section 2 4 there ain t no such things as ghosts
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Section 2.4 There Ain’t No Such Things as Ghosts

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 7

Section 2.4 There Ain’t No Such Things as Ghosts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 59 Views
  • Uploaded on

Section 2.4 There Ain’t No Such Things as Ghosts. Mind as Myth. Eliminative Materialism. According to eliminative materialism , there are no mental states. So reference to mental states should be eliminated from our theories of behavior.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Section 2.4 There Ain’t No Such Things as Ghosts' - xyla-cantu


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
eliminative materialism
Eliminative Materialism
  • According to eliminative materialism, there are no mental states.
  • So reference to mental states should be eliminated from our theories of behavior.
  • Eliminativists believe that mental states are to brains as demons are to disease; they are an illusion.
thought experiment rorty s demons
Thought Experiment: Rorty’s Demons
  • Certain tribes believe that diseases are caused by demons.
  • We don’t share that belief because we can explain diseases without appeal to demons.
  • Similarly, Rorty claims, once we can explain behavior without appeal to mental states there will be no reason to believe they exist.
folk psychology
Folk Psychology
  • Folk psychology is our common-sense theory of the mind that explains people’s behavior in terms of mental states like belief and desire.
  • Eliminative materialists believe that psychologists will be able to explain people’s behavior without referring to mental states.
thought experiment searle s chevrolet station wagon
Thought Experiment:Searle’s Chevrolet Station Wagon
  • Physicists can explain much of reality without using folk concepts such as “golf club,” “tennis racket,” or “Chevrolet station wagon.”
  • But that doesn’t mean that golf clubs, tennis rackets, and Chevrolet station wagons don’t exist.
subjective knowledge
Subjective Knowledge
  • If either reductive or eliminative materialism were true, it would be possible to provide a complete description of the world in purely physical terms, for there would be no nonphysical things or properties.
  • But would a complete knowledge of all the physical facts about the world really give us a complete knowledge of the world?
thought experiment jackson s color challenged scientist
Thought Experiment: Jackson’s Color-Challenged Scientist
  • Suppose Mary knows all the physical information about the visual process, but has never seen a colored object.
  • Now suppose that she sees a colored object for the first time.
  • Will she learn anything new? If so, it seems that physical properties are not the only properties in the world.
ad