Canada and the Great War 1914-1918. Canada’s War Readiness. Pop. – 7 million Army – 3,000 Navy – 3 ships Air Force – 0 planes Leader – Robert Borden ARE WE WAR READY?????. Wartime Measures Act of 1914. Implemented Aug.22
Britain and its empire
Did Canada have a choice?
Russia (Drops out 1917)
USA (Enters in 1917)
- Arms Race
- Secret Alliances
- Assassination of Francis Ferdinand
( What was the reaction in Canada to these causes?)
(Why would a major training camp be placed in the province of Quebec?)
Enlistment posters were needed to attract young Canadian boys to volunteer to fight. Going into October of 1914, the Canadian Army now had numbers of around 30,000.
French Canadians felt little ties to France and no ties to Britain. 35,000 French Canadians enlisted with the 22nd Battalion being the only unit where French could be spoken.
Women in Canada were targeted for enlistment efforts. The intent of this posting is obvious.
3000 women joined the medical corps. One nurse wrote that she helped out in 291 operations in 24 hours.
The Call of the Motherland (1914)Verse 1: There’s a humming on the cable, there’s a whisper in the air, There’s message stirring each Canadian heart, Once more old England’s calling as she bids her sons prepare, To save the world and play a Briton’s part; But Canada no longer stands and watches from afar, The hearts of all her sons are beating high; They speed across the water and beneath the British star, Will show the nations how to fight and die; Chorus: When war’s alarms, and the call to arms, Comes across from the Motherland, At the call, as one, each Canadian son, Is ready to take his stand, From East and West, we will give out best, And the pray’rs of out people bring; And side by side with the Empire’s pride, We will fight for our Flag and King.” Verse 2: From the blue Pacific waters to the fair Atlantic coast, From the mountains and the prairies of the west, All Canada is stirring in a vast and mighty host, Prepar’d to offer England of her best; When tho’ the seas divide us. Britain’s duty is our own, And side by side with Britain we will go; ‘Till vict’ry rests upon her flag, she shall not fight alone, The Empire stands united ‘gainst her foe:
The Best Old Flag on Earth (1914)Verse 1: Though England’s foes may assail her, Though the war clouds hang around, Still the bright sun smiles O’er Britain’s Isles, For friends in need She’s found. From India’s Strand to Baffin’s land They have answered the Empire’s call; For we can’t turn our back On the old Union Jack, the Best old flag of all. Chorus: Then give three cheers, Three British cheers For the old Red, White and Blue. Let the world all know That Britain’s foe Is Canada’s foe too. Across the sea In Germany, Our boys, they will prove their worth For the Maple Leaf Our emblem dear And the best old Flag on earth. Verse 2: When England said men were wanted Far across the sea to go, From the east and west, They came, our best, To lay the tyrant low. So here’s good luck to Jack Canuck! For he’s ready to fight or to fall, And he’ll stick to the last, For he’s nailed to his mast The best old flag of all.
What is your interpretation of this poster?
(What were they training for?)
24 to 37 hrs shifts
No Man’s Land