February revolution recap
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February Revolution: Recap. Causes of February Revolution. What are the basic Social, Political, Economic & in this case Military factors that contributed to the February Revolution? . Historiography. SOVIET VIEW The fall of Tsarism was part of inevitable change

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February Revolution: Recap

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February revolution recap

February Revolution: Recap


Causes of february revolution

Causes of February Revolution

What are the basic Social, Political, Economic & in this case Military factors that contributed to the February Revolution?


Historiography

Historiography

SOVIET VIEW

  • The fall of Tsarism was part of inevitable change

  • It would have happened with or without the war

    N.B. Written during Soviet dictatorship, little access to archives though many were serious historians.

LIBERAL VIEW

  • Tsarism was vulnerable before war (long term factors)

  • War was just final straw

  • Bolsheviks not seen as hugely important

    N.B. Relied on memoirs, no access to archives.


Historiography1

Historiography

REVISIONISTS

  • Challenge traditional views

  • WWI made revolutionary feeling increasingly political

  • Feb was unorganised & chaotic

    N.B. Revisionists argue amongst themselves

POST GLASNOST

  • Critical of Communism

  • More sympathetic to Nicholas II

  • Russian writers after the fall of Communism in 1990

  • Sometimes go over the top!


February revolution recap

To what extent was the collapse of Tsarist autocracy by February 1917 due to social and economic, rather than military, factors?

Economic: Figes ‘Born in the bread queues’

Political: Smith ‘collapse of popular support in the govt.’

Social: Service, ‘Nicholas II…it was the general situation and not his personality that enfeebled the regime…’

Military: Acton, ‘…not the workers movement but the soldiers’ mutiny’


Your argument

Your argument….

Focus: social & economic rather than military

SO…….

Because, because, because, because……


February revolution recap

Figes agues that the February Revolution was ‘born in the bread queues’.

  • Explain what he means by this

  • EVIDENCE that economic problems were a cause of the Feb Rev. SOLID FACTS, NOT WAFFLE!

  • What does this evidence mean? In what way does it show that economic factors were a cause of Feb Rev?

  • However, does anyone disagree with Figes argument?

  • Why do they disagree?

  • Is there any evidence to suggest that economic factors were not the most important cause?

  • Explain why the evidence suggest that.

  • What does your essay believe/argue?

  • Why does your essay believe this?


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