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Voluntary Agreements for Energy Efficiency and Emissions Reduction in Industry:A Survey of International Experience and Initial Results from a Pilot Project in Shandong Province, ChinaLynn Price Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, USAWang XuejunProfessor, College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, PR China
Agreement between an industrial enterprise and government that establishes a mutually agreed upon target for energy-savings over a long-term period given specified supporting policies.
Command-and-control approach is out-dated
Voluntary agreement approach is innovative
22.3% savings over 10-year period
29 sectors signed
Many met or
Review of 7 VA programs
Regulatory relief: annual emissions measurements which enterprises pay for are waived due to VA reporting
Government provided assistance to enterprises in obtaining loans for energy-efficient technologies, including providing the loan guarantee
Positive media publicity, government “seal of approval”
Provided services of government-backed technical experts free of charge to the enterprises
iron and steel, chemical and cement sectors
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