C onfucianism. Harper Davis, Lily Stephens, Sarah Womack, Abby Hutchinson, and Belle Briede. Confucianism's Gods. Their were no specific gods Confucianism because Confucius felt that such supernatural matters were unknowledgeable. but
Harper Davis, Lily Stephens, Sarah Womack,
Abby Hutchinson, and Belle Briede
How the Followers Practice the Religion
Followers of Confucianism incorporate aspects of Confucius thinking into their daily lives:
-Family hierarchy should be very structured; everyone has a specific job to do and a specific role to fulfill.
-Living with an honor code of loyalty and truth
Ancestor worship is the ritualized commemoration of, communication with, and sacrifice to one's deceased relatives. Its origin lies deep within the Confucian tradition.
Confucianism is, frankly, a culmination of ethical philosophies in which rituals at important times throughout a person’s life have been added.
The Major Rituals/Holidays of the Religion
“Confucianism may not be considered a religion, but its ideals and teachings have greatly influenced the people's culture. Confucianism ceremonies that are celebrated in China emphasize the philosophy of the system. Aside from honoring Confucius, these events are important celebrations of life for Confucianism followers. They reflect how Confucian traditions recognize and control the rites of passage such as birth, maturity, marriage, and death.”
Confucianism rituals take on a different connotation than other religions. For example, specific acts of everyday life are considered rituals.
Sept 28: “Teacher Day” & Confucius’s birthday
Elaborate, fancy ceremonies at large temples to solely taking the day off for reflection of Confucius virtues
Teachers get presents
April 4/5: Ching Ming Festival or “Ancestor Day”
Honor ancestors by visiting their graves, offering food, burning paper money
Sept 26-Oct 10
Qufu International Confucius Festival
Celebrated in Qufu, Shandong Province (Kongzi hometown)
Grand ceremony at Temple of Confucius and presentations at Cemetery of Confucius to honor him
Kung-fu competitions occasionally
Worship of Confucius: important ceremony held in Confucius Temple
In ancient times, grand ceremony called "the ceremony of the state“
Ceremony has four major activities: rituals, music, songs, and dances
Confucian ideology and culture are portrayed in music and dance performance Most important part of the celebration is three-gift ceremony where officiating person receives yellow silk, incense, and wine
Both Daoism and Confucianism developed during the Eastern Zhou Era. These two philosophical systems are polar opposites. Confucianism strived for old china and created strict, hierarchical family units as the base of the society. Daoism on the other hand felt that such a structure was over bearing, Daoist focused on being one with nature and attempted to lead a life free from stress and obligations of a chaotic society.
Legalist believed that it was a mistake to go back to old china’s society and they described the kindness of Confucius leaders to be naïve. In legalism, Lord Shang held the majority of power and Legalist felt it was their duty to protect the state. Around 221-206 BCE, legalists attempted to end Confucianism. They befriended Shi Huangdi, the new leader of the Qin Dynasty, and convinced him of the Confucius wrong-doings. The books of Confucius were then burned and the Confucius scholars were executed.
Buddhism was introduced in China in the first century CE and it fit nicely in Chinese culture because it was a mix between Daoism and Confucianism. Buddhist believe in looking back to traditional features but they emphasis the importance of the natural world.
Daoism v Confucianism
Legalist v Confucianism
Lord Shang reined supreme ; looking for new ways to improve
Confucius was equal with the other Confusions; liked old traditions
Focus is on the natural world; “go with the flow”
Very structured and orderly; traditional
Buddhism v Confucianism
Again, the hierarchical structure
and importance of family
A Daoist philosophy for day to day lifestyle
Example Confucius Family…
Bulliet, Richard W., Pamela K. Crossley, and Daniel R. Headrick. The Earth and It's Peoples A Global History Ap Edition. 5th ed. N.p.: Wadsworth Pub, 2010. Print.
Confucianism." New Page 1. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014. <http://confucianism.freehostingguru.com/>.