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Thought for the Day…. Warm-up. Thought for the Day & Warm-up. Complete “What I know about…”. http:// padlet.com/wall/CHSHS13. Medical Terminology. Ch. 10 The Nervous System. Day 1. Agenda: Ch. 10 Lesson 1. Objective: The student will be able to:

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Thought for the day warm up

Thought for the Day…

Warm-up

Thought for the Day & Warm-up

Complete “What I know about…”

http://padlet.com/wall/CHSHS13


Medical terminology

Medical Terminology

Ch. 10 The Nervous System

Day 1


Agenda ch 10 lesson 1

Agenda: Ch. 10 Lesson 1

  • Objective: The student will be able to:

    • 1) Describe the structures AND define terms related to the diagnostic procedures of the nervous system

    • 2) Describe anesthesia/neurology specialties

  • Lesson: Ch.10 The Nervous System

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Structures

Structures


Brain

Brain

  • Encephal/o and Cerebr/o

    • Coordinates all activities of the body by receiving and transmitting messages throughout the body.

    • Cerebrospinal Fluid

      • Fluid that cushions and

        nourishes the brain and spinal cord

  • Note: Cephal/o

    • Head


Meninges

Meninges

  • Mening/o


Spinal cord

Spinal Cord

  • Myel/o

    • Transmits nerve impulses between the brain, limbs, and lower part of the body.


Nerves

Nerves

  • Neur/o

    • Receive and transmit messages to and from all parts of the body.

    • Myelin Sheath

      • Protective covering of the neuron

    • Neurotransmitters

      • Chemical substances that make

        nerve impulse transmission possible


Cranial nerves

Cranial Nerves


Spinal nerves

Spinal Nerves


Diagnostic procedures

Diagnostic Procedures

  • Carotid Ultrasonography

    • process of using sound to take a 3D picture of the carotid arteries to determine blood flow and plaque build-up

  • Echoencephalography

    • process of using sound to take a 2D picture of the brain structures


Diagnostic procedures1

Diagnostic Procedures

  • Electroencephalography

  • Myelography


Medical specialty anesthesia

Medical Specialty: Anesthesia

  • Types of Anesthetics

    • Local- directly affects the surgical site

      • Ex: minor dental procedures (cavity fillings)

    • Regional- affects the area around major nerves (larger, but limited body area)

      • Ex: Epidural Anesthesia

    • General- affects the brain and entire body

      • Ex: major surgery (requires assistive breathing device)


Epidural anesthesia

Epidural Anesthesia

  • Anesthesia produced from injecting an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord

    • Ex: childbirth


Medical specialty anesthesia1

Medical Specialty: Anesthesia

  • Anesthesiologist

    • Physician

  • Anesthetist

    • Registered Nurse


Medical specialty neurology

Medical Specialty: Neurology

  • Neurologist

  • Neurosurgeon


Individual activity

Individual Activity

  • Complete Ch.10 Learning Exercises (day 1)


Review looking ahead

Review & Looking Ahead…

  • Discussed: The structures AND define terms related to the diagnostic procedures of the nervous system and anesthesia and neurology specialties.

  • Next class topic: Terms related to neurology.

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Medical terminology1

Medical Terminology

Ch. 10 The Nervous System

Day 2


Thought for the day warm up1

Thought for the Day…

Warm-up

Thought for the Day & Warm-up

Warm-Up B

http://padlet.com/wall/CHSHS13


Agenda ch 10 lesson 2

Agenda: Ch. 10 Lesson 2

  • Objective: The student will be able to understands terms related to neurology.

