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THE CUBAN MISSILE. CRISIS. Background Part I Cold War Tension. Struggle for Land East-West Germany  Berlin Airlift  Berlin Wall Containment  Eastern Europe/Iron Curtain, China, Korea Spying  McCarthy, Rosenbergs, U2 Incident. Background Part II The Arms Race.

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THE CUBAN MISSILE

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The cuban missile

THE CUBAN MISSILE

CRISIS


Background part i cold war tension

Background Part I Cold War Tension

  • Struggle for Land

    • East-West Germany  Berlin Airlift  Berlin Wall

    • Containment  Eastern Europe/Iron Curtain, China, Korea

  • Spying  McCarthy, Rosenbergs, U2 Incident


Background part ii the arms race

Background Part II The Arms Race

  • Improved delivery systems

    • Sputnik  ICBMs

    • Multiple warhead ICBMs

  • Improved Yield

    • Atom Bomb… Fission Bomb…

    • Hydrogen Bomb… Fusion Bomb…

    • Hiroshima blast = 15, 000 tons of TNT. Largest hydrogen bombs today = with 60,000,000 tons of TNT.

      • So a bomb today is like 4000 Hiroshimas.


The cuban missile

  • Hiroshima H-Bomb Test


Background part ii cont

Background Part II (cont.)

  • Mutually Assured Destruction (M.A.D.)

    • By the 1960s, it was fairly clear that in a nuclear war, everyone would die.

    • Even if the bombs didn’t kill everyone immediately, scientists predicted a nuclear winter and nuclear falloutwould finish the job

    • Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado


Part i cuban revolution

Part I. Cuban Revolution

  • Like many Latin American countries, Cuba was run by a dictator

  • The U.S. supported this dictator (like it did in many other Latin American countries) because the dictator protected American economic interests in Cuba

  • Americans owned a lot of the land in Cuba and made a lot of $ from the land and from running vacation spots in Cuba

    • Many Cubans resented the dictator (Batista) and the aid he received from America


Cuban revolution cont

Cuban Revolution (cont.)

  • In 1959, a revolution, led by Fidel Castro, overthrew the Cuban dictatorship

  • Castro proclaimed the island communist and seized American land and oil refineries

  • America stopped trade with Cuba and Castro increasingly turned towards the Soviet Union as a partner (trade, aid, etc.)


Part ii the bay of pigs invasion

Part II. The Bay of Pigs Invasion

  • aka The Bay of Pigs Fiasco (from an American perspective)

  • Castro didn’t really make people in Cuba much happier

    • He allowed very few civil rights : freedom of speech, popular sovereignty, etc.

    • People’s lives were controlled: where you worked, where you travelled, etc.

    • Many believed that Cuba had traded one kind of dictator for another kind of dictator

  • The CIA (U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) was given permission by Eisenhower and then JFK in 1960 to train a group of Cuban Exiles living in the U.S. to invade Cuba

    • Hoped this would spark an uprising of Cubans against Castro and end Cuban Communism


Bay of pigs continued

Bay of Pigs (continued)

  • When Cuban exiles landed in a Cuban Bay called the Bay of Pigs, the U.S. air force, which had promised air support, hesitated, not wanting to be brought into conflict with the Soviet Union

  • The CIA-trained Cuban force was routed by the Castro-led Cuban military

    • The U.S. had to pay Castro to release them

    • Huge embarrassment for America on the international stage


Part iii the cuban missile crisis

Part III. The Cuban Missile Crisis

  • After the Bay of Pigs, the Soviet Union began to send weapons to Cuba to protect against further invasion

  • JFK publicly said that the U.S. would not tolerate nuclear weapons in Cuba

    • Why such a big deal?


The cuban missile crisis cont

The Cuban Missile Crisis (cont.)

  • In 1962, the U.S., using U2 spy planes, photographed nuke launch sites in Cuba


The cuban missile crisis cont1

The Cuban Missile Crisis (cont.)

  • What were JFK’s options?

    • Pretend he doesn’t know the nukes are there and just live with them

    • Attack Cuba

    • Anything else?

  • Brinksmanship

    • Who is willing to step closer to the precipice of nuclear war?

    • JFK publicly announced that nukes were in Cuba and that the Soviet Union had to withdraw them

    • Then, JFK ordered a naval blockade of all ships going to and from Cuba


The cuban missile

The Cuban Missile Crisis (cont.)

