Capacity needs assessment in east africa
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Capacity Needs Assessment in East Africa. Benard Muok, PhD. The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organization of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Burundi with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.

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Capacity Needs Assessment in East Africa

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Capacity needs assessment in east africa

Capacity Needs Assessment in East Africa

Benard Muok, PhD


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organization of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Burundi with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.


World energy consumption

World energy consumption

Energy consumption - Per capita

Tonnes oil equivalent (toe)


Kenya

Kenya

  • 1,200 MW (1,200,000 kilowatts) is the energy that Kenya consumes represents the sum total electricity use of the 40 million inhabitants of Kenya.

  • multiply it by 365 days in a year times 24 hours in a day is 10,512 million kWh energy Kenya uses yearly.


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • This figure, 10,512 million kWh, divided by the 40 million inhabitants of Kenya, equals the amount of energy used by one Kenyan on average each year.

  • That number, 262.8 kWh, is as clear a sign as any of the near-abject energy poverty so much of the world still lives in.

  • consuming 262.8 kWh over the course of a year would allow you to use 720 watt hours a day.

  • This is enough to run a typical 100 watt light bulb for little more than 7 hours every day--and nothing else.


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • Biomass accounted for 68% of total energy supply

  • Over 80% of rural households rely on firewood for cooking.


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • Biomass demand growth: about 1.5% p.a. during 1994-2004

  • Forest cover less than 3% of total land area.


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

Mother and child in a smoky cooking shelter


Cema activities

CEMA Activities

  • Consultation with key energy experts,  stakeholders and key informants in African government energy ministries and regional organizations, within the assigned sub-region regarding the need for skills and capacity building, and analytical studies, specifically related to enhancing the AEEP dialogue process.


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • East Africa Regional Contact Point


Methodology

Methodology

  • Pre-designed questionnaire

  • Market Mapping Approach

  • Contacts identified

  • Distributing questionnaires

  • Receiving response

  • Analysis and reporting


Market maps

Enabling Environment

Market Chain Actors and Linkages

Supporting Services

Market Maps


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • Contacts made:

  • Kenya

  • Uganda

  • Ethiopia

  • Sudan

  • EAC

  • IGAD

  • Stilling in process:

  • Somalia

  • Djibouti

  • Madagascar

  • Eritrea


Questionnaire distribution

Questionnaire Distribution

  • About 40 organizations identified and questionnaires distributed in Kenya, 15 in Uganda, 10 in Ethiopia and 6 in Sudan.

  • Primary fuel producers

  • Distributors

  • Cooperatives

  • trade policies

  • taxation policies

  • standards and codes practice

  • environmental policies

  • research and development


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • Training institutions

  • resource planning and use

  • regulatory and legislation

  • transport

  • shipping and clearing agencies

  • extension services in the line ministries

  • financial institutions

  • manufacturers

  • NGOs

  • CBOs and

  • development agencies


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • Response rate (%)


Preliminary findings

Preliminary Findings

  • Developing capacity of policy makers in the region to develop and implement energy policies especially taking to account the emerging new energy sources such as renewable energy.

  • Research and Training institutions in the region are still not well equipped in terms of facilities and curriculum to produce energy experts that can address the emerging energy sources


Capacity needs assessment in east africa

  • Poor negotiation skills

  • Entrepreneurship capacity to invest in energy investment

  • Low capacity to attract large funding for energy projects

  • Established channels of collaboration provided by EAC, IGAD, cross boundary projects

  • ACTS chairs National Biofuel Policy in Kenya and Collaborate with UDSM in Tz

  • Policy development – biofuel

  • Insecurity caused by instability in Somalia is a problem


Thank you for listening

Thank you for listening

[email protected]

http://www.acts.or.ke/


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