  • Lesson: The Nervous System

    • Medical Specialty: Neurology (continued)

    • True Life: “I Have a Traumatic Brain Injury”

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Pathology of the brain spinal cord

Pathology of the Brain & Spinal Cord

  • Migraine Headache

    • Throbbing pain on one side of the head with nausea, vomiting, and/or light sensitivity

  • Head pain (headache)

    • Cephalgia

  • Inflammation of the brain

    • Encephalitis

  • Water (excess fluid) in the head

    • Hydrocephalus

  • Hernia/protrusion of the meninges

    • Meningocele

  • Inflammation of the meninges

    • Meningitis

  • Inflammation of the spinal cord

    • Myelitis

  • Delirium

    • Acute condition of confusion, agitation, hallucinations (usually caused by high fever)


Stroke

Stroke

  • Damage that occurs to the brain when blood flow is disrupted


Brain injuries

Brain Injuries

  • Concussion

    • the violent shaking up of the brain

  • Cerebral Contusion

    • bruising of the brain tissue

  • Cerebral Hematoma

    • a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain


Levels of consciousness

Levels of Consciousness

  • Syncope

    • Fainting

  • Lethargy

    • Lowered level of

      consciousness (drowsiness,

      apathy, reduced activity)

  • Coma

    • Deep state of unconsciousness

      • No spontaneous eye movement, speech, or response to pain


Epilepsy

Epilepsy

  • Seizure disorder (recurrent/sudden episodes of surges of electrical activity in the brain)


Brain disorders

Brain Disorders

  • Dementia

    • progressive decline in mental abilities (memory/thinking/judgment)

    • Alzheimer’s Disease

      • progressive deterioration of the brain structures that affect thought/memory/language/reasoning


Alzheimer s under the microscope

Alzheimer’s- Under the Microscope


Alzheimer s brain comparison

Alzheimer’s- Brain Comparison


Alzheimer s the progression

Alzheimer’s- The Progression


Brain disorders continued

Brain Disorders (continued)

  • Parkinson’s Disease

    • progressive loss of control over muscle movements (tremors, bradykinesia, shuffling gait)


Abnormal sensations

Abnormal Sensations

  • Burning pain

    • Causalgia

  • Condition of excessive

    sensation (sensitivity to

    touch/pain)

    • Hyperesthesia

  • Abnormal sensation (tingling/prickling)

    • Paresthesia


Nerve disorders

Nerve Disorders

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

    • a/myo/trophic lateral sclerosis

    • “without muscle development/nourishment”

    • nerve cells deteriorate and cannot send impulses to the muscles which results in progressive muscle weakness and eventual paralysis

      • Also called “Lou Gehrig’s Disease”


Nerve disorders continued

Nerve Disorders (continued)

  • GuillainBarre Syndrome

    • Autoimmune-related inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves that can lead to temporary paralysis

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    • autoimmune-related demyelination which disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses


Nerve disorders continued cranial nerves

Nerve Disorders (continued)Cranial Nerves

Bell’s Palsy

-temporary paralysis of one of the 7th cranial nerves

Trigeminal Neuralgia

-lightning-like pain from inflammation of one of the 5th cranial nerves


Nerve disorders continued spinal nerves

Nerve Disorders (continued)Spinal Nerves

  • Sciatica

    • inflammation of a spinal nerve that results in pain in the thigh/leg


Thought for the day warm up

  • Video: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)


Review looking ahead1

Review & Looking Ahead…

  • Discussed: Terms related to neurology.

  • Next class topic: Terms related to mental health.

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Medical terminology2

Medical Terminology

Ch. 10 The Nervous System

Day 3


Thought for the day warm up2

Thought for the Day…

Warm-up

Thought for the Day & Warm-up

Warm-up C

http://padlet.com/wall/CHSHS13


Agenda ch 10 lesson 3

Agenda: Ch. 10 Lesson 3

  • Objective: The student will be able to understands terms related to mental health.

