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SLEEP DISORDERS. Sleep Assessment. Polysomnographic (PSG) Evaluation (looks for abnormalities in stages) Sleep Latency Test 10-15 minutes Average < 7 minutes Problem. Overview of sleep disorders. Two Major Categories. Dyssomnias Difficulties Getting Enough Sleep Parasomnias

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PowerPoint Slideshow about ' SLEEP DISORDERS' - xandra-everett


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Presentation Transcript
slide1

SLEEP

DISORDERS

sleep assessment
Sleep Assessment
  • Polysomnographic (PSG) Evaluation (looks for abnormalities in stages)
  • Sleep Latency Test
    • 10-15 minutes Average
    • < 7 minutes Problem
overview of sleep disorders
Overview of sleep disorders
  • Two Major Categories
  • Dyssomnias
    • Difficulties Getting Enough Sleep
  • Parasomnias
    • Abnormal Behavior During Sleep
insomnia
Insomnia
  • Primary Insomnia
  • Common (50% lifetime incidence)
  • Causes?
    • Stress
    • Poor sleep hygiene
    • Sleep medications
narcolepsy
Narcolepsy
  • The “Sleep Attack”
    • Triggered by Strong Emotion
    • Go Right Into REM
    • Sleep Paralysis (cataplexy)
    • Hypnagogic Hallucinations
apnea
Apnea
  • Sleep Apnea
    • Breathing is Constrained or Ceases
    • Snoring and Night Sweats
    • Person Often Unaware of Problem
circadian d o
Circadian D/O
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
  • The Biological Clock
  • Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
  • Melatonin May Help Set the Clock
  • Jet Lag & Shift Work Types
treatments
Treatments
  • Medical Treatments
    • Prescription and Over-the-Counter (e.g., Ambien, Rozerem)
    • Hypersomnia & Narcolepsy
    • Stimulants (e.g., Ritalin)
    • Breathing-Related Disorders
    • Medications and Devices
slide9

The Treatment

of Dyssomnias

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments
    • Improving Sleep Hygiene
      • Addressing Beliefs About Sleep
      • Modifying Timing of Sleep
      • Stress and Relaxation Training
      • Exercise
      • Bed=sleep
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