Diet and culture
Download
1 / 31

Diet and Culture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 233 Views
  • Updated On :

Diet and Culture. Asian Diet American Diet French Diet Middle Eastern Diet. Diet and Culture. Asian Diets Juliana Yee. This is the U.S. Food Guide Pyramid developed by the USDA. Especially note differences such as the placement of Meat on the pyramid, as well as Fats, Oils and Sweets. .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Diet and Culture' - xander


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Diet and culture l.jpg
Diet and Culture

  • Asian Diet

  • American Diet

  • French Diet

  • Middle Eastern Diet


Diet and culture2 l.jpg

Diet and Culture

Asian Diets

Juliana Yee


Slide3 l.jpg

This is the U.S. Food Guide Pyramid developed by the USDA.

Especially note differences such as the placement of Meat on the pyramid, as well as Fats, Oils and Sweets.


Research shows l.jpg
Research shows:

Plant-based rural diets

in Asia are linked to

lower rates of certain

cancers, heart disease,

obesity and osteoporosis.


Rice noodles bread millet corn and other whole grains l.jpg
Rice, Noodles, Bread, Millet, Corn and other Whole Grains

Rice provides 25 to 80 percent of calories in the daily diet of 2.7 billion Asians

The percentage of starch component amylose preferred by Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China: 10-18% (low)


Red yeast rice l.jpg
Red Yeast Rice

  • Heart-Healthy Benefits:

  • lowers levels of LDL (bad cholesterol)

  • Increases levels of HDL (good cholesterol)

  • Lowers levels of triglycerides (unhealthy fats)

Active Ingredient: Mevinolin.

Restricts the liver’s production of cholesterol. Also, Mevinolin is chemically identical to the cholesterol-lowering compound lovastatin, which is sold as the prescription drug Mevacor.


Fruits legumes and vegetables l.jpg
Fruits, Legumes and Vegetables

  • The main sources of protein in the traditional Asian diet

  • Also contribute to fiber, vitamins and minerals

  • Legumes offer a variety of beneficial isoflavones (primarily found in soybeans) which promote bone health and reduces risk of both cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer.


Dairy l.jpg
Dairy

  • Generally consumed in low amounts in diets of east and south Asia.

  • The plant-based, dairy-free diets of much of Asia are associated with low incidence of osteoporosis

  • Asians are generally intolerant to milk


Health benefits green tea l.jpg
Health Benefits: Green Tea

  • A natural phytochemical in tea, called EGCG, can block several enzymes necessary for the reproduction of cancer cells.

  • Polyphenols in tea can inhibit cell damage linked with cancers of the skin, lung, colon, liver and pancreas.



Food guide pyramid l.jpg
Food Guide Pyramid

  • An outline of what to eat each day for good health

  • Focuses on fat and sugar

  • Conveys 3 main messages:

    • Eat a variety of food in each group

    • Balance food intake

    • Eat in moderation


Proteins l.jpg

Function

Builds and maintains tissues

Muscles, organs, and some hormones

Examples

Eggs, dairy products, meat, nuts, beans

Amino acids

Essential amino acids

Must be supplied from foods

Limiting reactant

Complete proteins

Meats and dairy products

Complementary proteins

Fruits and vegetables

Proteins


Proteins continued l.jpg
Proteins (Continued)

  • Recommended daily allowances

    • 0.42 g/lb body weight

  • Excess protein

    • Common in US

  • Protein deficiency

    • Abnormalities of growth


Carbohydrates l.jpg

Function

Chief source of energy for all body functions and muscular exertion

Complex

Whole grains, fruits, vegetables

Simple

Sugar and white flour

Carbohydrates


Carbohydrates cont l.jpg
Carbohydrates (cont)

  • Atkins diet

    • Little amount of carbohydrates consumed

    • Stored glycogen is broken down for energy

      • Water is released and excreted

  • Recommended daily values

    • 60% of daily Calories


Slide16 l.jpg

Function

Saturated

Unsaturated

Monounsaturated

Polyunsaturated

Hydrogenation

Examples

Meat, poultry, fish, dairy products

Recommended daily allowance

30% of daily Calories

Actual daily amount

40% of daily Calories

Fats


Nutrition related diseases l.jpg

Heart Disease

25% of Americans have a cardiovascular disease

Causes

High blood pressure, increased weight, and high cholesterol levels

Heart-Healthy diet

Low in sodium, cholesterol, and fat

Obesity

Leading cause of preventable death

64% are overweight

30% are obese

Obese children

Less exercise, more fattening foods

Risk for heart disease, heart failure, stroke, cancer

Nutrition-related Diseases


French diet l.jpg
French Diet

By John B.


Typical french diet l.jpg
Typical French Diet

-Potatoes

-Some meats and “charcuterie”

-Poultry

-Breads

-A variety of Cheeses

-Vegetables

Meals often include a small green salad, and finish with cheese as dessert.


Wealthy french diet l.jpg
Wealthy French diet

  • Rich and creamy sauces

  • Pastries

  • Sweets

  • Fats

  • Cheeses

  • Breads

  • Pates

  • Wine

A typical meal served in American “French” restaurants is very similar to that consumed by the wealthier classes.


French traditions l.jpg
French Traditions

-Breads, Crossants and

Pastries

-Strong coffee

-Wine

-France is probably more famous for its wines than any other country in the world.


Slide22 l.jpg

French Food Pyramid

It is very similar to the American Food Pyramid



Primary religions in the middle east l.jpg
Primary Religions in the Middle-East

While looking into the Middle-Eastern diet, I decided to explore the effect of religion on diet. In some religions there are dietary laws prohibiting certain foods. In Jewish and Muslim dietary laws, the main restriction is pork. Since the majority of the Middle-Eastern population consists of Muslims and Jews, my main focus became this question: what are the benefits and disadvantages of a diet without pork?


Slide28 l.jpg

Spices

The Middle-East consists of mainly third world countries. Because of this lack of wealth, many people cannot afford to buy food in large quantities as Americans do so often. In order to make their food last longer, they use methods of food preservation, including smoking, salting, spicing, and candying. These methods not only help prevent the food from spoiling, but cover up the rancid taste when it does. This prevents enzyme reactions and microbial growth by the addition of certain chemicals.


Bibliography l.jpg
Bibliography

http://personalhealthzone.comhttp//:www.nationmaster.comhttp//:www.oldwayspt.orghttp//:www.semda.orghttp//:www.meatandhealth.co/uk/http//:www.nms.ca/elementary/know_your_nutrients.htmlhttp//:www.jewfaq.orghttp//:www.sitesatlas.com


Bibliography30 l.jpg
Bibliography

  • Encarta Encyclopedia

  • http://kidshealth.org

  • http://www.sacbee.com

  • http://www.mamashealth.com

  • http://health.discovery.com

  • http://www.chasefreedom.com

  • http://www.dietsite.com


Bibliography cont d l.jpg
Bibliography cont’d.

  • www.News.cornell.edy/science/Dec95/st.Asianpyramid.htm

  • www.oldwayspt.org/pyramids/asian/p_asian.html

  • www.gicare.com/pated/edtot36.htm

  • http://msnbc.msn.com/id/3541337

  • www.llu.edu/llu/nutrition/program/research1.htm

  • www.nnfa.org/services/science/bg_redyeastrice.htm

  • www.breastcancer.org/green_tea.html

  • www.multiculturalhealth.org

  • www.ianr.unl.edu/kendrick/411/people-S00.html


ad