  • Lesson: The Nervous System

    • Medical Specialty: Mental Health

    • True Life: “I Have Schizophrenia”

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Medical specialty mental health

Medical Specialty: Mental Health

  • Psychiatrist

    • Chemical dependency

    • Emotional Problems

    • Mental Illness

  • Psychologist

    • Emotional Problems


Developmental disorders

Developmental Disorders

  • Autism

    • spectrum of disorders in which an individual cannot develop normal social relationships

  • Dyslexia

    • learning disability in which the brain cannot process symbols (reading disorder)


Sleep disorders

Sleep Disorders

  • Insomnia

  • Narcolepsy


Phobias

Phobias

  • Abnormal fear of (being on) top (high places)

    • Acrophobia

  • Abnormal fear of barriers (enclosed spaces)

    • Claustrophobia


Anxiety disorders

Anxiety Disorders

  • Panic Attack

    • intense emotional feelings (fear/terror) with physical symptoms

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

    • characterized by recurrent/unwanted obsessions and compulsions (impulses to act)


Anxiety disorders1

Anxiety Disorders

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

    • characterized by symptoms of anxiety/sleep disorders/difficulty concentrating/emotional disturbances that may develop after a traumatic event

  • Anxiolytic

    • “Anxio/lytic”

    • anxiety destroying

    • medication that relieves anxiety and reduces tension (also known as an antianxiety or tranquilizer)


Impulse control disorders

Impulse Control Disorders

  • Madness to steal

    • Kleptomania

  • Madness (with setting) fires

    • Pyromania

  • Madness related to hair (pulling)

    • Trichotillomania


Illness related disorders

Illness-Related Disorders

  • Factitious Disorder

    • condition in which an individual acts as if he/she has a physical illness when he/she is not really sick

  • Hypochondriasis

    • fear that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation


Psychotic disorders

Psychotic Disorders

  • Delusion

    • a false personal belief

  • Hallucination

    • sensory perception (sight, touch, sound, smell, taste) experienced without actual stimulation


Psychotic disorders continued

Psychotic Disorders (continued)

  • Schizophrenia

    • a withdrawal from reality and disorganized thinking (with delusions and hallucinations)

  • Mediation that works against the mind

    • Antipsychotic


Review looking ahead2

Review & Looking Ahead…

  • Discussed: The structures AND define terms related to the diagnostic procedures of the nervous system and anesthesia and neurology specialties.

  • Next class topic: Terms related to neurology.

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Medical terminology3

Medical Terminology

Ch. 10 The Nervous System

Day 4


Thought for the day warm up3

Thought for the Day…

Warm-up

Thought for the Day & Warm-up

NONE

B-day - True Life: I Have a Schizophrenia

A-day – Practice Day

http://padlet.com/wall/CHSHS13


Thought for the day warm up

  • True Life: I Have a Schizophrenia


Agenda ch 10 practice day a

Agenda Ch.10 Practice Day (A)

  • You will be divided into 5 groups

  • Create a large-scale drawing(s) that depicts your assigned diseases/disorders

  • You must not only include the word’s definition but also illustrate a picture of it!

  • You have the class period to complete this assignment.

  • This will be for a grade

  • Pathology of the Brain & Spinal Cord (terms from the word-building)

  • Strokes, Brain Injuries, Levels of Consciousness

  • Epilepsy, Brain Disorders & Abnormal Sensations

  • Nerve Disorders

  • Mental Health

    • Phobias

    • Panic Attack, OCD

    • Impulse Control Disorders

    • Factitious, Hypochondriasis

    • Schizophrenia


Review looking ahead3

Review & Looking Ahead…

  • Discussed: The structures AND define terms related to the diagnostic procedures of the nervous system and anesthesia and neurology specialties.

  • Next class topic: Terms related to neurology.

  • Quiz 10 Monday, May 12th (A-day) or Tuesday, May 13th (B-day)


Medical terminology4

Medical Terminology

Ch. 10 The Nervous System

Day 5


Thought for the day warm up4

Thought for the Day…

Warm-up

Thought for the Day & Warm-up

Complete “What I know about…”

http://padlet.com/wall/CHSHS13


Agenda ch 10 review

Agenda: Ch.10 Review

  • Objective: The student will be able to understand terms related to the nervous system.

  • Warm-Up: Warm-Up C & D

  • Review:

    • StudyStack/StudyWare

    • Game: Jeopardy

  • Ch. 10 Quiz/ Grade In Class


Complete warm up d if you haven t finished it yet otherwise bingo

Complete Warm-Up D if you haven’t finished it yet. Otherwise, BINGO


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