LING 304 SEMANTICS. YANBU UNIVERSITY COLLEGE APPLIED LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT FIRST SEMESTER-131 Prepared by : Ms. Sahar Deknash. Linguistics and Semantics.
YANBU UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
APPLIED LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT
Prepared by : Ms. SaharDeknash
Semantics is defined as one branch of theoretical linguistics ( pure linguistics) that studies the linguistic meaning ( lexical meaning) of words, phrases and sentences. When we study the meaning of words, we usually concentrate on the denotative ( literal ) meaning more than the connotative meaning.Lexical Semanticsis concerned with the meaning of morphemes and words; Compositional Semanticsis concerned with the meaning of phrases and sentences.
Semantics deals usually with the philosophical, psychological, linguistics and social aspects of the words, phrase and sentences. It studies the relationship between the form and the meaning.
So far, meaning is a very complicated matter and there is no exact theory about how languages determine meaning.
It refers to the basic meaning of a word that can be obtained from the dictionary that is common to all native speakers of a language. It is actually what the word refers to or signifies.
The word needle is defined as a sharp, thin metal tool.
It refers to the figurative use of the meaning of a word that can be common between people or specific to an individual according to his personal experience with the assigned word. Some words have positive or negative connotation. It refers to the personal and psychological attachment of the person toward that word.
The word needle is associated with meanings like: blood, pain, drug and hard to find.
The associative meaning of an expression has to do with individual mental understandings of the speaker.
Relative Meaning (subjective) pain, drug and hard to find.
- It is a group of words found in most languages which are relative in meaning.
light/heavy pain, drug and hard to find.
Verbs: shorten/ lengthen
Collocative meaning pain, drug and hard to find.:
It describes words regularly appear together in common use with certain contexts.
It concerns itself with how the order of words spoken affect the meaning that is entailed.
Speaker meaning and sentence ( word) meaning: pain, drug and hard to find.
It is possible for a speaker to convey a quite intelligible intention by using a sentence whose literal meaning is contradictory or nonsensical. To account for this, it is necessary to analyze it at two levels:
THANK pain, drug and hard to find.YOU
PREPARE UNIT TWO
SENTENCES, UTTERANCES AND PROPOSITIONS