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El presente perfecto. ¿Qué es el presente perfecto?. The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle. Por ejemplo…. For example: I have played tennis. She has sung at weddings. We have flown in a plane. Para formar in inglés.

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qu es el presente perfecto
¿Qué es el presente perfecto?

The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle

por ejemplo
Por ejemplo…
  • For example:
    • I have played tennis.
    • She has sung at weddings.
    • We have flown in a plane.
para formar in ingl s
Para formar in inglés
  • To form the present participle we combine the helping verb “have/has” with a past participle
    • For example, “I have been a lifeguard.”
      • “I” is the subject
      • “have” is the helping verb
      • “been” is the past participle
para formar en espa ol
Para formar en español
  • In Spanish we form the present participle by combining the present tense of the verb haber (the helping verb, or el verbo auxiliar)with a past participle
    • For example:
      • Yo he bailado.

I have danced.

      • Nosotros no hemos estudiado para el examen.

We haven’t studied for the test.

remember
Remember…

How to form the past participle:

  • For –ar verbs, take the stem of the verb and add –ado

Example: comprar → comprado

  • For –er and –ir verbs, take the stem of the verb and add –ido

Example: tener → tenido

para formar
Para formar…

Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar:

para formar1
Para formar…

As you can see I have combined the present forms of haber (the helping verbs)

now you try
Now you try…

On a sheet of paper, see if you can figure out the present perfect forms for the verb hablar:

let s try another
Let’s try another…

Now see if you can form the present perfect forms of the verb tomar:

now let s try an er verb
Now let’s try an –er verb

See if you can come up with the present perfect forms for comer:

slide19
Many of you may have assumed that ir had an irregular past participle. Afterall, it does have an irregular present participle. But ir is actually regular in this tense. Here are some verbs that are irregular in the past participle:
not exactly irregular but
Not exactly irregular but…

-er and –ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel have past participles ending in –ído

caer → caído creer → creído

leer → leído oír → oído

reír → reído traer → traído

irregulars
Irregulars

The following verbs have irregular past participles ending in –to:

abrir → abierto cubrir → cubierto

descubrir → descubierto escribir → escrito

morir → muerto poner → puesto

romper → roto ver → visto

volver → vuelto

more irregulars
More irregulars

These verbs have irregular past participles ending in –cho:

decir → dicho

hacer → hecho

practiquemos
¡Practiquemos!

See if you can form the correct present perfect using the subject and verb given.

Modelo: yo / decidir → He decidido

1. ella / abrir

Ha abierto

2. Marta y yo / tocar

Hemos tocado

3. Gonzalo / crecer

Ha crecido

slide24
4. Tú y tus amigos / reír

Han reído ó habéis reído

5. Mis padres / hacer

Han hecho

6. Tus abuelos / cubrir

Han cubierto

7. Rogelio y Ramón / escribir

Han escrito

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