Colombian Protected Areas as Natural Solutions from a Global Challenge Perspective
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Colombian Protected Areas as Natural Solutions from a Global Challenge Perspective JULIA MIRANDA LONDOÑO Director General, National Parks Agency - Colombia Putting Natural Solutions to Work: Mainstreaming protected areas into climate change responses September 7, 2012.

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Colombian Protected Areas as Natural Solutions from a Global Challenge Perspective

JULIA MIRANDA LONDOÑO

Director General, National Parks Agency - Colombia

Putting Natural Solutions to Work: Mainstreaming protected areas into

climate change responses

September 7, 2012


Colombian National Natural Parks Authority: Challenge PerspectiveDouble Mission

  • Administration and management of the National Park System

  • Coordination of the National System of Protected Areas (National, Regional, Local, Communities, Private)

  • 56 National Parks (12.602.320 ha)

  • 9,98% of the terrestrial area

  • 1,30% of the marine area

  • Constitutional and legal protection: declared perpetually.


Human well being and Protected Areas Challenge Perspective

  • In Colombia Protected Areas…

  • Provide water directly to 20% of the national population and indirectly to 50%;

  • Provide 70% of the water used for hydropower generation in Colombia;

  • Provide landscape and seascape for Ecotourism (aprox. 700,000 visitors per year);

  • Protect Cultural Heritage (26 National Parks are overlaped with Indigenous and Local Communities), maintaining their territories for traditional practices and uses.

3



Climate change

Adaptation and

Mitigation

projects

Management

Plans including

Climate Change

National Parks

Climate Change

Strategy

Agreements for

using natural

resources with

locals

Restoration,

Monitoring and

Research

New protected

areas

Capacity

building

Adaptive

Management


Reducing Risks for the Future Parks

Protected Areas are facing climate change threats. Rapid glaciers retreat, especially in the last 3 decades with losses between 3 to 5% coverage per year and a decrease in the glacier from 20 to 25m per year.

ProtectedAreas are more resilienttoclimatechangethandegradedecosystems

La Niña Effects, Colombia


PNN Sumapaz. Ángela Echeverry Parks

VP Isla de Salamanca. Giovanny Pulido

SSF Ciénaga Grande. Carlos Angulo

Well conserved Protected Areas help maintain ecosystem services such as carbon fixation, climate regulation, reduce coastal erosion and as a breeding place for fish/shell.


Water supplies Parks

In Colombia we are facing global changethreatssuch as watersourcereductioncausedbyclimatechange as well as soildegradation

Wellpreservedprotectedareas are resilienttoclimatechangeoppositetodegradedecosystems.

Wetland, NNP Sumapaz- Photo: Angela Echeverry

Tropical Forest, PNN Amacayacu

La Niña Effects, Colombia

PNN Chingaza. Archivo Parques Nacionales


Water supplies Parks

Water supply for consumption, hydroelectric systems, agriculture and industry.

Thewaterprovisioncompany in Bogotá has invested in conservation of nationalparkstoguaranteeprovisionfor 12 millionpeople.

Conservation CorridorChingaza-Sumapaz-Cerros Orientales-Guerrero.

Tropical Forest, PNN Amacayacu

La Niña Effects, Colombia


Research is strategic for improving management in a global change context:

In Paramo Ecoystems: significantincreases in maximumtemperature (closeto 1 ° C per decade)

Variations, anomalies and gradientchanges (approx.) (Source: C. Figueroa, J. Sabogal, 2010 - basedon IDEAM, 2003).

Improving climate information for the National Parks: research on impacts and threats caused by la Niña, el Niño. Importance of climate historic analysis.

Iguaque Sancturary Climate Information


Food security Parks

Wellpreservedmangroovesgeneratefoodprovisionfor local communities and industries (fish, shell).

Conserved Mangroove, NNP Old Providence PHoto: Melissa Val


Progress in ecosystems restoration Parks

Actions of ecological restoration have supported recovery and adaptation of damaged ecosystems, and have become a mitigation strategy.


Thank you Parks


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