El presente perfecto
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El presente perfecto. ¿Qué es el presente perfecto?. The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle. Por ejemplo…. For example: I have played tennis. She has sung at weddings. We have flown in a plane. Para formar in inglés.

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El presente perfecto

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El presente perfecto

El presente perfecto


Qu es el presente perfecto

¿Qué es el presente perfecto?

The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle


Por ejemplo

Por ejemplo…

  • For example:

    • I have played tennis.

    • She has sung at weddings.

    • We have flown in a plane.


Para formar in ingl s

Para formar in inglés

  • To form the present participle we combine the helping verb “have/has” with a past participle

    • For example, “I have been a lifeguard.”

      • “I” is the subject

      • “have” is the helping verb

      • “been” is the past participle


Para formar en espa ol

Para formar en español

  • In Spanish we form the present participle by combining the present tense of the verb haber (the helping verb, or el verbo auxiliar)with a past participle

    • For example:

      • Yo he bailado.

        I have danced.

      • Nosotros no hemos estudiado para el examen.

        We haven’t studied for the test.


The present tense of haber

The present tense of haber


Remember

Remember…

How to form the past participle:

  • For –ar verbs, take the stem of the verb and add –ado

    Example: comprar → comprado

  • For –er and –ir verbs, take the stem of the verb and add –ido

    Example: tener → tenido


Para formar

Para formar…

Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar:


Para formar1

Para formar…

As you can see I have combined the present forms of haber (the helping verbs)


El presente perfecto

…with the past participle of estudiar


Now you try

Now you try…

On a sheet of paper, see if you can figure out the present perfect forms for the verb hablar:


El presente perfecto

Is this what you came up with?


Let s try another

Let’s try another…

Now see if you can form the present perfect forms of the verb tomar:


El presente perfecto

Is this what you got?


Now let s try an er verb

Now let’s try an –er verb

See if you can come up with the present perfect forms for comer:


El presente perfecto

Is this what you came up with?


El presente perfecto

Let’s try another one…see if you can come up with the present perfect tense of ir:


El presente perfecto

Is this what you came up with?


El presente perfecto

Many of you may have assumed that ir had an irregular past participle. Afterall, it does have an irregular present participle. But ir is actually regular in this tense. Here are some verbs that are irregular in the past participle:


Not exactly irregular but

Not exactly irregular but…

-er and –ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel have past participles ending in –ído

caer → caídocreer → creído

leer → leídooír → oído

reír → reídotraer → traído


Irregulars

Irregulars

The following verbs have irregular past participles ending in –to:

abrir → abiertocubrir → cubierto

descubrir → descubiertoescribir → escrito

morir → muertoponer → puesto

romper → rotover → visto

volver → vuelto


More irregulars

More irregulars

These verbs have irregular past participles ending in –cho:

decir → dicho

hacer → hecho


Practiquemos

¡Practiquemos!

See if you can form the correct present perfect using the subject and verb given.

Modelo: yo / decidir → He decidido

1.ella / abrir

Ha abierto

2.Marta y yo / tocar

Hemos tocado

3.Gonzalo / crecer

Ha crecido


El presente perfecto

4.Tú y tus amigos / reír

Han reído ó habéis reído

5.Mis padres / hacer

Han hecho

6.Tus abuelos / cubrir

Han cubierto

7.Rogelio y Ramón / escribir

Han escrito


Y para m s pr ctica

Y para más práctica…


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