The influence of interaction modality
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The influence of interaction modality on planning and reflection during computer-based problem solving. Tersia // Gowases. Fall Schedule. August-September Update 8-puzzle Pre-test October Run and document experiment November-December Convert experiment document into papers.

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Tersia gowases

The influence of interaction modality on planning and reflection during computer-based problem solving

Tersia //Gowases


Fall schedule

Fall Schedule

  • August-September

    • Update 8-puzzle

    • Pre-test

  • October

    • Run and document experiment

  • November-December

    • Convert experiment document into papers


Interaction modalities

Interactionmodalities

Touch

Gaze-Augmented

Dwell-Time

(woz)

Move arm+hand

To directly manipulate screen elements

Point with eyes

+

Press spacebar

Speech


How immersive did you find the interaction

How Immersive did you find the interaction?


Preliminary results

Preliminary results

Time to solution = subjects speed * efficiency of the solution


Key papers

Key papers

  • Ericsson, K. A. Problem-Solving Behavior with the 8-Puzzle I: Time to Solution Reports from the PsycologicalLaboratories.University of Stockholm, 1974

  • O'Hara, K. P. & Payne, S. J. Planning and the user interface: the effects of lockout time and error recovery cost International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 1999, 50, 41 - 59

  • O'Hara, K. P. & Payne, S. J. The Effects of Operator Implementation Cost on Planfulness of Problem Solving and Learning Cognitive Psychology, 1998, 35, 34 - 70

  • Cockburn, A.; Kristensson, P. O.; Alexander, J. & Zhai, S. Hard lessons: effort-inducing interfaces benefit spatial learning Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, 2007, 1571-1580

  • Donahue, T. J.; Poor, G. M.; Mott, M. E.; Leventhal, L. M.; Zimmerman, G. & Klopfer, D.On interface closeness and problem solving Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied Interaction, ACM, 2013, 139-146

  • van Nimwegen, C.; van Oostendorp, H. & (Tabachneck-) Schijf, H. J. M.Externalization vs. Internalization: The Influence on Problem Solving PerformanceProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, IEEE Computer Society, 2004, 311-315

  • Payne, S. J.Display-based action at the user interfaceInt. J. Man-Mach. Stud., Academic Press Ltd., 1991, 35, 275-289

  • Morgan, P. L.; Waldron, S. M.; King, S. L. & Patrick, J.Harder to access, better performance?: the effects of information access cost on strategy and performanceProceedings of the 2007 conference on Human interface: Part I, Springer-Verlag, 2007, 115-125

  • Svendsen, G. B.The influence of interface style on problem solvingInt. J. Man-Mach. Stud., Academic Press Ltd., 1991, 35, 379-397

  • Waldron, S. M.; Patrick, J.; Morgan, P. L. & King, S. Influencing Cognitive Strategy by Manipulating Information Access Comput. J., Oxford University Press, 2007, 50, 694-702


Problem solving problem

Problem Solving Problem

  • When interacting with a problem on a computer, users do not plan a sequence of actions. Instead they act as soon as their first actions are decided upon and plan further actions as they go along.

    Reduce working memory load

    Insufficient when the number of sub-plans or intermediate increases

x


Tersia gowases

Explore gaze interaction as an interface to foster increased planning and reflection during computer-based problem solving

Tersia //Gowases


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