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sports coach UK Develop Your Coaching Workshop. Equity in Your Coaching Welcome. Equity in Your Coaching  Slide 1. Workshop Outcomes By the end of this workshop, you should be able to:.

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Equity in your coaching welcome

sports coach UK

Develop Your Coaching Workshop

Equity in Your Coaching

Welcome

Equity in Your Coaching  Slide 1


Equity in your coaching welcome

  • Workshop Outcomes

  • By the end of this workshop, you should be able to:

  • explain what sports equity means, the legal framework and why it is important for your coaching

  • identify factors that deny access to disadvantaged groups

    • use appropriate language and terminology

    • identify and challenge inequitable behaviour and identify how you can become more equitable

    • establish where to go for further information


  • Ground rules

    Ground Rules

    • Anonymity

    • Confidentiality

    • Respect others’ contributions

    • Listen carefully to others’ contributions

    • Respect the right to be heard

    • Challenge comments in a positive way

    • Move around the subject

    • Don’t put other coaches down

    • Tutor not the ‘equity police’


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    What do Sports Equity, Equal Opportunities and Equality mean?

    • Equity

    • Equality

    • Equal opportunities


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Sports Equity

      • Sports equity is about fairness in sport, equality of access, recognising inequalities and taking steps to address them. It is about changing the culture and structure of sport to ensure that it becomes equally accessible to everyone in society

      • Definition from Making English Sport Inclusive: Equity Guidelines for Governing Bodies,

      • Sport England 2000


    What is equity

    What is Equity?

    Equity is about:

    • fairness

    • equality of access

    • recognising inequalities and taking steps to address them

      Sports equity is about:

    • changing the culture and structure of sport to ensure that it is accessible to everyone, whatever their ability, age, ethnicity, gender, nationality, race, sexuality or social status


    What is equal opportunities

    What is Equality?

    What is Equal Opportunities?

    • Equality:

    • The state of being equal – treating individuals equally, which is not necessarily the same as treating them the same. In some cases, the need for equality may require unequal effort to ensure that the principle of equality is achieved.

    Equal Opportunities:

    • Ensuring that employment practices are fair and that the workplace is an environment free from discrimination and harassment

    • Employers are required to comply with UK and EU discrimination legislation


    Legislation

    Legislation

    • Equal Pay Act 1970

    • Equal Value (Amendment) Regulations 1983

    • Employment Rights Act 1996

    • Rehabilitation of OffendersAct 1974

    • Sex Discrimination Act 1975, 1986, 1999 and 2008

    • Race Relations Act 1976, Amendment Act 2000

    • Race Relations (Northern Ireland) Order 1997

    • Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978

    • Children Act 1989 and 2004

    • Civil Partnership Act 2004

    • Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment Regulations 2003) and 2005

    • Northern Ireland Act 1998

    • Scotland Act 1998

    • Human Rights Act 1998

    • Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003

    • Employment Equality (Religion and Belief) Regulations 2003

    • Equality Act 2006

    • Equality Act (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2007

    • Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006

    • Single Equality Bill 2009


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    Equality Act 2010

    • Consolidate and streamline existing legislation:

    • – Equal Pay Acts

    • – Sexual Discrimination Acts

    • – Race Relations Acts

    • – Disability Discrimination Acts

    • New definitions


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    Equality Act 2010 – Definitions

    • Discrimination:

    • – Direct

    • – Indirect

    • – By Association

    • – By Perception

    • – Combined

    • Harassment

    • Victimisation


    Framework for the equality and human rights commission

    Framework for the Equality and Human Rights Commission

    • Gender

    • Disability

    • Ethnicity

    • Age

    • Sexual orientation

    • Religion


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Population Statistics

      • Population for England and Wales included:

      • 51.4% women

    • 5–20% disabled people (depending on definition)

      • 10% people from ethnic minorities

      • NB: These figures are from the 2001 Census


    Why is sports equity important

    Why is Sports Equity Important?

    It enables us to:

    • recognise inequalities in sport

    • make sport fair and accessible to all

    • take action to address inequalities in sport

      Sporting organisations have a moral, and

      sometimes legal, obligation to be equitable


    The equality standard

    The Equality Standard:

    • was launched in 2004 across the UK

    • provides a guide to ensure continuous improvement in striving for equality in sports organisations

    • has four levels of achievement

      It is expected to take years, rather than months, to ensure real cultural change is achieved

      Most governing bodies of sport are actively working towards achievement of the Standard


    Barriers to participation

    Barriers to Participation

    • What are the barriers that people coming to your coaching sessions may encounter?

