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Unit 13 Regulation of Pesticides. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). Pesticide Classifications. General use Restricted use Under supervision of certified applicator Record keeping required. Certification of Applicators. Private applicators Commercial applicators

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Unit 13 regulation of pesticides

Unit 13 Regulation of Pesticides

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)


Pesticide classifications
Pesticide Classifications

  • General use

  • Restricted use

    • Under supervision of certified applicator

    • Record keeping required


Certification of applicators
Certification of Applicators

  • Private applicators

  • Commercial applicators

  • Delegated to the states


Registration requirements
Registration Requirements

  • Composition warrants proposed claims

  • Labeling complies with FIFRA

  • No unreasonable risks to people or the environment

    • Economic, social & environmental costs and benefits

  • No unreasonable risk to the environment


Risk evaluation factors
Risk evaluation factors

  • Carcinogenicity

  • Reproductive effects

  • Immunological effects

  • Neurological effects

  • Impact on groundwater

  • Impact on wildlife and fish

  • Toxicity

  • Available alternatives


Regulatory web sites
Regulatory web sites

  • http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/

  • http://www.agr.state.nc.us/fooddrug/pesticid/index.htm

  • http://www.agr.state.nc.us/str-pest/


Registration
Registration

  • 15 year duration

  • Conditional/emergency registration

  • Cancellation

    • After 15 year review

    • For unreasonable risk


Requirements for maintaining registration
Requirements for maintaining registration

  • Manufacturers must keep records

  • Report adverse effects

  • Developer’s data kept confidential


Pesticide residues in foods tolerances
Pesticide residues in foods (tolerances)

  • Set by EPA in conjunction with FDA

  • Regulated under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act

  • Delaney Amendment (1958) - repealed 1996

  • Monitoring - EPA, FDA, & USDA jointly


State programs
State programs

  • Authorized under FIFRA

  • Numerically largest area of environmental enforcement


State programs1
State programs

  • 24(c) authority

    • w/in state

    • valid for 90 days if disapproved by EPA

    • tolerance or exemption established under Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act

    • EPA may w/dr authority if state cannot exercise adequate controls


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