  • In the end, Khrushchev (Soviet leader) blinked

    • Pulled missiles out of Cuba

  • P.S. U.S. agreed to pull missiles out of Turkey, too

    • But… we had never admitted they were there in the first place, so we never admitted they were gone (to the public)

    • Thus, looked like JFK had won a huge Cold War victory


Hansen name u s history period the cuban crisis note taking guide

HansenName _____________________U.S. History Period _________The Cuban Crisis Note-Taking Guide

Part I. Cuban Revolution

  • Like many Latin American countries, Cuba was run ___ _____________________________

  • The U.S. ____________________ this dictator (like it did in ___________________________________ _____________________) because the dictator protected American _____________________ in Cuba

  • Americans owned a lot of the ________ in Cuba and made a lot of _____ from the land and from running ____________________________in Cuba

    • Many Cubans resented the dictator (_________ ) and the aid he received from America

  • In 1959, a revolution, led by ____________, overthrew the Cuban dictatorship

  • Castro proclaimed the island _____________ and seized American land and ____________________

  • America ____________________ with Cuba and Castro increasingly turned towards the ___________ __________ as a partner (trade, aid, etc.)

    Part II. The Bay of Pigs Invasion

  • aka The Bay of Pigs Fiasco (from a U.S. perspective)

  • Castro didn’t really make people in Cuba much ______

    • He allowed very few _____________: freedom of speech, popular sovereignty, etc.

    • People’s lives were ___________: where you worked, where you travelled, etc.

    • Many believed that Cuba had traded one kind of dictator for _____________________________

Background Part I- Cold War Tensions

  • Struggle for Land

    • East-West _______ Berlin _________ Berlin _______

    • Containment  Eastern Europe/Iron Curtain, China, _________

  • Spying  McCarthy, _________________, U2 Incident

    Background Part II- The Arms Race

  • Improved ____________ systems

    • Sputnik  ICBMs - ______________________ _______________________________________

    • Multiple ______________ ICBMs

  • Improved _______________

    • Atom Bomb… Fission Bomb…

    • ________________________… Fusion Bomb…

    • Hiroshima blast = __________tons of TNT. Largest hydrogen bombs today = with ____________________ tons of TNT.

      • So a bomb today is like _____ Hiroshimas.

  • Mutually Assured Destruction ( ____________)

    • By the 1960s, it was fairly clear that in a nuclear war, ____________________________.

    • Even if the bombs didn’t kill everyone immediately, scientists predicted a nuclear winter-_________________________ _________________________________ and nuclear fallout - _______________________________________________________________would finish the job

    • Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado - __________ ______________________________________


The cuban missile

  • Brinksmanship

    • Who was willing to step closer to the precipice ________________________________?

    • JFK _______________________________ _____________________________________ and that the Soviet Union had to withdraw them

    • Then, JFK ordered a ___________________ of all ships going to and from Cuba

  • In the end, Khrushchev ________________________

    • Pulled _______________________________

  • P.S. U.S. agreed to pull missiles ______________ __________________________, too

    • But… we had never admitted they were there in the first place, __________________________ ____________________ (to the public)

    • Thus, looked like JFK had ________________ ______________________________________

  • The CIA (U.S. __________________________) was given permission by Eisenhower and then ________ in 1960 to train a group of Cuban Exiles living in the U.S. to _________________________

    • Hoped this would spark an ____________________________ against Castro and end ______________________

  • When Cuban exiles landed in a Cuban Bay called the Bay __________, the U.S. air force, which had promised ___________, hesitated, not wanting to _______________________________ ________________________________________

  • The CIA-trained Cuban force was ___________ ___________________________ Cuban military

    • The U.S. had to __________ to release them

    • Huge __________ for America on the ____________________________

      Part III. The Cuban Missile Crisis

  • After the Bay of Pigs, the Soviet Union began to ______________________________________ _____________ to protect against further invasion

  • JFK publicly said that the U.S. would not tolerate ___________________ in Cuba

    • Why such a big deal? ________________ ___________________________________

  • In 1962, the U.S., using U2 spy planes, ______________________________ ______ sites in Cuba

  • What were JFK’s options?

    • __________________________________________ the nukes are there and just live with them

    • _____________Cuba

    • Anything else?


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