    • Are any barriers common to more than one group?


    Barriers

    Barriers

    • Time

    • Convenience

    • Other commitments

    • Personal issues

    • Self-esteem

    • Fear of discrimination and unwelcoming environment

    • Cultural/religious influences

    • Lack of role models

    • Coach

    • Assumptions

    • Lack of knowledge

    • Poor communication

    • Facilities

    • Transport

    • Convenience

    • Safety

    • Inadequacy

    • Cost

    • Fee

    • Kit

    • Equipment


    Sports participation

    Sports Participation

    • Ethnic minority participation: 40% National average: 46%

    • Men from ethnic minority communities: 49% National average: 54%

    • Women from ethnic minority communities: 32% National average: 39%

      People in the ‘professional’ social class are more

      likely to participate in sport than those in the

      ‘unskilled manual’ group

    Source: Office of National Statistics


    Positive action or positive discrimination

    Positive Action or Positive Discrimination?

    Positive Action

    Positive Discrimination


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Language and Terminology

    • Language used should be:

    • appropriate

    • sensitive

    • relevant

    • consistent

    • Is it derogatory, or is the receiver or anyone else in the group offended?


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Coloured

    • Half-caste

    • Ethnics

    • Pakis

    • Spastics

    • Handicapped

    • Normal people

    • Victim of/stricken with

    • The elderly

    • Mongols

    • Retards

    • Niggers

    • Ladies/birds/chicks/girls

    • Homosexuals

    • Queers

    • Love/dear/duck/pet

    Unacceptable v Acceptable Terms

    • Disabled people

    • Mixed-heritage

    • Down’s syndrome

    • Has a disability

    • Older people

    • Black British

    • Lesbian

    • Transgender

    Acceptable–Unsure–Unacceptable


    Coaching questions

    Coaching Questions

    • ‘Come on, you lot. Can’t you see you’re playing like…?’

    • ‘Could all the…stand over here and the rest over there?’

    • ‘Do you need to change in another room as you’re a…?’


    Types of inequitable behaviour

    Types of Inequitable Behaviour

    • Verbal

    • Written

    • Physical


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Inequitable Behaviour – Verbal

      • Racist language

      • Sexist language

      • Homophobic language

      • Ridicule or bullying because of a personal characteristic


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Inequitable Behaviour – Written

      • Racist, sexist or homophobic language written in some way:

      • Graffiti

      • Letter

      • Mobile-phone text message


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Inequitable Behaviour – Physical

    • Action taken against somebody because of their race, gender, a personal characteristic or sexuality:

      • Pushing

      • Biting

      • Tripping

      • Touching inappropriately

      • Stealing

      • Excluding from an activity


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Dealing with Inequitable Behaviour

      • Establish a code of conduct

      • Avoid confrontation

      • Time your actions appropriately

      • Be a good role model

      • Use appropriate, sensitive and relevant language

      • Challenge inequitable behaviour

      • Support equitable behaviour

      • Be fair and consistent


    Sources of liability for coaches

    Sources of Liability for Coaches

    • Discrimination

      • The action people take on the basis of their prejudices. Discrimination occurs when a prejudiced person has the power to put their prejudices into action, which results in unfair and unjust treatment

    • Negligence

      • There exists a duty of care towards the participant

      • This duty of care imposes a standard and negligence means this standard has not been met

      • The participant has suffered loss, harm, damage or injury

      • The breach of duty contributes to the loss, harm, damage or injury

    • Defamation

      • There are two types of defamation:

        • slander – the spoken word

        • libel – the written word


    Duty of care

    Duty of Care

    • Safe

    • Qualified

    • Competent

    • Insured


    Where next

    Where Next?

    • sports coach UK

    • Sporting Equals

    • Pride Sports

    • StreetGames

    • EFDS/Home Nation Disability Sports Organisations

    • Women’s Sport and Fitness Foundation

    • Home nation sports councils

    • Governing body of sport

    • County sports partnership

    • Local authority


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    • Workshop Outcomes

    • By the end of this workshop, you should be able to:

      • explain what sports equity means, the legal framework and why it is important for your coaching

      • identify factors that deny access to disadvantaged groups

      • use appropriate language and terminology

      • identify and challenge inequitable behaviour and identify how you can become more equitable

      • establish where to go for further information


    Equity in your coaching welcome

    Thank you

    Have a safe journey home

    Equity in Your Coaching  Slide 31


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