The Gilded Age 1870-1890
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The Gilded Age 1870-1890

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The Gilded Age 1870-1890

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1. The Gilded Age 1870-1890

2. Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold What does this imply about American Society?

3. Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed Positives Industrialization Economic Growth New Inventions Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs Manifest Destiny Negatives Working Conditions Poverty and Living Conditions in Cities Gap between Rich and Poor Increases Farmers Struggle Political Corruption Treatment of Minorities

4. Middle Class and the Growth of Suburbs commute to the city for jobs and shopping. made possible by railroads, horse cars, and streetcars. get away from poor immigrants Quiet and healthier for family Segregated Communities

5. Nouveau Riche The New Rich Conspicuous Consumption- spending money just to show off wealth

6. Conspicuous Display of Wealth, Millionaire?s Row, New York Carnegie resided on Millionaires' Row for over three decades, first in a brownstone adjoining the Vanderbilt chateau at 51st street, then in this four-story, sixty-four room mansion at 91st.The house was a marvel of modern technology. Outside air was brought in and heated or cooled to the desired temperature. In the sub-basement, a miner's cart carried coal along a railroad track from a massive bin to three large boilers. On a typical winter day, it took two tons of coal to heat the house. The Vanderbilt chateau at 52nd Street, designed by architect Richard Morris Hunt, represents the first influential grafting of European history on unseasoned American wealth. It was grand and gaudy, inspired by great mansions of 15th-century France. It literally dripped with Europe, instantly becoming the standard for the mansions of Fifth Avenue and the palatial homes of Newport. To some, however, it seemed a bit much. Critic Louis H. Sullivan called it "a contradiction, an absurdity, a characteristically New York absurdity." Carnegie resided on Millionaires' Row for over three decades, first in a brownstone adjoining the Vanderbilt chateau at 51st street, then in this four-story, sixty-four room mansion at 91st.The house was a marvel of modern technology. Outside air was brought in and heated or cooled to the desired temperature. In the sub-basement, a miner's cart carried coal along a railroad track from a massive bin to three large boilers. On a typical winter day, it took two tons of coal to heat the house. The Vanderbilt chateau at 52nd Street, designed by architect Richard Morris Hunt, represents the first influential grafting of European history on unseasoned American wealth. It was grand and gaudy, inspired by great mansions of 15th-century France. It literally dripped with Europe, instantly becoming the standard for the mansions of Fifth Avenue and the palatial homes of Newport. To some, however, it seemed a bit much. Critic Louis H. Sullivan called it "a contradiction, an absurdity, a characteristically New York absurdity."

7. How did the other half live?

8. The Shift to the City

9. MIGRATION FROM COUNTRY TO CITY Immigration improvements in farm technology meant less labor Many rural people left for cities to find work African Americans

10. Tenement a rundown apartment used to house large numbers of low-income families.

13. ?Home of an Italian Ragpicker,? 1888 Jacob Riis Home of an Italian Ragpicker 1888Jacob Riis Home of an Italian Ragpicker 1888

14. ?One of Four Pedlars Who Slept in the Cellar of 11 Ludlow Street Rear,? c. 1892 Jacob Riis One of Four Pedlars Who Slept in the Cellar of 11 Ludlow Street Rear c. 1892 Jacob Riis One of Four Pedlars Who Slept in the Cellar of 11 Ludlow Street Rear c. 1892

16. URBAN PROBLEMS Overcrowded Housing Sanitation: garbage was often not collected Polluted air Lack of clean water Crime Fire

17. POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE As cities grew in the late 19th century, so did political machines Political machines controlled the activities of a political party in a city The head of the Political machine was known as the ?Boss?

18. ROLE OF THE POLITICAL BOSS The ?Boss? controlled jobs, business licenses, granting of contracts and influenced laws and courts Political Machines helped immigrants with naturalization (citizenship), jobs, and housing in exchange for votes

19. Political Corruption was considered to be widespread President Grant?s Administration Voter Fraud- used fake names and voted multiple times Patronage- granting favors in return for political support Graft- bribes kick-backs - Return of money in exchange for a business

20. Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall

21. THE TWEED RING SCANDAL William M. Tweed, known as Boss Tweed, became head of Tammany Hall, NYC?s powerful Democratic political machines Between 1869-1871, Tweed led the Tweed Ring, a group of corrupt politicians, in defrauding the city Tweed?s ring stole between 40 and 200 million Tweed died in Jail

22. Does History remember the Real Boss Tweed?

23. CIVIL SERVICE REPLACES PATRONAGE Nationally, some politicians pushed for reform in the hiring system The system had been based on Patronage or the Spoils System; giving jobs and favors to those who helped a candidate get elected Reformers pushed for an adoption of a merit system of hiring the most qualified for jobs The Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 authorized a bipartisan commission to make appointments for federal jobs based on performance


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