Reformed, Episcopal, Baptist(?) churches. Called Calvinism because Calvin developed it most coherently & recently. Augustine 1st developed it fully.

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Calvinism - Arminianism

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Calvinism arminianism

Calvinism - Arminianism

Week 4


Background

Background

  • Taught by: Presbyterian, Lutheran, Reformed, Episcopal, Baptist(?) churches.

  • Called Calvinism because Calvin developed it most coherently & recently. Augustine 1st developed it fully.

  • Both Augustine & Calvin were reacting to "Salvation by works" doctrines common to their days.

  • Luther, Cavin, Zwingli, Melanchthon, Knox, other reformers taught it

  • Melanchthon later denied it, so that Lutherans generally oppose it.

  • A part of the "Westminster confession of faith"

ABSOLUTE PLAN: Everything predestined, down to the minutest details

Scriptures: See Statement #1, later in handout

“God does whatever He wants to do, contingent only upon Himself.”

Issue=God's Sovereignty Basis for Calvinistic Thought


T u l i p

> Were YOU seeking after God? \ Didn't You need Irresistable grace?

T.U.L.I.P.

Double predestination: foreordination of heaven & hell destinies

Infralapsarian - Supralapsariandebate: wether God created man in order to give him a destiny of heaven or hell (Supralapsarian)

or gave man a destiny as a result of the fall (Infralapsarian)

Calvin called this the "Horrible Decree" (Dictum Horibulum)

  • Total Depravity: Rom.3:10,11; Col.1:29 Everything within man totally corrupted, even his ability to choose (will).

  • Unconditional Election: not dependant on man at all Prov. 16:4; Acts 13:48; Eph.1:3,4; 1Pet.2:8 Reasons for Election are known only to God, not dependent on man AT ALL (because of Total Depravity).

  • Limited Atonement: only believer's sins are paid for.

  • Irresistible Grace: no decisiveness involved. Jn.6:37,44,65; Rom.9:16. Grace means nothing deserved on man's part.

  • Perserverence of the Saints: i.e., eternal security.

Dallas Rejects (4 point calvinist)

All a man can do is sit back and "Receive it".

Any Decision = "Work" and thus deny Grace.

a] Calvin & Augustine's reaction to "works" theologies of their day.

b] Support:; See #3 From handout: God overrules human will.


Calvinism arminianism

Bible Notes


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