The persian empire
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The persian empire. Chapter 2, section 4. What is this????. Who are the persians ?. Is it these guys??? Awwwww …… Of course not!!!!. It’s these guys!. So how did they get there? Let’s find out!!!!!. Persia under the medes. Both Persians and Medes :

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The persian empire

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The persian empire

Chapter 2, section 4


What is this????


Who are the persians?

  • Is it these guys???

  • Awwwww……

  • Of course not!!!!


It’s these guys!

  • So how did they get there? Let’s find out!!!!!


Persia under the medes

  • Both Persians and Medes:

  • Indo-European tribes from Central Asia

  • Settled in today’s Iran

  • Medes conquered the Persians

  • Then enters Cyrus the Great…..


Cyrus the great

  • 559 BCE

  • AKA Cyrus II

  • As Persian king, led a revolt against Medes.

  • Won. United Medes & Persians under his rule.


Cyprus, conquering lands

  • Conquered a lot more land!

  • Mesopotamia (Chaldeans & Babylon)

  • Greek cities


Cyrus’s way

  • The conquered kept their own:

  • customs

  • religions

  • He freed the Jews from Babylon

  • He allowed them to return to Jerusalem & rebuild their temple

  • He was a hero to the Jews


To get us started…..

  • Engineering an Empire - The Persians - Part 1of5 - YouTube


From cyrus the great to Darius I

  • Cyrus died: 530 BCE in

  • battle

  • Son Cambyses took over

  • but died.

  • Enters Darius I


Darius i

  • After restoring order, he created a permanent army

  • Ten Thousand Immortals-highly trained soldiers who often acted as the emperor’s bodyguards.

  • Tried, but failed, to conquer Greece


Darius i-changes to govt

  • Added ceremonies & rituals

  • Wore robes w/ jewelry of gold & gems

  • People had to bow in his presence, never looking directly at him.

  • Chose governors-called satraps-to help him rule his HUGE kingdom

  • Minted the 1st Persian coins, trade increased, empire grew richer


Persia in decline

  • Xerxes-Darius’s son-last strong ruler of ancient Persia-519-465 BCE

  • Invaded Greece

  • Failed & returned home

  • Rebellions became common

  • Alexander the Great conquered Persia in 330 BCE


zoroastrianism

  • New religion in Persia

  • Based on the teachings

  • of Zoroaster-628-551

  • BCE


teachings

  • World created by a god-Ahura Mazda-the source of everything good, true, & pure so the ONLY god they should worship

  • Opposing Mazda was an evil spirit named Ahriman

  • The forces were always at odds


Teachings continued

  • 1 of the 1st to teach dualism-the belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good & evil

  • Said people had free will & could choose

  • Avesta-sacred text of Zoroastrianism


The avesta

  • Says you will be rewarded for living a good life by entering a heaven filled with pleasures

  • Those who are wicked will be punished

  • But then Mazda will defeat Ahriman & all the evil will be driven from the world

  • Zoroastrianism spread declined considerably after the defeat by Greece, who converted most Persians


Persian achievements

  • Not much infighting

  • Communication:

  • possible b/c of high quality roads

  • The Royal Road-longest-world’s 1st long highway


ART AND ARCHITECTURE

  • Persepolis-ceremonial city for Darius I


  • Thermopylae 480 Bc (History Channel) - YouTube


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