school finance partnership programs outside of per pupil what other states are doing
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
School Finance Partnership Programs Outside of Per Pupil: What Other States Are Doing

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

School Finance Partnership Programs Outside of Per Pupil: What Other States Are Doing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 79 Views
  • Uploaded on

School Finance Partnership Programs Outside of Per Pupil: What Other States Are Doing. Mary Wickersham, Colorado Children’s Campaign. What is a categorical?. Funding delivered outside of per pupil funding; Particular students or programs; Required to be spent in specified ways;.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' School Finance Partnership Programs Outside of Per Pupil: What Other States Are Doing' - xanto


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
school finance partnership programs outside of per pupil what other states are doing

School Finance PartnershipPrograms Outside of Per Pupil: What Other States Are Doing

Mary Wickersham, Colorado Children’s Campaign

slide2

What is a categorical?

  • Funding delivered outside of per pupil funding;
  • Particular students or programs;
  • Required to be spent in specified ways;
other state programs
Other State Programs

Source: Joint Budget Committee Staff

categorical funding
Categorical funding
  • All of state categorical funding is state $$, there is no local share.
  • Except that none of the categorical programs provides 100% of the costs associated with the services or students identified.
  • On average unreimbursed categorical programs accounted for about 17% of total district SFA revenue (nearly 30% in Denver)
substantial underfunding of some categoricals
Substantial underfunding of some categoricals
  • Special Education: The state and federal government collectively provide about 35% of special education funding.
    • Unreimbursed Special Ed. costs can amount to 16% of a district’s school finance revenue.
  • Transportation: Just under 25% of school district expenditures on transportation are covered by the state.
    • Unreimbursed transportation costs can amount to 8% of a district’s school finance revenue.
  • ELPA: On a per student basis, students that do not speak or comprehend English receive an additional $182, while those with better skills receive as little as $17.
    • For a district like Denver, total ELPA funding ($1.7M) covers about 2% of the expenditures for those students/programs.
the use of categorical funding in other states
The use of categorical funding in other states
  • 49 states use categorical funding as a mechanism to direct additional funds to targeted students and schools.
  • Ohio reported 105 separate categorical programs. In contrast, Alaska, North Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming each reported only 2.
  • Colorado ranks 34th in dollar allocation for categorical programs per capita.
advantages of using categorical funding
Advantages of using categorical funding
  • Some programs do not easily lend themselves to per pupil distribution
    • Transportation: the cost per pupil for transportation varies from over $3800 per pupil (Agate) to a low of less than $150 per pupil (Estes Park).
    • Capital: on a per pupil basis local capital capacity varies 21,000%.
  • As an equity measure, programs for at risk students are sometimes created as categoricals to ensure the $$ do get spent on those students.
  • Often state educational priorities get created as categoricals to ensure $$ be used in a specific way.
    • Reduced class size in Florida.
    • After school programs in California.
    • Counselor Corps here in Colorado
    • Federal funding examples (outside of formula distribution): TIF, I3, Turnaround grants
d isadvantages of using categorical funding
Disadvantages of using categorical funding
  • Because funding is not tied to students, programs are less likely to see regular increases and programs are more likely to be underfunded.
  • Because of funding uncertainty, problems with fiscal sustainability of programs.
  • In general, because categorical programs are created separately, they are more easily eliminated.
  • Specific spending constraints impede flexibility and innovation.
capital funding in colorado best
Capital funding in Colorado: BEST
  • About half of the state’s school districts to not have the total local capacity to build a single school.
  • Dedicated funding stream from the School Land Trust;
  • Grant-based distribution based on need;
  • Local matching amount requirement is means-tested;
  • Statewide needs assessment identified $17.9 billion in unmet needs and the current program is on target to deliver $1 billion before leverage capacity runs out.
  • Has created/saved nearly 9000 jobs to date.
new development of incentive reward categorical programs
New development of incentive/reward categorical programs
  • Because of the nature of performance-based incentives and/or rewards, these programs would most easily designed as categorical programs (instead of built into the formula).
    • They are not automatically delivered;
    • They do not go to each student/district equally.
ad