Spark Plasma Sintering of Rare-Earth Metals Doped Ceria. Lia Stanciu, School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907.
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Lia Stanciu, School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907
Spark Plasma Sintering: The novel sintering method that we used, which applies an electrical field, high heating rate and short holding times at the maximum sintering temperature to densify, while preserving a fine grain size, the lanthanide-doped ceria ceramics.
We aim investigate the behavior of doped ceria materials upon SPS sintering at 1100 and 1200 degrees Celsius.
Nanometric powders of ceria doped with 20 at% of three different rare earth metals (Sm, Gd, Yb) were synthesized by a solution method and subsequently sintered by SPS at 1100 and 1200°C. The particle sizes of the precursor powders were 26.4 (SDC), 19.3 (YDC) and 31.4 nm (GDC), respectively. The grain sizes of the samples SPS sintered at 1100°C registered a three to five fold increase relative to the precursor powders. When the SPS sintering temperature was increased to 1200°C, the grain growth was enhanced to an 8-19 fold increase relative to the precursor powder.
Schematic of the SPS set up
Impedance spectra for the M3+-CeO2 samples, SPS sintered at 1100°C; (left) measurement temperature = 290°C; (right) measurement temperature = 250°C
SEM images of the SPS sintered lanthanide doped CeO2