Karl Marx and Marxism. Biography. Born 1818 in Trier Jewish extraction Studied philosophy and economics in Berlin Married Jenny von Westphalen Earned his living (badly) as a journalist Died 1883 in London having only written 3 of the planned 8 volumes of Das Kapital. Jenny von Westphalen.
‘His real mission in life was to contribute, in one way or another, to the overthrow of capitalist society and of the state institutions which it had brought into being, to contribute to the liberation of the modern proletariat, which he was the first to make conscious of its own position and its needs, conscious of the conditions of its emancipation. … His name will endure through the ages, and so also will his work.’
‘The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle.’
‘The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces, the more his production increases in power and range.’
‘Men make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly found, given and transmitted from the past. The tradition of all the dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brain of the living.’
‘History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.’
‘The writer may very well serve a movement of history as its mouthpiece, but he cannot of course create it.’
‘In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality’.
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