the cuban missile
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
THE CUBAN MISSILE

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

THE CUBAN MISSILE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on

THE CUBAN MISSILE. CRISIS. Background Part I Cold War Tension. Struggle for Land East-West Germany  Berlin Airlift  Berlin Wall Containment  Eastern Europe/Iron Curtain, China, Korea Spying  McCarthy, Rosenbergs, U2 Incident. Background Part II The Arms Race.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' THE CUBAN MISSILE' - xuan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
background part i cold war tension
Background Part I Cold War Tension
  • Struggle for Land
    • East-West Germany  Berlin Airlift  Berlin Wall
    • Containment  Eastern Europe/Iron Curtain, China, Korea
  • Spying  McCarthy, Rosenbergs, U2 Incident
background part ii the arms race
Background Part II The Arms Race
  • Improved delivery systems
    • Sputnik  ICBMs
    • Multiple warhead ICBMs
  • Improved Yield
    • Atom Bomb… Fission Bomb…
    • Hydrogen Bomb… Fusion Bomb…
    • Hiroshima blast = 15, 000 tons of TNT. Largest hydrogen bombs today = with 60,000,000 tons of TNT.
      • So a bomb today is like 4000 Hiroshimas.
background part ii cont
Background Part II (cont.)
  • Mutually Assured Destruction (M.A.D.)
    • By the 1960s, it was fairly clear that in a nuclear war, everyone would die.
    • Even if the bombs didn’t kill everyone immediately, scientists predicted a nuclear winter and nuclear falloutwould finish the job
    • Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado
part i cuban revolution
Part I. Cuban Revolution
  • Like many Latin American countries, Cuba was run by a dictator
  • The U.S. supported this dictator (like it did in many other Latin American countries) because the dictator protected American economic interests in Cuba
  • Americans owned a lot of the land in Cuba and made a lot of $ from the land and from running vacation spots in Cuba
    • Many Cubans resented the dictator (Batista) and the aid he received from America
cuban revolution cont
Cuban Revolution (cont.)
  • In 1959, a revolution, led by Fidel Castro, overthrew the Cuban dictatorship
  • Castro proclaimed the island communist and seized American land and oil refineries
  • America stopped trade with Cuba and Castro increasingly turned towards the Soviet Union as a partner (trade, aid, etc.)
part ii the bay of pigs invasion
Part II. The Bay of Pigs Invasion
  • aka The Bay of Pigs Fiasco (from an American perspective)
  • Castro didn’t really make people in Cuba much happier
    • He allowed very few civil rights : freedom of speech, popular sovereignty, etc.
    • People’s lives were controlled: where you worked, where you travelled, etc.
    • Many believed that Cuba had traded one kind of dictator for another kind of dictator
  • The CIA (U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) was given permission by Eisenhower and then JFK in 1960 to train a group of Cuban Exiles living in the U.S. to invade Cuba
    • Hoped this would spark an uprising of Cubans against Castro and end Cuban Communism
bay of pigs continued
Bay of Pigs (continued)
  • When Cuban exiles landed in a Cuban Bay called the Bay of Pigs, the U.S. air force, which had promised air support, hesitated, not wanting to be brought into conflict with the Soviet Union
  • The CIA-trained Cuban force was routed by the Castro-led Cuban military
    • The U.S. had to pay Castro to release them
    • Huge embarrassment for America on the international stage
part iii the cuban missile crisis
Part III. The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • After the Bay of Pigs, the Soviet Union began to send weapons to Cuba to protect against further invasion
  • JFK publicly said that the U.S. would not tolerate nuclear weapons in Cuba
    • Why such a big deal?
the cuban missile crisis cont
The Cuban Missile Crisis (cont.)
  • In 1962, the U.S., using U2 spy planes, photographed nuke launch sites in Cuba
the cuban missile crisis cont1
The Cuban Missile Crisis (cont.)
  • What were JFK’s options?
    • Pretend he doesn’t know the nukes are there and just live with them
    • Attack Cuba
    • Anything else?
  • Brinksmanship
    • Who is willing to step closer to the precipice of nuclear war?
    • JFK publicly announced that nukes were in Cuba and that the Soviet Union had to withdraw them
    • Then, JFK ordered a naval blockade of all ships going to and from Cuba
slide15

The Cuban Missile Crisis (cont.)

