Africa Chapter 19and 20. By Makayla Dawson Period 1 Pg. 448-467. Central Africa. Vocabulary. Bantu migrations- migration of peoples and cultures that spoke one of the Bantu languages around 2000 B.C. in what is now southeastern Nigeria that spread southward throughout Africa
AfricaChapter 19and 20
By Makayla Dawson
In the mid-1800s central Africa was made up of 100s of different cultures, religions, and ethnicities that ranged from small villages and towns to and old empires. This changed when Europeans, who had usually stayed on the coast, began to take interest in the interior of Africa (1870s) along with King Leopold ll of Belgium who wanted to open it to European trade along the Congo River. By 1884 Leopold had control of the area, called the Congo Free State, and was using the people to gather resources like rubber, palm oil, and ivory. This is the beginning of what is called Colonialism that has had lasting effects on Africa.
There has always been an ethnic clash between Europeans and native Africans. It reached its height in 1948 when the whites (who were the minority) and blacks were separated based on their races, or apartheid in South Africa. Like segregation in America colored people and whites had there own schools, hospitals, and neighborhoods. Although blacks were the majority and made up 75% of the population whites were given the best land.
Currently the African nations are facing many deadly diseases. Inadequate sanitation and a lack of clean water supplies are causing infections like cholera. Mosquitos that carry the often fatal disease malaria that is becoming resistant to medical treatment. The main problem facing Africa though is AIDS and HIV. 70% of the world’s adult AIDS cases and 80% of the children that have AIDS are in Africa.
1. Great Zimbabwe was city established around 1000.
2. Great Zimbabwe and the Mutapa Empire both did lots of silver trading with Asia and Europe.
3. Pablo Picasso was inspired by the Fang Sculpture in 1917.
4. Apartheid is the separation of races.
5. Many countries in Africa have economies that are diverse.
6. Commodity is an agricultural or mining product that can be sold.
7. 70% of the world’s adult AIDS cases are in other nations out of Africa.
8. 80% of the children that have AIDS are in Africa.
9. The main disease that Africa is facing are AIDS, HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis.
10. In 1948 whites were the majority in Africa and blacks were the minority.