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Planned Cities of the Indus. Chapter 2 Section 3. Key Terms. Subcontinent Monsoon Harapan civilization. The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent. Subcontinent- land mass that includes India, Pakastan, and Bangladesh Protection World’s largest mountains Large desert.

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planned cities of the indus

Planned Cities of the Indus

Chapter 2

Section 3

key terms
Key Terms
  • Subcontinent
  • Monsoon
  • Harapan civilization
the geography of the indian subcontinent
The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent
  • Subcontinent- land mass that includes India, Pakastan, and Bangladesh
  • Protection
    • World’s largest mountains
    • Large desert
the geography of the indian subcontinent1
The Geography of the Indian Subcontinent
  • Indus and Ganges Rivers
  • Enormous flat fertile plain
  • Indus river 1700 miles
    • Provide irrigation
    • Silt for rich land
  • Decca Plateau-large dry center of peninsula
monsoons
Monsoons
  • Seasonal winds
  • October to February
    • From the Northeast
    • Dry westward air
  • June through October
    • Southeast over the ocean
    • Large rain clouds
    • Flooding
    • Lack of monsoons is drought
environmental challenges
Environmental Challenges
  • Yearly floods, rich soil
  • Rivers change course
  • The cycle of wet and dry is unpredictable
civilization emerges on the indus
Civilization Emerges on the Indus
  • Earliest arrivals
    • Arrived by sea from Africa
  • Planned Cities
    • Buildings of brick
    • Strong levees
    • Human made islands
    • Kalibangan, Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, largest cities
harappan civilization
Harappan Civilization
  • Indus Valley
  • Streets laid out in a grid system
  • Citadel-fortified area
  • Bricks of standard size
  • Plumbing and sewage systems
  • Streets 30 feet wide divided residential areas
harappan culture
Harappan Culture
  • Language
    • Written language
    • Impossible to decipher
    • 400 symbols make up language
  • Animals on a lot of artifacts
    • Statues
    • Toys
    • seals
harappan culture1
Harappan Culture
  • Role of Religion
    • Theocracy
    • No temple found
    • Priest prayed for harvests
    • Mother goddess
    • Fertility images
    • Worship of bull
    • Shiva image
harappan culture2
Harappan Culture
  • Trade
    • Gold and silver from Afghanistan
    • Semi precious stones Persia
    • Indus good transportation
  • Indus River link to the sea
  • Trading 2600 to 1800BC
indus valley culture ends
Indus Valley Culture ends
  • 1750 quality declines
  • Found by satellite 1970’s
  • River may have dried up
  • Environmental changes affected food
  • Aryans arrived in 1500 BC in the Indus Valley
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