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Frankenstein and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The Gothic Novel. Romantic. Romantic elements Existentialism – reason to exist Childhood/innocence Stopping/reflecting – enjoying life Byronic hero – mysterious, nameless guilt. Gothic. Gothic elements

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Frankenstein and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

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Frankenstein and the strange case of dr jekyll and mr hyde

Frankenstein and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

The Gothic Novel


Romantic

Romantic

  • Romantic elements

    • Existentialism – reason to exist

    • Childhood/innocence

    • Stopping/reflecting – enjoying life

    • Byronic hero – mysterious, nameless guilt


Gothic

Gothic

  • Gothic elements

    • Weather – wind, clouds, fog, thunder, lighting

    • Supernatural

    • Lots of emotion – fear, terror, sorrow, guilt

    • Ancient tales

    • Mysterious/unknown places

    • Women in distress

    • Monotony of gloom and horror – footsteps, wind, hard rain

    • Houses beyond repair

    • Late night aspect

    • Gigantic, enormous, large


Frankenstein

Frankenstein

  • Written by Mary Shelley in 1816

  • Subtitled “The Modern Prometheus”

  • Criticism that she didn’t/couldn’t write such a horrifying ghost story

  • Monster = Victor’s feelings externalized

  • A doppelganger – double/second self


Frankenstein1

Frankenstein

  • Romantic – nature aspect, monster and feels safe in nature, Victor returns to nature, both feel isolated

  • Gothic – cold, fog, ice, isolation

    • The summer Frankenstein is written is the coldest recorded


Mary shelley

Mary Shelley

  • 1797 – born daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, both prominent writers

  • 1814 – Mary meets Percy Bysshe Shelly, they leave for France

  • 1816 – Mary gives birth to William, begins writing Frankenstein as a novella, encouraged by Percy to create novel


Frame tale

Frame Tale

  • More engaging, listener embodies reader, makes it seem more realistic

  • Wraps ordinary story in “ghost” story

  • Makes story more credible, believable, verisimilitude

  • Provides didactic function – instruction and entertainment

  • Universalizes story


Correlation to birth gestation

Correlation to Birth/Gestation

  • Confinement – laying in for birth

  • Novel took 9 months to write, takes place over 9 months (pages of novel)

  • “Dilation” of novel – dilation of cervix during birth

  • Mary had four miscarriages before 25 which almost killed her


Themes and allusions

Themes and Allusions

  • The dangerous pursuit of knowledge

    • Prometheus (gives fire to man, painful – liver pecked out daily)

    • Adam and Eve - eat and suffer the consequences (childbirth)

    • Paradise Lost – “And now with the world before me”

    • Plato’s Symposium – “we are unfashioned creatures”

      • Globular man, split


Motifs and symbols

Motifs and Symbols

  • Lack of mothers

  • Meaning of names

  • Lightning/storm (weather)

  • Texts/books

  • Fire

  • Nature


Dr jekyll and mr hyde

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

  • Written by Robert Louis Stevenson in 1886

  • Significance of names

    • Jekyll = “I kill”

    • Hyde = hiding

  • Jekyll says he can “be rid of Hyde” whenever he wants

  • Tragic flaw – Jekyll lets Hyde continue to take over

  • Will uses word “disappearance” to describe Jekyll going away


Unreliable narrator

Unreliable Narrator

  • Utterson

    • Narrates novella, receive all info through him

    • Trusted with secrets and wills

    • Reader does not get details because Utterson does not know everything

    • Inquisitive (plays Sherlock)


Themes and symbols

Themes and Symbols

  • Doppelganger – Jekyll and Hyde

  • Symbols – night, houses, documents, cane

  • Themes – duality of man, consequences of the pursuit of knowledge


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