  • In the end, Khrushchev (Soviet leader) blinked
    • Pulled missiles out of Cuba
  • P.S. U.S. agreed to pull missiles out of Turkey, too
    • But… we had never admitted they were there in the first place, so we never admitted they were gone (to the public)
    • Thus, looked like JFK had won a huge Cold War victory
hansen name u s history period the cuban crisis note taking guide
Hansen Name _____________________U.S. History Period _________The Cuban Crisis Note-Taking Guide

Part I. Cuban Revolution

  • Like many Latin American countries, Cuba was run ___ _____________________________
  • The U.S. ____________________ this dictator (like it did in ___________________________________ _____________________) because the dictator protected American _____________________ in Cuba
  • Americans owned a lot of the ________ in Cuba and made a lot of _____ from the land and from running ____________________________in Cuba
    • Many Cubans resented the dictator (_________ ) and the aid he received from America
  • In 1959, a revolution, led by ____________, overthrew the Cuban dictatorship
  • Castro proclaimed the island _____________ and seized American land and ____________________
  • America ____________________ with Cuba and Castro increasingly turned towards the ___________ __________ as a partner (trade, aid, etc.)

Part II. The Bay of Pigs Invasion

  • aka The Bay of Pigs Fiasco (from a U.S. perspective)
  • Castro didn’t really make people in Cuba much ______
    • He allowed very few _____________: freedom of speech, popular sovereignty, etc.
    • People’s lives were ___________: where you worked, where you travelled, etc.
    • Many believed that Cuba had traded one kind of dictator for _____________________________

Background Part I- Cold War Tensions

  • Struggle for Land
    • East-West _______ Berlin _________ Berlin _______
    • Containment  Eastern Europe/Iron Curtain, China, _________
  • Spying  McCarthy, _________________, U2 Incident

Background Part II- The Arms Race

  • Improved ____________ systems
    • Sputnik  ICBMs - ______________________ _______________________________________
    • Multiple ______________ ICBMs
  • Improved _______________
    • Atom Bomb… Fission Bomb…
    • ________________________… Fusion Bomb…
    • Hiroshima blast = __________tons of TNT. Largest hydrogen bombs today = with ____________________ tons of TNT.
      • So a bomb today is like _____ Hiroshimas.
  • Mutually Assured Destruction ( ____________)
    • By the 1960s, it was fairly clear that in a nuclear war, ____________________________.
    • Even if the bombs didn’t kill everyone immediately, scientists predicted a nuclear winter-_________________________ _________________________________ and nuclear fallout - _______________________________________________________________would finish the job
    • Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado - __________ ______________________________________
slide18

Brinksmanship

    • Who was willing to step closer to the precipice ________________________________?
    • JFK _______________________________ _____________________________________ and that the Soviet Union had to withdraw them
    • Then, JFK ordered a ___________________ of all ships going to and from Cuba
  • In the end, Khrushchev ________________________
    • Pulled _______________________________
  • P.S. U.S. agreed to pull missiles ______________ __________________________, too
    • But… we had never admitted they were there in the first place, __________________________ ____________________ (to the public)
    • Thus, looked like JFK had ________________ ______________________________________
  • The CIA (U.S. __________________________) was given permission by Eisenhower and then ________ in 1960 to train a group of Cuban Exiles living in the U.S. to _________________________
    • Hoped this would spark an ____________________________ against Castro and end ______________________
  • When Cuban exiles landed in a Cuban Bay called the Bay __________, the U.S. air force, which had promised ___________, hesitated, not wanting to _______________________________ ________________________________________
  • The CIA-trained Cuban force was ___________ ___________________________ Cuban military
    • The U.S. had to __________ to release them
    • Huge __________ for America on the ____________________________

Part III. The Cuban Missile Crisis

  • After the Bay of Pigs, the Soviet Union began to ______________________________________ _____________ to protect against further invasion
  • JFK publicly said that the U.S. would not tolerate ___________________ in Cuba
    • Why such a big deal? ________________ ___________________________________
  • In 1962, the U.S., using U2 spy planes, ______________________________ ______ sites in Cuba
  • What were JFK’s options?
    • __________________________________________ the nukes are there and just live with them
    • _____________Cuba
    • Anything else?
ad