POETRY. A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas). Types of Poetry. Dramatic Poetry builds action though dialogue or monologue (traditionally for theatrical performance).
The poet is the authorof the poem.
The poet Langston Hughes describes the difficult life of a single mother in his poem “Mother to Son.”
The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.
In Langston Hughes’s poem “Mother to Son,” the speaker begs her son to keep climbing the crystal stairs no matter how hard life gets.
Shall we listen to the poem?
Couplet = a two line stanza
Tercet = a three line stanza
Quatrain = a four line stanza
Quintet = a five line stanza
Sestet = a six line stanza
Septet = a seven line stanza
Octave = an eight line stanza
Stressed = strong or accented syllable
Unstressed = weak or unaccented syllable
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day
Thou art more lovely and more temperate
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line.
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.
I was a portrait of the artist as a young man,
All those teenage dreams of rapping,
Writing rhymes on napkins,
Was really visualization, making this here actually happen,
The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTH.
Slant rhyme can also be called half or approximate rhyme
More: Rose/lose, how/show, south/both
A mighty creature is the germ, a
Though smaller than the pachyderm. a
His customary dwelling place b
Is deep within the human race. b
His childish pride he often pleases c
By giving people strange diseases. c
Do you, my poppet, feel infirm? a
You probably contain a germ. a
– by Ogden Nash
RHYME SCHEMEA rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme. Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern.
BUZZ! FIZZ! SMASH! CRACKLE!
“The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of
each purple curtain . . .”
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
EXCEPT . . .
“silken,sad, uncertain, rustling . . “
“Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.”
– John Masefield
“Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.”
– William Shakespeare
I wandered lonely as a cloud.
He laughs like a hyena.
She is as beautiful as a sunrise.
… if dreams die, Life is a broken-winged bird.
– Langston Hughes
All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.
– William Shakespeare
A free bird leapson the back of the windand floats downstreamtill the current endsand dips his wingin the orange sun raysand dares to claim the sky…
The caged bird singswith a fearful trillof things unknownbut longed for stilland his tune is heardon the distant hillfor the caged birdsings of freedom.
– from “Caged Bird” by Maya AngelouEXTENDED METAPHORsustains the comparison for several lines or for the entire length of the poem.
Why does a boy who’s fast as a jetTake all day—and sometimes two—To get to school?
— "Speed Adjustments” by John Ciardi
A figure of speech in which an animal, idea or object are referred to as if they are human and given human-like qualities.
When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else usually an idea or emotion.
Do not go gentle into that good night,Old age should burn and rave at close of day;Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
– from “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night”by Dylan Thomas
A tunnel walled and overlaid
With dazzling crystal: we had read
Of rare Aladdin’s wondrous cave,
And to our own his name we gave.
– from “Snowbound” by John Greenleaf Whittier
Sundays too my father got up early
And put his clothes on in the blueback cold,
then with cracked hands that ached
from labor in the weekday weather made
banked fires blaze. No one ever thanked him.
– from “Those Winter Sundays” by Robert Hayden
Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing,
Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before
But the silence was unbroken, and the darkness gave no token...
– from “The Raven” by Edgar Allen PoeMOOD
The overall atmosphere or prevailing emotional feeling of a work.