Advertisement
1 / 23

The Gilded Age 1870-1890


  • 196 Views
  • Uploaded On 18-01-2013

The Gilded Age 1870-1890. Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold What does this imply about American Society?. Mark Twain. Positives Industrialization Economic Growth New Inventions Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs Manifest Destiny . Negatives Working Conditions

Presentation posted in : General

Download Presentation

The Gilded Age 1870-1890

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.












- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




Presentation Transcript


The gilded age 1870 1890

The Gilded Age1870-1890


The gilded age 1870 1890

Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold

What does this imply about American Society?

Mark Twain


Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed

Positives

Industrialization

Economic Growth

New Inventions

Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs

Manifest Destiny

Negatives

Working Conditions

Poverty and Living Conditions in Cities

Gap between Rich and Poor Increases

Farmers Struggle

Political Corruption

Treatment of Minorities

Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed

Characteristics of the Gilded Age


Middle class and the growth of suburbs

Middle Class and the Growth of Suburbs

  • commute to the city for jobs and shopping.

  • made possible by railroads, horse cars, and streetcars.

  • get away from poor immigrants

  • Quiet and healthier for family

  • Segregated Communities


Nouveau riche

The New Rich

Conspicuous Consumption- spending money just to show off wealth

Nouveau Riche


Conspicuous display of wealth millionaire s row new york

Conspicuous Display of Wealth, Millionaire’s Row, New York

Carnegie Mansion

Vanderbilt Chateau


How did the other half live

How did the other half live?


The shift to the city

The Shift to the City

Urbanization- process in which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities or suburbs of cities


Migration from country to city

MIGRATION FROM COUNTRY TO CITY

  • Immigration

  • improvements in farm technology meant less labor

  • Many rural people left for cities to find work

  • African Americans


Tenement

a rundown apartment used to house large numbers of low-income families.

Tenement


Home of an italian ragpicker 1888

“Home of an Italian Ragpicker,” 1888


One of four pedlars who slept in the cellar of 11 ludlow street rear c 1892

“One of Four Pedlars Who Slept in the Cellar of 11 Ludlow Street Rear,” c. 1892


Urban problems

URBAN PROBLEMS

  • Overcrowded Housing

  • Sanitation: garbage was often not collected

  • Polluted air

  • Lack of clean water

  • Crime

  • Fire

Harper’s Weekly image of Chicagoans fleeing the fire over the Randolph Street bridge in 1871


Politics in the gilded age

POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE

  • As cities grew in the late 19th century, so did political machines

  • Political machines controlled the activities of a political party in a city

  • The head of the Political machine was known as the “Boss”


Role of the political boss

ROLE OF THE POLITICAL BOSS

  • The “Boss” controlled jobs, business licenses, granting of contracts and influenced laws and courts

  • Political Machines helped immigrants with naturalization (citizenship), jobs, and housing in exchange for votes

Boss Tweed ran NYC


Political corruption was considered to be widespread

Political Corruption was considered to be widespread

  • President Grant’s Administration

  • Voter Fraud- used fake names and voted multiple times

  • Patronage- granting favors in return for political support

  • Graft- bribes

  • kick-backs - Return of money in exchange for a business


Boss tweed and tammany hall

Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall


The tweed ring scandal

THE TWEED RING SCANDAL

William M. Tweed, known as Boss Tweed, became head of Tammany Hall, NYC’s powerful Democratic political machines

Between 1869-1871, Tweed led the Tweed Ring, a group of corrupt politicians, in defrauding the city

Tweed’s ring stole between 40 and 200 million

Tweed died in Jail

Boss Tweed


Does history remember the real boss tweed

Does History remember the Real Boss Tweed?


Civil service replaces patronage

CIVIL SERVICE REPLACES PATRONAGE

  • Nationally, some politicians pushed for reform in the hiring system

  • The system had been based on Patronage or the Spoils System; giving jobs and favors to those who helped a candidate get elected

  • Reformers pushed for an adoption of a merit system of hiring the most qualified for jobs

  • The Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 authorized a bipartisan commission to make appointments for federal jobs based on performance

Applicants for federal jobs are required to take a Civil Service Exam