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Open Educational Resources (OER ) in Asia in a Digitized World Grace J. Alfonso, PhD. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Open Educational Resources (OER ) in Asia in a Digitized World Grace J. Alfonso, PhD. Chancellor University of the Philippines OPEN UNIVERSITY www.upou.edu.ph.

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Open Educational Resources (OER ) in Asia in a Digitized World Grace J. Alfonso, PhD.

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Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Open Educational Resources (OER)

in Asia in a Digitized World

Grace J. Alfonso, PhD.

Chancellor

University of the Philippines

OPEN UNIVERSITY

www.upou.edu.ph


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

In 2010, UPOU produced a community television program on science and technology (S&T) issues and technologies produced by R&D institutions in Los Baños

INTRODUCTION


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

The UPOU offers mostly graduate programs through open and distance e-learning.

INTRODUCTION

Open Educational Resources (OER) in Asia in a Digitized World

Grace J. Alfonso, PhD., UP OPEN UNIVERSITY


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

INTRODUCTION

Panel discussion of S&T issues by local experts and citizens, feature stories on technologies developed by the agencies, trivia, and other information about the town’s history, culture, and tourism.


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Produced through the efforts of volunteers from the UPOU and the R&D agencies.

Aired on local cable operator offered for free

To be uploaded in UPOU’s web-based station called UPOU Networks

Covers local issues with universal themes

INTRODUCTION


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Received positive feedback from local citizens

INTRODUCTION


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Open Educational Resources in Asia and the Digitized World.

INTRODUCTION


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Benefits of OER to education has long been heralded

INTRODUCTION


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

The proliferation of educational resources leading to user confusion

Learner confusion

Need for teacher’s guidance

Academics’ involvement in OER development & delivery

New conception of quality assurance

ISSUES CONFRONTING OER


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Popularization of complex scientific ideas

Academics’ disdain for popularization

Risk of oversimplification

ISSUES CONFRONTING OER


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Difficulty of pinning down authorship in a multimedia environment

ISSUES CONFRONTING OER


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

OER suited to the Asian context

Western “object” view vs. Asian “flow” view of resources

OER in Asian languages

Greater contribution from Asian academics in OER creation

ISSUES CONFRONTING OER


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Universities are crucial in OER development

What roles can universities play in this environment?

How do academics hold on to their mission in the midst of these changes?

OER AND UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

OER and the “universitas” (the larger community of scholars, the state that has given us the mandate to operate, as well as the citizenry from which we draw support)

OER AND UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Education is a Social Contract

OER AND UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Universities and Social Transformation

developing competent professionals

nurturing innovative ideas, facilitating discourse on important social issues

developing useful technologies

Free exchange of ideas

OER AND UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

OER AND UNIVERSITIES

  • E-learners and teachers embedded in ‘universitas’ values:

    • Academic freedom (Henkel, 2000; Kogan et al., 2000)

    • Humanism (Veugelers 2001)

    • Intellectual pluralism (Parker 2009)

    • Cultural diversity (Berger and Huntington 2002)

    • Academic excellence (Askling 2009; Jung, n.d.)

    • Democracy (Fallis 2005)

    • Service to society (Brennan and others 2004)


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

OER Values:

Freedom (Tuomi 2006)

Inclusivity (Hockings 2011)

Access (Geith & Vignare 2008)

Resource sharing (White and Manton 2011)

Learner-centeredness (Ngalande 2011)

Flexibility (Bartlett 2010)

Reflection (Demimann 2011)

OER and Universities


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

OER and Universitas values are supportive of each other

OER AND UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

WORLD VIEW

Open Knowledge

ICT

ETHOS

OER values

Excellence

Freedom

Academic freedom

Inclusivity

Access

Humanism

Resource sharing

Social Transformation

Intellectual Pluralism

Learner-centeredness

Flexibility

Cultural

Diversity

Reflection

Democracy

Service to Society

Networked Information and Communication Technologies


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

This is more of a world view, an expression of values, a construction of how open knowledge can be enacted in the context of the ‘universitas’.

OER AND UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Plurality of ideas

Participatory and multi-perspective

Resources with Asian perspective

ISSUES FOR UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Production of scholarly texts in a networked world

Involvement of academics

Use of multimedia for research and dissemination

ISSUES FOR UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

ISSUES FOR UNIVERSITIES

Collaboration in OER production

  • International collaboration

  • Collaboration with learners and communities of practice


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Non-linearity of the medium

‘Orality’ in the online environment

Teachers’ proficiency in new media

Capacity building systems

ISSUES FOR UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Instilling the ‘universitas’ ethos in the electronic environment

Instilling values among highly dispersed learners

New rituals for the online environment

ISSUES FOR UNIVERSITIES


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Digital divide

ICT infrastructure

Cognitive divide

ISSUES IN ODeL


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Who pays?

New business models

Advocating for public funding

ISSUES IN OER


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

FINAL WORDS

Maki-Makiling was an act of volunteerism and public service… an expression of plurality of ideas, access, and quality – the same values that cut across OER, Open knowledge, and the universitas.


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

FINAL WORDS

  • Future plans in OER and open knowledge:

  • MOOCson e-teaching world languages and technopreneurship

  • OERs on Filipino cultures and institutions

  • OOCs for the out-sourcing industries


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

OER offers a lot of opportunities for experimentation and innovation.

FINAL WORDS


Open educational resources oer in asia in a digitized world grace j alfonso phd

Thank You.


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