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welcome. 非谓语动词(复习) non-infinitive. 梅林中学 吴丽璇. Multiple choice. ____ late in the morning , Bob turned off the alarm. To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having slept 2001 春季高考 第21题.

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Welcome 5208043

welcome


Welcome 5208043

非谓语动词(复习)

non-infinitive

梅林中学 吴丽璇


Welcome 5208043

Multiple choice

  • ____ late in the morning , Bob turned off the alarm.

  • To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having slept

  • 2001春季高考 第21题

  • 2.___ a letter from her parents, Lily is now looking forward

  • to ___ from them.

  • Having not received; hear B. Not received; hear

  • C. Not having received; hearing D. Receiving not; hearing

V/phrases +ing: appreciate; avoid; can’t help; consider; enjoy; escape; finish; give up; imagine; insist on; keep(on); mind;miss…

devote oneself to; pay attention to; be used to; get down to…


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近五年非谓语动词在高考中的复现率


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非谓语动词

不定式

过去分词

-ing 形式


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近五年不定式考查了5道题,主要考查了不定式做宾语和

表语。此外还考了不定式的时态和否定形式。

不定式的作用

不定式

不定式的时态

不定式的否定形式


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1.作状语

过去分词

2.作定语

3.作表语

4.作补语


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[例1] NMET 2000 第19题

I’ve work with children before, so I know what ___ in my job.

A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects

不定式的作用

1

解析

不定式

B

该题考查疑问+不定式在句中做宾语的用法。英语中有一些动词 后可以跟一个疑问词的不定式做宾语,如:

tell, discuss, know, show, learn, decide, wonder, explain…


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不定式的作用

1

[例2] NMET 1999 第21题

The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, ____ it more difficult.

A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make.

解析

不定式

B

因为主语是the purpose,在(purpose, wish, promise, plan)后常跟不定式,古表语要用不定式,to不能省略,因此构成the purpose is to…not to…do 句型,故选B 。


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不定式的时态

2

[例3] NMET 1997第12题

I would love _____ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.

A. to go B. having gone C. going D. to have gone

解析

[例4] NMET 1999 第14题

  • Robert is said ____ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in.

  • to have studied B. to study

  • C. to be study D. to have been studying

不定式

D

A

常和不定式完成式连用的动词还有:

Would love, meant, hoped, planned, expected, promised, wish等

例如:I meant to have telephoned you, but I forgot.


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解析

该题考查动词不定式做宾语的 用法。Would love(like) to 是固定搭配,因此B、C、不合题意。Would love+不定式一般式,表示“想,希望”,而接不定式完成式则表示“原本希望,而未曾实现”的意思。


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不定式的否定形式

3

[例5] NMET 1996年

The patient was warned ____ oily food after the operation.

A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eat

解析

不定式

C

该题考查不定式的否定式作主补。要注意warn后跟词方式, ①warn sb. not to do sth. ②warn sb. against doing sth. 该题应该用①结构。两外,not 应放在to之前。

在大多数的动词可接不定式短语做宾补,只有少数动词(五个看see,watch,notice, observe,look at;三使役make,let, have;二听listen to,hear等)须接不带to 的不定式做宾补。


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过去分词主要考查其在句中作状语、定语、表语和补语的用法。

[例1] NMET1996第23题

_____ in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.

A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose

解析

过去分词

1.作状语

C

1.该题考查过去分词作状语的用法。动词-ing或过去分词作状语,其逻辑主语应是主语。

2.“陷入深思”有两种表达法, A.Lose oneself in thought B.be lost in thought,按句子提供的语境可用结构B.


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[例2] NMET1997第17题

The Olympic Games,___ in 776 B.C.did not include women players until 1912.

A. first played B. to be first played

C. first playing D. to be first playing

解析

过去分词

2.作定语

A

①过去 分词做定语与其修饰词之间是动宾关系且过去分词表示的动作以完成。

② 现在分词作定语表示动作正在发生,与修饰词是主谓关系。

③不定式作定语表示将要发生的动作。

所以A是正确的。First played in 776B.C.=which was first played in 776 B.C.


