Planned cities of the indus
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Planned Cities of the Indus. Chapter 2 Section 3. Key Terms. Subcontinent Monsoon Harapan civilization. The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent. Subcontinent- land mass that includes India, Pakastan, and Bangladesh Protection World’s largest mountains Large desert.

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Planned Cities of the Indus

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Planned cities of the indus

Planned Cities of the Indus

Chapter 2

Section 3


Key terms

Key Terms

  • Subcontinent

  • Monsoon

  • Harapan civilization


The geography of the indian subcontinent

The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent

  • Subcontinent- land mass that includes India, Pakastan, and Bangladesh

  • Protection

    • World’s largest mountains

    • Large desert


The geography of the indian subcontinent1

The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent

  • Indus and Ganges Rivers

  • Enormous flat fertile plain

  • Indus river 1700 miles

    • Provide irrigation

    • Silt for rich land

  • Decca Plateau-large dry center of peninsula


Monsoons

Monsoons

  • Seasonal winds

  • October to February

    • From the Northeast

    • Dry westward air

  • June through October

    • Southeast over the ocean

    • Large rain clouds

    • Flooding

    • Lack of monsoons is drought


Environmental challenges

Environmental Challenges

  • Yearly floods, rich soil

  • Rivers change course

  • The cycle of wet and dry is unpredictable


Civilization emerges on the indus

Civilization Emerges on the Indus

  • Earliest arrivals

    • Arrived by sea from Africa

  • Planned Cities

    • Buildings of brick

    • Strong levees

    • Human made islands

    • Kalibangan, Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, largest cities


Harappan civilization

Harappan Civilization

  • Indus Valley

  • Streets laid out in a grid system

  • Citadel-fortified area

  • Bricks of standard size

  • Plumbing and sewage systems

  • Streets 30 feet wide divided residential areas


Harappan culture

Harappan Culture

  • Language

    • Written language

    • Impossible to decipher

    • 400 symbols make up language

  • Animals on a lot of artifacts

    • Statues

    • Toys

    • seals


Harappan culture1

Harappan Culture

  • Role of Religion

    • Theocracy

    • No temple found

    • Priest prayed for harvests

    • Mother goddess

    • Fertility images

    • Worship of bull

    • Shiva image


Harappan culture2

Harappan Culture

  • Trade

    • Gold and silver from Afghanistan

    • Semi precious stones Persia

    • Indus good transportation

  • Indus River link to the sea

  • Trading 2600 to 1800BC


Indus valley culture ends

Indus Valley Culture ends

  • 1750 quality declines

  • Found by satellite 1970’s

  • River may have dried up

  • Environmental changes affected food

  • Aryans arrived in 1500 BC in the Indus Valley


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