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The Gilded Age 1870-1890






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The Gilded Age 1870-1890. Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold What does this imply about American Society?. Mark Twain. Positives Industrialization Economic Growth New Inventions Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs Manifest Destiny . Negatives Working Conditions
The Gilded Age 1870-1890

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The gilded age 1870 1890Slide 1

The Gilded Age1870-1890

The gilded age 1870 1890Slide 2

Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold

What does this imply about American Society?

Mark Twain

Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existedSlide 3

Positives

Industrialization

Economic Growth

New Inventions

Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs

Manifest Destiny

Negatives

Working Conditions

Poverty and Living Conditions in Cities

Gap between Rich and Poor Increases

Farmers Struggle

Political Corruption

Treatment of Minorities

Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed

Characteristics of the Gilded Age

Middle class and the growth of suburbsSlide 4

Middle Class and the Growth of Suburbs

  • commute to the city for jobs and shopping.

  • made possible by railroads, horse cars, and streetcars.

  • get away from poor immigrants

  • Quiet and healthier for family

  • Segregated Communities

Nouveau richeSlide 5

The New Rich

Conspicuous Consumption- spending money just to show off wealth

Nouveau Riche

Conspicuous display of wealth millionaire s row new yorkSlide 6

Conspicuous Display of Wealth, Millionaire’s Row, New York

Carnegie Mansion

Vanderbilt Chateau

How did the other half liveSlide 7

How did the other half live?

The shift to the citySlide 8

The Shift to the City

Urbanization- process in which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities or suburbs of cities

Migration from country to citySlide 9

MIGRATION FROM COUNTRY TO CITY

  • Immigration

  • improvements in farm technology meant less labor

  • Many rural people left for cities to find work

  • African Americans

TenementSlide 10

a rundown apartment used to house large numbers of low-income families.

Tenement

Home of an italian ragpicker 1888Slide 13

“Home of an Italian Ragpicker,” 1888

One of four pedlars who slept in the cellar of 11 ludlow street rear c 1892Slide 14

“One of Four Pedlars Who Slept in the Cellar of 11 Ludlow Street Rear,” c. 1892

Urban problemsSlide 16

URBAN PROBLEMS

  • Overcrowded Housing

  • Sanitation: garbage was often not collected

  • Polluted air

  • Lack of clean water

  • Crime

  • Fire

Harper’s Weekly image of Chicagoans fleeing the fire over the Randolph Street bridge in 1871

Politics in the gilded ageSlide 17

POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE

  • As cities grew in the late 19th century, so did political machines

  • Political machines controlled the activities of a political party in a city

  • The head of the Political machine was known as the “Boss”

Role of the political bossSlide 18

ROLE OF THE POLITICAL BOSS

  • The “Boss” controlled jobs, business licenses, granting of contracts and influenced laws and courts

  • Political Machines helped immigrants with naturalization (citizenship), jobs, and housing in exchange for votes

Boss Tweed ran NYC

Political corruption was considered to be widespreadSlide 19

Political Corruption was considered to be widespread

  • President Grant’s Administration

  • Voter Fraud- used fake names and voted multiple times

  • Patronage- granting favors in return for political support

  • Graft- bribes

  • kick-backs - Return of money in exchange for a business

Boss tweed and tammany hallSlide 20

Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall

The tweed ring scandalSlide 21

THE TWEED RING SCANDAL

William M. Tweed, known as Boss Tweed, became head of Tammany Hall, NYC’s powerful Democratic political machines

Between 1869-1871, Tweed led the Tweed Ring, a group of corrupt politicians, in defrauding the city

Tweed’s ring stole between 40 and 200 million

Tweed died in Jail

Boss Tweed

Does history remember the real boss tweedSlide 22

Does History remember the Real Boss Tweed?

Civil service replaces patronageSlide 23

CIVIL SERVICE REPLACES PATRONAGE

  • Nationally, some politicians pushed for reform in the hiring system

  • The system had been based on Patronage or the Spoils System; giving jobs and favors to those who helped a candidate get elected

  • Reformers pushed for an adoption of a merit system of hiring the most qualified for jobs

  • The Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 authorized a bipartisan commission to make appointments for federal jobs based on performance

Applicants for federal jobs are required to take a Civil Service Exam


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