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[例3] NMET1998第23题

Cleaning women in big cities usually get ____ by the hour.

A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay

解析

过去分词

3.作表语

C

该题考查分词作表语的用法。“to pay sb. by the hour”计时给某人报酬。此题被动结构作表语。类似的有:get burnt, get hurt , get wounded.


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[例4] NMET2000第22题

The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ___ the next year.

A. carry put B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out

解析

过去分词

4.作补语

C

该题考查过去分词作宾语补足语的用法。The plan 与carry out 的关系是被动关系。See sth.done 这结构常见的还有watch(notice, observe,have 和make)sth. done.


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[例 ] NMET1998

European football is played in 80 countries, ___ it the most popular sport in the world.

A. making B. makes C. made D. to make

解析

-ing 形式

-ing 形式主要考查其在句子中作定语和状语的用法

A


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解析

Making it the popular sport in the world为现在分词短语作结果状语,这类分词短语常放在句子的后面,ing表示顺其自然,不定式表示突然,出乎意料。如:

His parents died, leaving him an orphan.

He rushed to the post office only to find it was closed


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历年高考题

1. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself____ . (NMET91 34)

A.hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard

2. On afternoon, Mrs Green went to the market, ____ some bananas and visited her cousin. (NMET91 23)

A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. writing

3. --I usually go there by train.

--Why not ____ by boat for a change? (NMET92 14)

A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going

4. ____ a reply, he decided to write again. (MET92 39)

A. Not receiving B. Receiving not

C. Not having received D. Having not received


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5. How about the two of us ____ a walk down the garden? (MET93 17)

A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking

6. ____ down the radio ---- the baby’s asleep in the next room.

(MET93 24)

A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn

7. Charles Babbage is generally considered ____ the first computer.

(MET93 34)

A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented

  8. ---I must apologize for ____ ahead of time.

---That’s all right. (MET94 21)

A. letting you not know B. not letting you know

C. letting you know not D. letting not you know

9. Rather than ___ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ____ a bicycle. (NMET94 22)

A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding


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10. The missing boys were last seen ____ near the river.(NMET94 25)

A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play

11. The first textbooks ____ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. (NMET94 34)

A.having written B. to be written C. being written D. written

12. ---You were brave enough to raised objections at the meeting.

---Well, now I regret ____ that. (NMET95 26)

A. to do b. to be doing C. to have done D. having done

13. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told

him_____. (NMET95 35)

A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to

14. ---What do you think made Mary so upset?

---____ her new bicycle. (97上海 13)

A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing


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15. She can’t help ____ the house because she’s busy making a cake.

(97 上海12)

A. to clean B. cleaning C. cleaned D. being cleaned

16. She looks forward every spring to _____ the flower-lined garden.

(95 上海20)

A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in

17. While shopping, people sometime can’t help ____ into buying

something they don’t really need. (96上海14)

A.to pursue B. persuading C. being persuaded D. be persuaded

18. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, ____ it more difficult. (NMET99 21)

A.not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make

19. A computer does only what thinking people _____. (99上海19)

A. have it do B. have it done C. have done it D. having it done

20. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door ____

“Sorry to miss you; will call later.” (NMET99 25)

A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading


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巩固练习

1.He gave us some advice on how____ English.

A.learning B. learned C. to learn D. learn

C

2. It ’s a pay day,and they are waiting____.

A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to be paid

D

3. --- A letter may be too slow.

---- Why not ____ a telegram.

A.try sending B.try to send C.to try sending D.trying to send

A

4.Our father often told us in the past that _____is believing.

A.to see B.seeing C.see D.to be seen

B

5.Mrs.Smith warned her husband_____after drinking again and again.

A.never to drive B.to never drive C.never driving D.never rive

A

6. To master a foreign language,______.

A. a lot of practice is needed B. it needs a lot of practice

C. practice is in need of D. one needs a lot of practice

D

20. The library needs ______,but it’ll have to wait until Sunday.

A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned


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